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Ellipses, Parenthesis, and Dashes

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Karissa Vongkhamchanh

on 7 March 2014

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Transcript of Ellipses, Parenthesis, and Dashes

The ellipses, parenthesis and dashes are used to add additional material and information in simple sentences by emphasizing other topics in the sentence.
Karissa Vongkhamchanh, Keeley Phommathirath, Anisha Narayan, and Harman Momi
Use of Parenthesis
Dashes show breaks from one tone to the other, drawing attention and emphasizing/introducing information. Combines two different thoughts.
Ellipsis, Parenthesis, and Dashes
EPD Game!
A word, clause, or sentence inserted as an explanation or afterthought into a passage.

What is a Parenthesis?
Expresses urgency
Signify importance
Combines incomplete thoughts
Less formal
No spaces between words
Super comma
3 uses
interrupts a dialogue/conversation
to introduce words that summarize the sentence
to substitute for commas, parenthesis
... continued

Either or both of a pair "()" are used in a writing to mark off a interjected explanatory and is also to indicate separate groupings.
Use parentheses to enclose words or figures that clarify or are used as an aside.
Example: She finally answered (after taking 2 hours) and told me she didn't understand my question.

Use full parentheses to enclose numbers or letters used for listed items.
Examples: We need someone who can (1) run fast, (2) work well with others (3) have dedication.

Periods go after the parenthesis only if the words inside the parenthesis aren't a complete sentence.
Example: Squiggly likes chocolate (and nuts).

Periods go inside parentheses only if an entire sentence is inside the parentheses.
Example: Bring Chocolate (squiggly likes sweets.)

Parenthesis are also good for texting!
Example: :) >:)
:( :-(
;) ;[)
8) <|:{)}

When to use ellipsis:
When leaving out one or more words that are not necessary for a phrase to be understood.

An ellipsis can also help with a pause in a sentence and is useful in quoting a speech.
The ellipsis consists of three evenly spaced periods. Ex (. . .)
Rule #1.
When placing an ellipsis at the end of a sentence always put the ellipsis then follow with a space and another point for the punctuation.
Rule #2.
Use an ellipsis only to replace unnecessary words in the sentence.
Rule #3.
Never put an ellipsis at the beginning of a quotation.
Rule #4.
Make sure the points are evenly spaced.
Rule #5.
You should not change the subject too much using an ellipsis.
The role of an ellipsis is to add additional material and information in simple sentences.
Ellipsis Examples
The young boy Marco played lots of sports such as soccer, basketball … .

John thought and thought … and then thought some more.

"I'm wondering …" Joe said.

Bob liked many foods like pizza, burgers … and pasta.

“Do you think … never mind it was a bad example anyway.”
Types of Dashes

Common Misconceptions
using dashes too commonly breaks the flow of the sentence
commas are in places where dashes can be applied
hyphens vs. dashes
Connect two or more words into one single concept
break syllables hos-pi-tal
dash is the big dash (–) replaces commas, parenthesis colons and semicolons to add a change of thought.

dash is the small dash or hyphen (-) this is used for spaces between dates in chronological order and to reference two proper nouns like New York-Washington. To connect 2 or more words together as combining open compounds.
Mr. Lee is suited to the job—he has more experience than everybody else in the department—but he has been having some difficulties at home recently, and would probably not be available.

There was only one person suited to the job—Mr. Smith.

The two polar bears were large--extremely monstrous.
Get Ready!
Types of parenthesis used in writing.
1. Abbreviations
What about the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
.Numbers that confirmed to a spelled out number
Rob was expecting five hundred dollars ($500) but only got four hundred (400).
3. Translation
My mom always told me "Khoi huk chau" (i love you) before i went to bed.
To explain or to clarify.
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