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The Battle of Midway
Transcript of The Battle of Midway
Date: 4th through 7th of June 1942
Place: Small U.S. base called Midway
Combatants:Japanese(Axis) v.s. Americans(Allied)
The Turning Point of WWII
Yamamoto, Commander of a Japanese fleet, thought that Japan could gain control of the Pacific after an naval battle with the Americans at Midway. In Yamamoto's plan, America would lose , leaving Japan to take over the Pacific.
In May 1942 U.S. Pacific code breakers reported that the Japanese planned to attack somewhere in the Hawaiian area. Later known to be Midway.
The Japanese attack midway
The code breakers
Both used aircrafts and battle ships
The Japanese fleet consisted of four aircraft carriers organized around four task forces.
The Japanese fleet also had the biggest battleship in the world ''Yamato"
The Americans had three carriers, plus Midway Island airstrip. Also had the Yorktown it was an aircraft carrier, which was a lead ship
The effect of the Battle of Midway
This was the first major Naval victory for the U.S.,
Happened in midway section of the Pacific Ocean this battle would interfere with shipping to the east and west
Japan casualties- lost four vital aircraft carriers that were considered to be vital for the Pacific campaign, a cruiser, and 292 aircraft, and suffered 2,500 casualties.
Yamamoto still had many warships at his command, but without his carriers and aircraft he was forced to abandon his Midway invasion plans and retreat. On June 5, the U.S. pursued his fleet, but bad weather saved it. On June 6, the U.S. aircraft began their attack, sinking a cruiser and damaging several other warships. Meanwhile, a Japanese submarine torpedoed the Yorktown, It sank on June 7, bringing an end to the battle.
The Battle of Midway took place about a month after the Battle of Coral Sea, and 6 months after Pearl Harbor
American casualties-Yorktown, USS Hammann, 145 aircraft, and suffered 307 casualties
Why was this war a Turning Point
It improved American morale at home
Reduced the fear of a Japanese invasion
The U.S. had damaged most of the Japanese fleet weaking their power to win other battles