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Copy of U.S. Citizenship - Lesson 1

SS.7.C.2.1 Define the term “citizen,” and identify legal means of becoming a U.S. citizen.
by

Diayle Davis

on 9 August 2013

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Transcript of Copy of U.S. Citizenship - Lesson 1

U.S.
Citizenship

BENCHMARK
:
Define the term “citizen,”
and identify legal means of
becoming a U.S. citizen.
LEARNING GOALS:

•Students will define citizenship as stated in the Fourteenth Amendment.

•Students will describe the process of becoming a naturalized citizen.

•Students will evaluate the impact of the naturalization process on society, government, or the political process.

What does it mean to be a member of something?

How does it feel to be a member of something?
BRAINSTORMING
MEMBER
MEANING
OF
"MEMBER"
FEELINGS
ASSOCIATED
WITH BEING
A MEMBER
Being a citizen of the United States means, in a way, that you are “members” of this country.

What does it mean to be a “member” of the U.S.?

How does it compare to being a member of something else (like a baseball team, church group, or a school)?
What does the image represent?

How do you know?

What does this image have to do with U.S. citizenship?”
analyze and discuss
ANALYZE AND DISCUSS
What does the image represent?

How do you know?

What does this image have to do with U.S. citizenship?”
ANALYZE AND DISCUSS
What does the image represent?

How do you know?

What does this image have to do with U.S. citizenship?”
14th Amendment (Section 1)
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
The 14th Amendment is a very important amendment that defines what it means to be a U.S. citizen and protects certain rights of the people. The Citizenship Clause gives individuals born in the United States – but especially at that time, African Americans – the right to citizenship. Before the 14th amendment, African Americans could not become citizens, and this limited the rights of those who were able to escape slavery and become free. This clause allows all people born in the United States to be U.S. citizens. Once you have American citizenship, it cannot be taken from you by Congress or other authorities, unless you lie to the government during the process to get U.S. citizenship. Otherwise, everyone who becomes an American citizen stays an American citizen, unless they give it up themselves.
WHAT DOES IT MEAN?!?!
How would you
define the word
"citizen"?
What are three ways of becoming
a citizen of the U. S.?
by birth:
“jus solis”, which translates to “law of soil”
by birth:
“jus sanguine”, which translates to “law of blood”
by naturalization:
A person who is not born a U.S. citizen may become a citizen through the naturalization process. The U.S. Congress has the power to make naturalization laws for the United States.
A person born in the U.S. (or a location under U.S. control such as a U.S. military base overseas) is a citizen by “law of soil” .
U.S. citizens who become citizens through “law of blood” are those whose biological parent is a U.S. citizen.
Immigrants seeking to become naturalized citizens, one must meet the following conditions:

a) The person is over 18 years old

b) Must have been a resident of the United States for five years, without leaving for more than 30 months combined and for no more than 12 consecutive months throughout the five-year period.

c) Must file a petition for naturalization

d) Must take an examination that shows that they can read, speak and write English, and demonstrate knowledge of American history and the U.S. Constitution.

e) Must be able to prove that they are of good moral character

f) Two U.S. citizens must confirm that the citizenship applicant will be a good citizen and will be loyal to the U.S.

Once a-f above has been met, the citizenship applicant must take the Oath of Allegiance.
Oath of Allegiance
"I hereby declare, on oath, that I absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty of whom or which I have heretofore been a subject or citizen; that I will support and defend the Constitution and laws of the United States of America against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I will bear arms on behalf of the United States when required by the law; that I will perform noncombatant service in the Armed Forces of the United States when required by the law; that I will perform work of national importance under civilian direction when required by the law; and that I take this obligation freely without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; so help me God."
What does it mean to be a resident?
Resident:
someone who lives in a place for a minimum period of time.
Full transcript