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Leadership management

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Olga Belanovskaya

on 22 July 2014

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Transcript of Leadership management

Five Key Elements
Who Is a Leader and What skills Do Leaders Need?
Agenda
Leadership Definition Key Elements
$1.25
Tuesday, July 22, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Leadership
Introduction to Leadership
Nature or Nurture?
Are Leaders Born or Made?
What is leadership?
Most researchers agree that the answer is both.
Leadership Management
Theory assumes that, capacity for leadership is inherent.
It often portrays great leaders as heroic, mythic and destined to rise,
e.g.Military leadership

"Great Man" Theory
$1.25
Tuesday, July 22, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Leadership Theories
Introduction
Leadership theories
Management vs Leadership
In-Class Activity
Roles of leadership in management
Leadership styles
Research Linkage
Conclusion
Q&A
Responsibilities

Leadership vs Management
Differences
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Tuesday, July 22, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Leadership
In Project Management
Defining Key Leadership Roles
Leadership
is about getting people to understand and believe in your vision and to work with you to achieve your goals while managing is more about administering and making sure the day-to-day things are happening as they should.

Leadership
involves (leading) a group of people, whereas management need only be concerned with responsibility for things.

The most fundamental overlap between leadership and management - is that good leadership always includes responsibility for managing. Lots of the managing duties may be delegated through others, but the leader is responsible for ensuring there is appropriate and effective management for the situation or group concerned.


Three leadership roles needed throughout the project life cycle – organizational leadership, project managers, and self-managed teams
Leadership and Management
QUESTIONS?
Approach
Goleman Leadership Styles
Goleman's Leadership Styles
Daniel Goleman and his team completed a
three-year study
(Leadership That Gets Results, a landmark 2000 Harvard Business Review study) with over 3,000 middle-level managers.

Their goal was to
uncover specific leadership behaviors
and determine their effect on the corporate climate and each leadership style’s effect on bottom-line profitability.


The research discovered that a manager’s
leadership style was responsible for 30%
of the company’s bottom-line profitability! That’s far too much to ignore.

Goleman uncovered the
six leadership styles
among the managers he studied.

Each of the six styles comes from the use of Emotional Intelligence.
$1.25
Tuesday, July 22, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
The Real Value of Developing Leadership
Research Linkage
Leadership Styles
Conclusion
In today's presentation, we have learned:

Five key elements of leadership
Leadership skills
Leadership theories
Differences between leadership and management
Key leadership roles
Leadership styles
Linkage of research industry
Leadership Management
Leading OR Managing Exercise
In-Class Activity
Many people confuse or merge the different attributes of management and leadership. This exercise enables people to understand the differences.

Here is a list of many things that managers and leaders do.


Managerial Leadership Skills
Leadership Is Not...
It is not
a gift that some people have and others don't
It is not
standing back and telling others what to do
It is not
belittling or demeaning others who don't do what you tell them to do
Trait Theory
Leadership
is the influencing process of leaders and followers to achieve organizational objectives through change.
There is no universal definition of leadership
Leadership is one of the most debated and discussed topics
Nature: Leadership traits


Nurture: Skills development
Similar in some ways to "Great man" theory
Trait theory assume that people inherit certain qualities and traits that make them better suited to leadership.

Limitations:
To explain those people who possess such qualities but are not leaders.
Research has been unable to identify a common, agreed set of [leadership] attributes.

Technical
Interpersonal
Decision-Making
Value is...
leadership is seeing the value in every person.
Good leadership enhances employee productivity and generates stakeholder value.
Leadership inspires admiration and action.
Contingency Theories
Focus on particular variables related to the environment that might determine leadership best suited for the situation.
Success depends upon a number of variables, including leadership style,
qualities of the followers and
aspects of the situation.

Situational Theories
These theories propose that leaders choose the best course of action based upon situational variables.
Different styles of leadership may be more appropriate for certain types of decision-making.
E.g. Authoritarian style, Democratic style

Behavioral Theory
Behavioral theories of leadership are based upon the belief that great leaders are made, not born.
Rooted in behaviorism, this leadership theory focuses on the actions of leaders, not on mental qualities or internal states.
According to this theory, people can learn to become leaders through teaching and observation.

Participative Theories
Participative leadership theories suggest that the ideal leadership style is one that takes the input of others into account.
These leaders encourage participation and contributions from group members and help group members feel more relevant and committed to the decision-making process.

Relationship Theories
Relationship theories, also known as transformational theories,
Focus upon the connections formed between leaders and followers.
Transformational leaders motivate and inspire people by helping group members.
These leaders are focused on the performance of group members, but also want each person to fulfill his or her potential.
Leadership with high ethical and moral standards.

Management Theories
These are also known as transactional theories,
Focus on the role of supervision, organization and group performance.
Base leadership on a system of rewards and punishments.
Often used in business; when employees are successful, they are rewarded; when they fail, they are reprimanded or punished.

