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The Rise of Rome

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Alyssa Canales

on 1 February 2016

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Transcript of The Rise of Rome

The Rise of Rome
Classical Era
The city of Rome began as a small settlement built on seven hills along the Tiber River.
Rome is called the city of seven hills.
In 509 BC, Rome became a Republic.
Punic Wars
In 146 B.C., Roman soldiers sacked Carthage.
Fifty thousand men, women, and children were sold into slavery.
The territory of Carthage became a Roman province called
Africa.
Influences on Rome
Greek:
Literature
Alphabet
Architecture


Etruscans:
Toga
Organized army

Expanding Empire
Punic Wars
Hannibal, the greatest Carthaginian general, began the Second Punic War, which lasted from 218 to 201 B.C.
Hannibal entered Spain, crossed the
Alps
with a large army, including 37 battle
elephants.

At the
Battle of Cannae
, Rome lost almost forty thousand men.
At the
Battle of Zama
, Rome crushed Hannibal’s forces.
Spain became a Roman province!

Romans:
Spoke Latin
First Republic

Rome began to expand all across the Italian peninsula thus creating the Roman Empire
-Against Carthage
-Three over a 120 year period (264-146 BC)
ROME WON ALL THREE!!
-Rome takes over ALL former Carthaginian territory in Western Mediterranean
First Punic War was a conflict over Sicily
Rome gained control of Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica.

Punic Wars
Why was Rome successful???
They believed in
duty, courage, and discipline
.
They were good
diplomats
; they gained support by giving the people they conquered Roman citizenship & allowing them to run their own affairs.
They had an excellent
military
.
They built roads connecting place to place and allowing
quick movement of troops
.
They were practical; they weren’t trying to be perfect.

Social Structure of Rome
Roman society was divided between two classes of citizens:
1) Rich Romans =
Patricians
; aristocratic or wealthy Members of Senate, elected Consuls

2) Poor Romans =
Plebeians
; common people
Eventually allowed to elect Tribune (official who had the right to veto laws)
Government officials were not above the law.
Rome’s first code of law: “Twelve Tables”
“Innocent until proven guilty”
right to challenge accusers in court
Judge can throw out unfair or inequitable laws
This system ONLY applied to Roman citizens.
Later led to the development of the “Law of Nations”
Roman Laws
From Republic to Empire
The Roman Senate was very important and controlled the government.
1.) Growing
inequalities
between the patricians and plebeians.
2.)Generals begin to have a great deal of power in Rome.
A government of three people with equal power.
Julius Caesar
Crassus
Pompey
Crassus dies in battle & the Senate votes for Pompey to be in charge.
Julius Caesar ignores them all and marches to Rome where he becomes DICTATOR!
The First Triumvirate (JCP)
The Senate does not like Caesar at all. They decide to kill him together.
Ides of March (March 15th) 44BC

After Caesar died, 3 more struggled for power.
Antony (Cleopatra’s Lover)
Lepidus (he died fast)
Octavian (Caesar’s nephew)
Octavian & Antony soon clash. Antony was allied with Cleopatra but was defeated. They committed suicide together.
Octavian was given the title of Augustus, which means the “the revered one” and imperator.

The Second Triumvirate (AOL)
Octavian
Bad Roman Emperors
After Augustus, four Roman emperors ruled that were not fit to rule Rome.
NERO (54-68 AD) murdered his wife and mother burned Christians alive; Committed suicide
These emperors focused solely on
themselves and not on the Roman people.

Although, he gave some power to the Senate, Octavian became the first Roman EMPEROR!

The early Empire (during this time emperors picked their successors form their own family
Next came 5 emperors called the “
good emperors.
” They picked successors who were “fit” to rule. They helped poor people. This is when the empire was at its BEST!

Pax Romana
Galba Otho Vitellius
Nero
Full transcript