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Morality Chapter 7
Transcript of Morality Chapter 7
Keeping the commandments is essential to following Jesus.
When asked what was the greatest commandment, Jesus taught love God above all else and then love one's neighbor as oneself. Love fulfills the law and summarizes the first three commandments The Third Commandment Remember to keep holy the Lord's day The First Commandment and the Theological Virtues You shall not take the name of the Lord, your God, in vain
Yahweh --> "I Am who I Am"
stresses God's mysterious nature and perfect holiness
Respecting His name, we show respect for the mystery of God himself. The Ten Commandments are often termed as the "Decalogue"
They were revealed to Moses by God.
Found in the books of Exodus and Deuteronomy. The Church has always viewed the Ten Commandments as a loving response to God's special favor, not a list of burdensome obligations.
Keeping the commandments is not optional, but a grave obligation because they teach us the specific requirements of love.
The commandments are a way of life. You shall worship the Lord your God and Him only shall you serve. The first commandment teaches us to accept the one true God of love who has created us in his image out of love, rescued us from sin, won for us eternal life, and bestowed on us the gift of the Holy Spirit who empowers us to live Christ-like lives.
The theological virtues (faith, hope, love) enables us to related to God and carry out this divine command Faith The theological virtue that empowers us to say "yes" to God simply because of his divine authority and trustworthiness.
OT-->Abraham and his son
NT--> Mary, Mother of God, and Jesus Strengthen the virtue of faith through various practices Prayer
Read the Bible
Celebrate the Sacraments
Study your faith
Associate and listen to people of faith
Put your faith into action. Temptations and Sins that Destroy our Faith Voluntary Doubt --> which ignores or refuses to believe what God has revealed or what the Church teaches us to believe.
Incredulity --> which either neglects revealed truth or willfully refuses to assent to it.
Heresy --> the outright denial by baptized persons of some essential truth of Catholic faith we must believe. Apostasy --> the total rejection of Christian faith.
Schism --> the refusal to submit to the pope's authority or remain in union with members of the Catholic Church Hope The theological virtue of hope is intimately related to the virtue of faith.
Hope gives us confidence that God keeps all his promises, especially his promise to bless us with eternal happiness in heaven if we live a good life united to Jesus. Saint Monica Wonderful model of hope who prayed for years for the conversion of her brilliant son.
St. Monica never wavered in believing and hoping that her son would one day turn to Christ and embrace him. Ways to Violate the Virtue of Hope The first is through despair, that is, losing hope that God can save us, give us help to attain heaven, or forgive our sins.
Despair insults God's goodness, justice, and mercy.
Despair says that God is not faithful to his promises. Presumption, on the other hand, comes in two forms.
In one form, it takes for granted that we can save ourselves without God's help.
It is a proud "going at it alone" philosophy in which we believe that we really don't need God.
In the other form, one who is presumptuous expects that God will automatically be merciful even if one does not repent.
Presumptuous people arrogantly want "forgiveness without conversion and glory without merit." Charity "Mother of all virtues."
Use of "love"
in place of like/sexual desire/friendship
Caritas --> Charity
root word for heart in the sense of "holding someone close to one's heart"
God loves us, we must also love:
love God above everything else
love out neighbors We learn how to love from the perfect example of Jesus Christ:
Rooting out sin
hatred of God Avoiding Offenses Against the First Commandment Idolatry the worship of false gods
All-to-human tendency to take a created good and turn it into god.
Elevation of the state or racial purity as their god
The pursuit of money, power, popularity, pleasure, or sex. Superstition, Divination, and Magic Superstition A false religious practice that claims certain external acts or practices (the presence of certain objects or the recitation of certain words) can automatically bring about the desired outcome independent of God's will or ones own interior disposition, like a faithful or loving heart. Divination Seeks to unveil what God wants hidden (occult).
calling up the power of Satan and demons
conjuring up the dead
Black magic (not illusionists/entertainment) Irreligion This offense leads to the sins of tempting God, sacrilege, and simony.
sacrilege --> profane or unworthy treatment of the sacraments; other liturgical actions; and persons, places, and things consecrated to God
simony --> The buying or selling of spiritual goods
We tempt God, in word or deed, when we ask God to prove his almighty power or goodness.
Satan in the desert Atheism and Agnosticism Atheism
denies God's existence
God's existence cannot be proven
decides not to decide
a belief that deifies humanity and human potential to the exclusion of any belief in or reliance on God
a belief that the physical, material world is the only reality, and that spiritual existence, values, and faith are illusions Avoiding Offenses Against the Second Commandment Breaking promises made in God's name
"swear to God"
hateful, defiant, reproachful thoughts, words, or acts against God, Jesus, his Church, the saints, or holy things
Taking the Lord's name in vain
swearing Stresses the values of play and prayer on the Sabbath day
The use of the Sabbath day to praise, worship, and adore a God who covenanted with the Chosen People by freeing them from slavery in Egypt and who covenants with all people in his Son, Jesus Christ
Sabbath is Sunday
commemorates Easter and begins the week
Going to mass
presence supports and encourages our fellow believers
Receive the Lord in holy communion.