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Referencing for undergraduates

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Ben Jane

on 25 October 2013

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Transcript of Referencing for undergraduates

Tips from tutors
Follow the recipe, be consistent
Consider the quality of source used
Limit the use of direct references in favour of indirect.
Don't copy references directly from a source without editing.
Insert a blank line between each in ref section
Avoid repeatedly inserting refs at end of paragraph
Google "reporting verbs"
Can be frustrating but keep trying
To all students
The University of St Mark & St John
and plagiarism
All Students
Teaching Staff
Anybody that will listen
Using software to help with referencing
Did you know that there are a number of ways that you can get help from your computer when referencing?
MS Word has an built-in citation & bibliography feature. This allows you to input citation components manually and then it will help insert and track references that you use. It can then produce a reference list automatically.
There are also programmes like Mendeley that will manage your pdfs, and then automatically produce the references via plug-in that you can add to MS Word
A small amount of time spent learning how to use these tools will save much more time in the long run!!
"Every man should have a built in crap detector operating inside him"
Ernest Hemingway
What is referencing?
Why are references important?
1. Tracing the origins of your ideas
2. Building a web of ideas
3. Finding your own voice
4. Demonstrating the validity of your arguments
5. Spreading knowledge
6. Show an appreciation of previous work
7. Show what you have read
8. Avoiding plagiarism
9. Part of marking criteria
The ability to select appropriate sources
What is
How to do referencing
Print & read the Marjon student regulations
Keep an accurate record of every source you use
(author, date, title, place of publication, publisher, p. No.)
Ensure you identify all sources directly or indirectly in text
Ensure you list every source used in reference section
Indirect referencing:
e.g. Andrews (2010) says that the ability to argue rationally is an important part of civilised society.
or...An important part of civilised society is the ability to argue rationally (Andrews, 2010).
Direct referencing:
e.g. Andrews (2010:1) states that "it is important to be able to argue rationally in a civilised society".
or..."It is important to be able to argue rationally in a civilised society" (Andrews, 2010:1).
Secondhand referencing:
e.g. (Blair, 2009, cited in Bell, 2010:109)
A book requires..
Author(s) surnames
Author(s) initials
Year of publication
Full book title
Publisher Location
Publisher Name
Author(s) surnames
Author(s) initials
Year of publication
Full article title
Full journal title
A journal requires..
page numbers for the article
Author(s) surnames
Author(s) initials
Year of publication
Full article title
Full journal title
An e-journal requires..
page numbers for the article
For the sources in front of you find out the necessary information
the URL for the article
The date you first accessed it
Task (pt 2):
Now write out the reference according to the Harvard guidelines
see the next window...
High Intensity Interval Training has been shown to elicit both central and peripheral adaptations (Murray, 2011) that result in improvements in maximal oxygen uptake, work economy, cardiac output and diastolic function. These beneficial adaptations have been noted in both healthy (Gibala et al., 2006) and unhealthy populations (Boutcher, 2011) and have been shown to be beneficial for weight loss and reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease (Kessler et al., 2012).
Boutcher (2011) High-Intensity Intermittent Exercise and Fat Loss Journal of Obesity Article ID 868305, 1-10 doi:10.1155/2011/868305

Gibala, M. J., Little, J. P., Essen, M. Van, Wilkin, G. P., Burgomaster, K. A., Safdar, A., Raha, S. and Tarnopolsky, M. A. (2006) Short-term sprint interval versus traditional endurance training: similar initial adaptations in human skeletal muscle and exercise performance. Journal of Physiology. Vol. 575, No. 3: 901–911. [Online]. Available from: doi:10.1113/jphysiol.2006.112094.

Kessler HS, Sisson SB & Short KR (2012). The potential for high-intensity interval training to reduce cardiometabolic disease risk. Sports Medicine Vol. 42, 489–509.

Murray, A. J. (2011) Taking a HIT for the heart: why training intensity matters. Journal of Applied Physiology. Vol. 111, No. 5: 1229–1230.[Online] Available from: doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.01078.2011 [accessed Sept 10th 2013].

Copying or buying another person’s work and claiming it to be your own.
Presenting arguments that use a blend of your own and the copied words of the original author without acknowledging the source.
It includes collusion with other students,
e.g. one student writes an assignment and others copy (or buy) and then present individually as their own work.
to avoid plagiarism, you must:
give credit whenever you use another person’s idea, opinion, or theory,
avoid copying passages of text and presenting as your own.

In-text citations
Reference Section
"If we knew what it was we were doing,
it would not be called research, would it?"
Albert Einstein (1879-1955)
Click "Cite" to get this window.
Cut and paste ref (not perfect style)
Marjon Academic Skills page on LS
also see..
Full transcript