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Transcript of Jupiter
Jupiters orbital Distance
Jupiters orbital distance is 5.2 astronomical units and 778 million kilometers. Which is 448 million miles.
Jupiters gravity is 2.53 times as strong as on earth. So if you weigh 100 pounds on earth you weigh 253 pounds on Jupiter.
Jupiter's atmosphere is made up of 90% Hydrogen gas and 10% helium. Earth has a thick atmosphere consists of 78% Nitrogen, 21% oxygen, 0.9% argon, and 0.037% CO2. So jupiter can not be habitable to humans because it is a gas planet that has no oxygen for us to breathe, and is not composed of solid matter. Also the friction in Jupiter's atmosphere is very weak compared to Earths.
Jupiter's temperature is very cold because it is a lot further from the sun than Earth. It's Temperature is a constant 120K (kelvin) or -153C (celsius), in fahrenheit it is -243F degrees.
Jupiter has the most moons out of all the planets, it has 68 moons. The four large main moons are called the Galilean Moons, because they were discovered by Galileo. The names of them are Callisto, Io, Ganymede, and Europa.
Jupiter is the fastest spinning planet and has 9.8 Earth Hours. Which is fast compared to Earth, because Jupiter is a lot bigger than earth yet it spins faster.
Name and Origin
Jupiter is named after the King of the Roman gods and patron of roman state. The name Jupiter is of Latin origin and means "The Supreme god".
Who, when, and where was it discovered
We do not know when, where or who discovered jupiter. It has been known since ancient times, and Many people have observed jupiter through a telescope, including Galileo.
Callisto is the most crated object in the solar system, and the third largest moon. Callisto has about 99% the diameter of the planet Mercury. It is also the oldest ladscape in the solr system, having being about 4 billion years old. Callisto is named after one of Zeus's lovers, daughter of Lycaon.
Jupiter's Moons video
Ganymede is the largest moon in the solar system. It is the 7th moon and third Galilean satelite. It is 8% larger than the diameter of mercury. It was discovered by Galileo in 1610. And is named after the sun of King Tros. It is also referred to as Jupiter lll or "third satelite of Jupiter."
Io is the innermost of the 4 Galilean moons, and is the 4th largest moon in the solar system. It was named after one of Zeus's lovers, a priestess of Hera. It has over 400 active volcanoes. The surface fills its craters with molten lava
Europa is the sixth closest moon to the planet Jupiter, and the smallest of the 4 Galiliean Moons. Europa is primarily made of silicate rock and probably has an iron core. Its surface is made of water ice and has scratch marks on it.
Jupiter's year is 11.86 Earth years which it takes to go around the planet once, and it takes 4,330.6 Earth days to make a year on jupiter.
Jupiter was the supreme god in Roman Mythology. He had authority over the heavens and light, and was responsible for the protection and laws of the Roman state. He is the King of the gods, and god of Sky and Lightning. Jupiter's latin name is
The Romans regarded Jupiter as the equivalent of the Greek Zeus. Saturn, reigned in Latium during a mythical Golden Age and god of agriculture, was the father of Jupiter.
Jupiter has had several probes visit, a few of them are Voyagers 1 & 2, Pioneer 10 & 11, also Galileo, Ulysses Cassini. Pioneer 10 discovered that jupiter is a lrge magnetosphere and showed us what Jupiter's radiation belt could do to the spacecraft. Pioneer 10 also reported the amount of hydrogen and helium in the planet's atmosphere. Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 flew past Jupiter in March and July 1979, it discovered lightning in Jupiter's clouds, and mapped flow patterns in the cloud bands. Ulysses built the probe mainly to study the sun's polar regions. As Ulysses passed by Jupiter, it gathered data indicating that the solar wind has a much greater effect on Jupiter's magnetosphere than what earlier studies had said.
Jupiter has a striped pattern of clouds that are white orange and brown. Most visible clouds are composed of ammonia and ammonia compounds. Clouds circle the planet at very high speeds, creating storms. A very large hurricane on Jupiter called "The Great Red Spot", is about the size of earth. It has many colorful bands and spots and is the largest planet. It also hasa faint ring around it that can be seen in sunlight. Also water exists deep below and can sometimes be seen through clear spots in the clouds.
-You can fit 100 Earths into Jupiter's great red spot.
-The Planet has over 60 known moons but most of them are extremely small.
-The Great Red Storm has been going on for about 400 years.
-Jupiter's volume is large enough to contain 1,300 planets the size of Earth.
-Jupiter sends out a strong radio radiation that can be detected on Earth.
-Jupiter rotates faster than any planet in the Solar System.
-Jupiter has the biggest moon in the Solar System, Ganymede.
Largest, fifth, planet,
Ring, moons, Galileo, clouds,
hydrogen, gas, cloud.
Europa, icy, iron,
Ganymede, third, large.
great, red, spot, rotate, shrink, south,
Great Red Spot
The Great Red spot is a storm that has been raging in Jupiter's Southern Hemisphere for over 400 years. Scientists say that it is half the size of what it was and is shrinking. The Great Red Spot rotates counter-clockwise and makes a full rotation every six Earth days an it has a reddish color.
Great Red Spot Video
Radius: 43,441 miles (69,911 km)
Mass: 1.898E27 kg (317.8 Earth mass)
Surface area: 23.71 billion sq miles (61.42 billion km²)
Gravity: 24.79 m/s²
Volume: 1,898,130,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 kg
Orbit: 5.2 AU
Density: 1.26 g/cm3
"But what exceeds all wonders, I have discovered four new planets and observed their proper and particular motions, different among themselves and from the motions of all the other stars; and these new planets move about another very large star [Jupiter] like Venus and Mercury, and perchance the other known planets, move about the Sun."
“Jupiter instead cooled down below the threshold for fusion, but it maintained enough heat and mass and pressure to cram atoms very close together, to the point they stop behaving like the atoms we recognize on earth. Inside Jupiter, they enter a limbo of possibility between chemical and nuclear reactions, where planet-sized diamonds and oily hydrogen metal seem plausible.”
- Sam Kean, The Disappearing Spoon: And Other True Tales of Madness, Love, and the History of the World from the Periodic Table of the Elements
Jupiter is thought to have a rocky, dense core, it has a mixture of elements, a surrounding layer of liquid metallic hydrogen with some helium, and an outer layer mainly made up of molecular hydrogen. The core area is surrounded by dense metallic hydrogen, which extends outward to about 78% of the radius of the planet.
Bova, Ben. Jupiter. New York: Tor, 2001. Print.
"Jupiter." Wikipedia. 03 Dec. 2014. Wikimedia Foundation. 13 Mar. 2014
NASA. NASA. 13 Mar. 2014 <http://www.nasa.gov/>.
"Jupiter." l facts, pictures and information. 11 Mar. 2014 <http://nineplanets.org/jupiter.html>
Beebe, Reta. Jupiter: The giant planet. Washington: Smithsonian Institution P, 1994.
"Solar System Exploration: Planets: Jupiter: Overview". Solar System Exploration: Planets: Jupiter: Overview. N.p., n.d Web. 09 Mar. 2014.