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The Modern Time Period in British Literature
Transcript of The Modern Time Period in British Literature
Priscilla, Amanda & Robyn
The Edwardian Period: 1901-1914
Influence on Literarue
World War I: 1914-1918
Influence on Society
Styles Of Writing
After the death of Queen Victoria, the period covering the reign of King Edward the VII (1901-1910)
1912- The sinking of the RMS Titanic
The Georgian Period: 1910-1936
Georgian Poets- A minor group of poets between 1912 and 1922
Marked a time when the British Empire was at it's height, the wealthy lived luxorious lives
1901- The death of Queen Victoria
1914- Begining of "The Great War," starting with the assination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Writings of this era reflect and comment on the poor social conditions of 4/5 of the population
and Selected Works
H. G. Wells
Sudden and unexpected breaks from the traditional ways of viewing and interacting with the world
Postmodern Period: 1939-1945
Writers attacked the social injustices and the selfishness of the upper class
Named for the reign
of King George V
Society of the Time
More mobile and flexible clothing was needed to accomadate sporting
Women wore corsets and long skirts (This is last period in which women wore corsets in everyday situations)
Cared little for nature, being or overarching structures of history
Society of the Time
1920's (Post WWI)
1930's The Great Depression
E. M. Forster
William Butler Yeats
George Bernard Shaw
The Jungle Book, Captains Courageous
The War of Two Worlds, The Time Machine, The Invisible Man ,The Island of Dr. Moreau, The First Men in the Moon, A Modern Utopia
Science and Technology
World War II
Authors experimented with subject matter form and style
These poets tended to focus on rural subject matter and were traditional in technique and form
1908- Summer Olympic Games held in London
The mediocre period of pleasure between the great achievements of the Victorian era and the Great War
The Tale of Peter Rabbit
Intense study of the natural world, mostly wrote children's literature.
Considered the father of science fiction. His book, "The War of the Worlds," foreshadowed things to come for the human race, such as robotics, World Wars, advanced warfare tactics and nuclear weapons.
Besides science fiction novels, he wrote fiction and non, utopian and dystopian short stories, travel sketches, histories and socio-political commentaries.
Most of his works showed a bleak future for humanity.
In The Island of Dr. Moreau, he wrote of eugenicss, the ethics of scientific experimentation, Darwinism and religion.
"The Lost Generation"
Effects of World War I
Many restrictions to women disappeared in the Post-War Era
Britian emerged from the war financialy ruined, physically exausted and facing an extreme housing crisis.
However, they were optimistic about the prospects of building a new nation in which they could rectify mistakes of the past.
Animal Farm, 1984
Mostly wrote short stories and poetry
While working for the Indian Imperial Police, he grew to love the Burmese and resent imperialism
He emersed himself in poverty while living in London
A proponent for socialism, he wrote for the common man and purposely became a tramp on the streets of London. He learned the disparity of the classes.
C. S. Lewis
The Screwtape Letters, The Chronicles of Narnia, Miracles, The Great Divorce
Queen Elizabeth coronated: 1953
Experienced a rapid increase in literacy rates
"Boiling language down to its absolute essence."
Authors of imagery wanted poetry to concentrate entirely upon the "thing" itself.
Short, unrhymed, and sparse in adjectives and adverbs; at some points the lines become blurred between poetry and natural language.
1910- King Edward dies
1917- Bolsheviks create communist revolution in Russia
1918- Massive flu epidemic hits Britian
1918- *Le End of WWI
1919- Exclusion of women from many jobs made illegal
1919- First lady in Parliment, Lady Astor
1920- Women allowed to earn degrees in Oxford
1921- British unemployment reaches a post-war high of 2.5 Million
1922- Irish Civil War breaks out
1926- John Logie Baird gives first public demonstration of television
1927- BBC Created
1928- All women over the age of 21 get the vote
1928- First "talkie" is shown in Britian
1928- Alexander Fleming discovers Penicilin
1929- Wall Street Crash causes Great Depression
1931- Mohandas Gandhi agrees to suspend civil disobedience in India
Nations wanting independance:
1934- Scottish Nationalist Party founded to fight for an independaant Scotland
"The Prophet of British Imperialism in it's expansionist phase."
The Wind in the Willows, The Golden Age
Established children's author
Said to have crippled Britian psychologically more than economically
A census after the war was taken in which there were 1.72 million more women than men
Posion gas and aerial bombing of civilians were new developments
The first time that more men had died from battle rather than disease
Cynicism in writing
Life is without objective meaning or purpose
Also a time to experience nihilism in perspectives and beliefs
A way of approaching traditional ideas and practices in non-traditional ways
There is no absolute truth and the way that the world is perceived is subjective
Attacks binary classification: for instance, male versus female, gay versus straight...etc.
To the Lighthouse, A Room of One's Own
Feminist. Wrote in stream-of-consciousness.
The following film contains suprising language and due to it's content, should be viewed by no one.
Some viewer discretion is advised...
Typhoon, The Secret Agent, Heart of Darkness, Lord Jim
Imagery and Symbolism of the contrast between good and evil
A Room With a View, Howard's End, Where Angels Fear to Tread, The Longest Journey
Importance of connection between ourselves, each other and the world at large
An Unsocial Socialist, The Irrational Knot, The Revolutionist's Handbook and Pocket Companion
Extreme socialistic views, wrote many plays
The Book of Dragons, Beautiful Stories from Shakespeare, Five Children and It
Socialist, Involved in the Fabian society, most famous for her children's stories
His books are considered the most important political and social commentaries of the time. He wrote of povery, totalitarianism, and colonialism. Often times his works were semi-autobiographical
Kitchen Sink Realism- A British cultural movement in which the participants were named "Angry young Men"
Used social realsim to depict domestic situations of the working class to explore social issues and political controversies
J. R. R. Tolkein
The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings
Member of the Inkling group
1952- Ian Fleming creates James Bond
The Inkling group- an informal literary discussion group associated with the English dept. at Oxford.
Leading Novelists: Tolkein and Lewis
His wartime radio broadcasts on Christianity brought him widespread fame
His work ranges from fantasy, science fiction, Christian apologetics and children's literature
He converted to Christianity later in life. His book "Mere Christianity" was voted the best Christian book of the 20th Century
Considered the "The Apostle to the Skeptics"
Thriller and Mystery novels gain popularity
Cloth was in short supply, so women began wearing knee length skirts and stopped wearing stockings. Leg makeup was used to give the appearance. Some women would use eyebrow pencils to draw a fake seam on their legs.
The Ambassadors, The Turn of the Screw, Portrait of a Lady
Commented on Politics, Class and Status
Women also wore scarves in their hair or wore short haircuts to keep it out of the machinery.
The begining of "Simple fashion"
Caused much physical and pschyological damage to Britian
Advanced weaponery used
Emergence of Communist and Totalarian Nations
End of the United Kingdom's role as a superpower
The Celtic Twilight
Mostly wrote poetry, most of his works draw heavily on Irish mythology
The Inimitable Jeeves
Created the characters Wooster and Jeeves and wrote a series about them