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AQA GCSE PE The Participant as an Individual

Chapter 1
by

Gareth Matthews

on 1 October 2013

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Transcript of AQA GCSE PE The Participant as an Individual

The Participant as an Individual.
Chapter 1
In this Chapter
1.1 Age
1.2 Disability
1.3 Gender
1.4 Physique
1.5 Environment
1.6 Risk and Challenge
1.7 Activity Levels and Needs
1.8 Training
1.1 Age
Objectives;
Consider the effects that ageing has on the body.
Consider further how these effects might affect our suitability for certain activities
Look at the necessity for age divisions in sport.
Physical Activity and Age;
List 5 things that can affect a performer as they get older?
Flexibility;
High in teenage years, can decrease with age
Putting on weight can reduce flexibility
Strength;
Decreases with age
Younger people will not achieve maximal strength until fully grown, aged 17-22
Oxygen Capacity;
Reduces with age
Heart becomes less efficient
Arteries loose elasticity, increasing blood pressure and reducing blood flow
Skill Levels;
Can improve with age an experience
Grow and get stronger
Illness & Injuries;
Longer to recover the older you get
More chance of suffering from diseases and disorders the older you get
More chance of injury due to wear & tear of the body
These factors are taken into consideration to allow an individual to be able to cope with them. for this reason is that nearly all top-level Gymnasts peak in their mid-teens.
Age Division;
Why is Age Division important?
Allows more competitive sport

1.2 Disability
Objectives;
Consider the types of Disability that exist.
Look at the ways in which disabled performers are able to be active participants.
Consider the measures taken to enable the disabled to participate as fully as possible.
Disability sport has had its profile raised through policies of inclusion to ensure all people are catered for.
There are four categories that Disability can be considered;
Physical
Mental
Permanent
Temporary

There are various ways in which the above disabilities can be catered for as they can affect to individuals ability to take part.
Sporting Adaptations.
The Paralympics are held after the Olympics every four years. In London 2012, there were 21 different sporting events;
How many can you name? Write a list and see how many you can get.
http://www.london2012.com/paralympics/sports/

How many did you get?
Facilities;
It is a legal requirement that all facilities cater for the disabled in the following ways;
Access - Doors and doorways have to be wide enough to allow wheelchair access and ramps must be provided
Parking - disabled bays must be marked and made available
Provision - Lifts must allow access to upper floors, disabled toilets must be provided, and there should be specific activities, clubs or classes that are particularly suited to the disabled.
Task;
Choose one of the 21 Paralympic Sports and find out all of the classifications for that particular sport.
Adaption;
Disability classifications exist for all activities relating to the particular physical demands of that sport. For example, in athletics a letter system is used, T for Track and F for Field, these are accompanied by a number. This system identifies the particular disability and allows the competition to be fair.
Adapted Sports and Equipment;
In all disabled sports, the rules are the same, with a couple of adapted changes to cater for the disability. For example, in wheelchair basketball, the hoop is the same height, but the traveling rule is adapted along with the contact.
Adapted equipment allows access to many sports in which some disabilities would not be able to participate in. For example, footballs have ball-bearings inside a small compartment to make a sound so that the blind players can hear where the ball is.
Examiners Tip;
"It is important to know how the disabled are catered for to enable them to be active participants.
You should also be aware of some examples of how and when they compete.
Now write down 2 or 3 sentences of what you have learnt today
1.3 Gender
Objectives;
Consider the differences that exist between males and females
Consider the physical, metabolic and hormonal differences that exist
Consider the allowances that are made in view of these differences and because of the effects they can have
Examiners Tip;
You should be able to identify some of the physiological differences between men and women and back this up with knowledge about why competition is usually single sex. You may also be asked about sexual discrimination in sport.
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