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Body Image

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Tharnigaa Manoharan

on 24 November 2016

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Transcript of Body Image

Philosophy of Body Image & the Media
By : Tharnigaa, Thibaash & Anojiha
Our Hypothesis
Body image is the mental picture you have of your body - what it looks like, what you believe about it, and how you feel about your body. Self-esteem is the "real" opinion you have of yourself. Media changes the value and respect you have as a person. It has a direct effect on how you take care of yourself, emotionally, physically and spiritually.
How Does Media Effect You Mentally
Self Esteem
is how we value ourselves;
it is composed of two parts
The unconditional self-valuing part is our self-worth.
The conditional self-valuing part is our self-confidence.
The most important part is the self-worth

This is how we perceive our value to the world and how valuable we think we are to others.
Self-esteem affects our trust in others, our relationships, our work – nearly every part of our lives.
Positive self-esteem gives us the strength and flexibility to take charge of our lives and grow from our mistakes
without the fear of rejection.
Self Confidence
Self-confidence is an attitude which allows individuals to have positive yet realistic views of themselves and their situations.

Self-confident people trust their own abilities, have a general sense of control in their lives, and believe that, within reason, they will be able to do what they wish, plan, and expect.

Self-confident people have expectations that are realistic and are able to be positive and accepting of themselves.
Make a commitment to be true to yourself and your values.
Know yourself
Accept yourself
Appreciate your gifts
Tell the truth- even if its uncomfortable or even painful.
Be willing to change and grow
Forgive yourself and others
Be bold, courageous and express your unique self!
Self Respect
Adhere to values
Keep promises
Ask but never beg
Never escape
How Does Media Affect You Physically
Bulimia Nervosa
Anorexia Nervosa
Binge Eating Disorder
Only 1 in 10 people with eating disorders receive treatment

About 80% of the girls/women who have accessed care for their eating disorders do not get the intensity of treatment they need to stay in recovery

Treatment of an eating disorder in the US ranges from $500 per day to $2,000 per day

The average cost for a month of inpatient treatment is $30,000

It is estimated that individuals with eating disorders need anywhere
from 3 – 6 months of inpatient care.

Health insurance companies for several reasons do not typically
cover the cost of treating eating disorders

The cost of outpatient treatment, including therapy and medical
monitoring, can extend to $100,000 or more
Body Dysmorphic Disorder
- mental illness

- imagined physical defect or a minor defect that others often cannot see
- see themselves as "ugly" and often avoid social exposure to others
-turn to plastic surgery to try to improve their appearance

- leads to eating disorders and O.C.D.
- person with an eating disorder worries about weight and the shape of the entire body, while a person with BDD is concerned about a specific body part

- psychosocial treatment of choice is cognitive behavioral therapy
- Out of 100 % who get effected by media
90% are women and 10% are male
- 69% of girls say magazine models influence their ideas of a perfect body shape
- the avg person is exposed to 5000 ads per day
-the avg women 5`4 and weighs 140 pounds
- the avg model 5`11 and weighs 117 pounds

More than half of the girls engage in ...
4)Skipping Meals
1/3 of guys engage in ......
1)Drug abuse (steroids)
3)Work Out
Film & Tv
Ads & Magazine
The Cold Hard Facts
A 2009 study found that girls who were unhappy with their bodies- whether they were genuinely overweight or not- were significantly more at risk for attempting suicide.
60% of girls report they compare their own bodies to images of fashion models.
Contributing Factors