Leadership Theories
1."Great man" theories
2. Trait theories
3. Contingency theories
4. Situational theories
5. Behavioural theories
6. Participative theories
7. Management theories
8. Relationship theories



Understanding The Differences: Leadership vs Management
Beyond this fundamental overlap - that leadership is actually a much bigger and deeper role than management - a useful way to understand the differences between leadership and management is to consider some typical responsibilities of leading and managing, and to determine whether each is more a function of leading, or of managing.
Leadership is usually a bigger responsibility than management, and also,
Leadership includes the responsibility for the management of the group/situation, which is typically mostly by delegation to others.
MANAGEMENT

Implementing tactical actions
Detailed budgeting
Measuring and reporting performance
Applying rules and policies
Implementing disciplinary rules
Organizing people and tasks within structures
Recruiting people for jobs
Checking and managing ethics and morals
Developing people
Problem-solving
Planning
Improving productivity and efficiency
Motivating and encouraging others
Delegating and training

LEADERSHIP

Creating new visions and aims
Establishing organizational financial targets
Deciding what needs measuring and reporting
Making new rules and policies
Making disciplinary rules
Deciding structures, hierarchies and work groups
Creating new job roles
Establishing ethical and moral positions
Developing the organization
Problem-anticipation
Visualising
Conceiving new opportunities
Inspiring and empowering others
Planning and organizing succession

... AND
All management responsibilities, including all listed left, (which mostly and typically are delegated to others, ideally aiding motivation and people-development)
Organizational leadership
is the main responsibility of upper management. When new projects are proposed, it is important that an organization’s senior management team demonstrate that they are in full support.
As long as the new initiative properly aligns with a company’s goals and strategies, there should be at least one ‘champion’ from senior management who is available to oversee the plan.
Project Managers

In organizations where there may be more than one project, project managers are needed to lead projects.

They are needed to work from the planning stages - making sure that costs and resources are available, through to the project delivery and execution stages, after which projects are handed off to clients.

Self-managed work teams
are unique because the team takes full responsibility for its own work. It is defined as a method that allows workers to be responsible for organizing, regulating, and controlling the various aspects and conditions of their jobs in order to affect the outcome.

Disadvantage - is that it can take between two to five years to build a proper self-managed work team.
PLEASE
identify
the items that are associated with
managing
, and those that are associated with
leading
.
Managing Leading
reporting
monitoring
budgeting
measuring
applying rules and policies
discipline
running meetings
interviewing
recruiting
counselling
coaching
problem-solving
decision-making
mentoring
negotiating
selling and persuading
doing things right
using systems
communicating instructions
assessing performance
appraising people


team-building
taking responsibility
identifying the need for action
having courage
consulting with team
giving responsibility to others
determining direction
explaining decisions
making painful decisions
defining aims and objectives
being honest with people
developing strategy
keeping promises
working alongside team members
sharing a vision with team members
motivating others
doing the right thing
taking people with you
developing successors
inspiring others
resolving conflict


applying rules and policies
appraising people
assessing performance
being honest with people
budgeting
coaching
communicating instructions
consulting with team
counselling
decision-making
defining aims and objectives
determining direction
developing strategy
developing successors
discipline
doing the right thing
doing things right
explaining decisions
giving responsibility to others
having courage
identifying the need for action



inspiring others
interviewing
keeping promises
making painful decisions
measuring
mentoring
monitoring
motivating others
negotiating
problem-solving
recruiting
reporting
resolving conflict
running meetings
selling and persuading
sharing a vision with team members
taking people with you
taking responsibility
team-building
using systems
working alongside team members


According to Oxford dictionary:
Leadership
is the action of leading a group of people or an organization, or the ability to do this.

Leadership is less about

your needs
, and more about
the needs of the people
and the organization you are leading.



Leadership styles

should be adapted to the particular demands of the situation

Leadership and Styles
There are many different approaches to
leadership styles
based on leadership theories. All of them are different but have some similar ideas.

All leadership styles can become
a part of the leader's repertoire
.

Leadership styles should be
adapted to the demands
of the situation, the requirements of the people involved and the challenges facing the organization.

References
Managing Leading
reporting
monitoring
budgeting
measuring
applying rules and policies
discipline
running meetings
interviewing
recruiting
counselling
coaching
problem-solving
decision-making
mentoring
negotiating
selling and persuading
doing things right
using systems
communicating instructions
assessing performance
appraising people
getting people to do things
formal team briefing
responding to emails
planning schedules
delegating
reacting to requests
reviewing performance
time management
organising resources
implementing tactics
team-building
taking responsibility
identifying the need for action
having courage
consulting with team
giving responsibility to others
determining direction
explaining decisions
making painful decisions
defining aims and objectives
being honest with people
developing strategy
keeping promises
working alongside team members
sharing a vision with team members
motivating others
doing the right thing
taking people with you
developing successors
inspiring others
resolving conflict
allowing the team to make mistakes
taking responsibility for mistakes
nurturing and growing people
giving praise
thanking people
giving constructive feedback
accepting criticism and suggestions
being determined
acting with integrity
listening
1. Using six leadership styles for effective team performance. (n.d.). Retrieved July 21, 2014, from http://www.educational-business-articles.com/six-leadership-styles.html

2. Schwenker, K. (2008). Defining Key Leadership Roles in Project Managment. Leadership in Project Management: Exploring Roles and Behaviors: Mislat Balogun.

3. Understanding the Differences: Leadership vs Management. (n.d.). Retrieved July 21, 2014, from https://www.go2hr.ca/articles/understanding-differences-leadership-vs-management

4. Why Do Some People Become Great Leaders?. (n.d.). About.com Psychology. Retrieved July 21, 2014, from http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/p/leadtheories.htm

5. Lussier, R. N., & Achua, C. F. (2013). Leadership : theory, application, & skill development / Robert N. Lussier ; Christopher F. Achua. Mason, Ohio : South-Western Cengage Learning, c2013.
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