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Theories and Treatment of Abnormality: Psychological Approaches- part2
Transcript of Theories and Treatment of Abnormality: Psychological Approaches- part2
Approaches Theories and Treatment of Abnormality stress of pressure from society and family can develop rigid and distorted perspective of the self Psychology is the science of engineering behavior. Humanistic Approaches The humanistic theorists recognized that we often are not aware of the forces shaping our behavior once people recognized these forces and became freer to direct their own lives, they would naturally make good choices and be happier without undue pressure from others, individuals naturally move toward personal growth, self- acceptance, and self-actualization How does abnormality develop? conflict between ideal self and real self can lead to emotional distress, unhealthy behaviors, and even loss of touch with reality humans have an innate capacity for goodness and for living a full life help clients discover their greatest potential through self-exploration Family Systems Approaches family system can function well and promote the well-being of its members, supporting their growth and accepting their change many young girls who develop eating disorders are members of enmeshed families you cannot help an individual without treating the entire family system that created and is maintaining the individual’s problems Behavioral Family Systems Therapy The form of individual’s psychopathology is dependent on the complex interactions among the family’s cohesiveness, adaptability to change, and communication style family is a complex interpersonal system, with its own hierarchy and rules that govern family members’ behavior targets family communication and problem solving, be- liefs of parents and adolescents that impede communication, and systemic barriers to problem solving Psychology is the science of engineering behavior. Emotion-Focused Approaches poor regulation of emotions as being at the core of many types of psychopathology, including depression, anxiety, substance abuse, and most personality disorders combine techniques from behavioral and cognitive therapy with mindfulness practices derived from Zen Buddhism to help individuals accept, understand, and better regulate their emotions focus on people’s ability to understand and regulate their emotions end of part 2 environment can play a strong role in our happiness or unhappiness Humanistic Therapy Humanistic therapists do not push clients to uncover repressed painful memories or unconscious conflicts when clients are supported and empowered to grow, the clients eventually will face the past when necessary for their further development shows unconditional positive regard for the client and communicates an empathic understanding of the client’s underlying feelings and search for self Reflection is a method of responding in which the therapist expresses an attempt to understand what the client is experiencing and trying to communicate Client-centered Therapy psychological disorder is not a problem within the individual but an indication of a dysfunctional family system Family Systems Therapy the client might be the “identified patient” in the family, carrying the responsibility or blame for the dysfunction of the family system the term dialectical in dialectical behavior therapy refers to the constant tension between conflicting images or emotions in people prone to certain forms of psychopathology Dialectical Behavioral Therapy was developed to treat people with borderline personality disorder who were suicidal DBT has been adapted for the treatment of eating disorders