-Cultural messages
– media, social norms, broader society
-Social messages
– family and friends
-Personal characteristics of the individual
Going Deeper
These factors can be further broken down into:
DEECD suggests schools invite parents to information sessions
Buddy programs to look after one another, cross age/level groups
'Everything has beauty, but not everyone sees it.' - Confucius
'Everything has beauty, but not everyone sees it.' - Confucius
Going Deeper
Growing up with dieting parents or one was unhappy with their own shape
Advertising campaigns
and media coverage
featuring idealized male
Promotion by society of the ideal me as always being strong, lean and muscular
A culture tendency to judge people by their appearance
Peer Pressure among friends can be tough and hard to not to listen
Ana Carolina Reston
- May 29, 1985 - November 15, 2006
- Occupation : Brazilian Fashion model
- Hometown : Brazil
- Height : 5'8"
- Eating Disorders : Anorexia, Bulimia Nervosa
- Lowest weight : 88 lbs
- Starved herself to death
Throughout history, the standard of female beauty often has been unrealistic and difficult to attain. Those with money and higher socioeconomic status were far more likely to be able to conform to these standards. Women typically were willing to sacrifice comfort and even endure pain to achieve them.
Timeline of the 20th Century
Small waist was still in fashion. A health corset was worn tightly. Also, pushed the bust forward and the hips back, creating an 'S' shape.
Women started to get active and athletic. Physical fitness introduced a slender shape in fashion. Corset were out of fashion and brassiere were worn.
Slightly curvier figure with a bigger bust and wanted slim hips. Women brought in the corset back in 1930s. Then a 'girdle' - a bra and attached garters.
Body image is the mental representation we create of what we think we look like; it may or may not bear a close relation to how others actually see us. It is subject to all kinds of distortion from internal elements like our emotions, moods, early experiences, attitudes of our parents, and much more. Nevertheless, it strongly influences behavior. Preoccupation with and distortions of body image are widespread among American women (less so among males), but they are driving forces in eating disorders, feeding severe anxiety than can be assuaged only by dieting.
Physiological Perspective
Maslow`s Hierarchy of Needs
This Step
Natural look was in fashion and the "Hippie" look was in style. But, women still wanted small waist, hips and large breast. Then after a while, toned skin was popular.
- Guys are strong, sexual, into cars, one track mind. (Girls)
Females, pink ladies, petite, superficial, into pampering themselves, top priority being boys.
Women started to work out for a fit body shape. Diet and exercising were fairly common. They wanted a muscular body, but with nice curves.
Family Influences & Patterns - relationship between eating disorders and parents with alcoholism/substance abuse, sexual abuse and overweight/obesity in family

Cultural Pressures - societal pressures/messages, “Barbie” & super models, unrealistic appearance for advertisers

Childhood Abuse - sexual abuse is linked to eating disorders

Addictive Behaviors - "self medication" with drugs/alcohol,
high risk behaviors, sexual acting out, drama, and codependency

Tie to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Amygdale, Cortisol,
and adrenal fatigue

Hormonal Abnormalities - stress response, brain processes

Weight losing became popular. Women wanted to be tall, skinny with big breast. Women still used lingerie to help get the body shape they want, including corsets, body-shapers, control tights, push-up bras and magic knickers.
Thinness is the ultimate body shape goal. Women nowadays do plastic surgery, gastric reductions and radical diets to get skinny.
Nature Vs Nuture
BODY IMAGE: Discussion
What is one thing you would change about your body ?
In Conclusion ...
We need to change societies definition of beauty


Beauty isn't defined By media and what we see in magazines.
Extreme emotional attitude and behavior surrounding food and body weight issues. If left untreated they have serious consequences on health, productivity, and relationships
Some of the factors that contribute to a negative body image include:
By establishing unattainable standards of beauty and bodily perfection, the media drive ordinary people to dissatisfaction with their body images. This dissatisfaction can result in resorts to drastic measures, and even disorders of behavior, as people try to achieve these unreachable goals
What is Body Image ?
Media messages expressing that “thin is in” may not directly cause eating disorders, but they create the context in which people learn to place a value on the size and shape of their body. To the extent that media messages like advertising and celebrity spotlights help our culture define what is beautiful and what is “good.” The media’s power over our development of self-esteem and body image can be incredibly strong.
Media's Thoughts
I don't care what people think .......
But You Do ......
Normative Social Influence =
influence resulting from a person's desire to gain approval or avoid disapproval sensitive to social norms
Informational Social Influence =
influence resulting from one’s willingness to accept others’ opinions about reality
is how we value ourselves
http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/1999-02140-000 [accessed 19/11/16]
http://au.reachout.com/causes-of-negative-body-image [accessed 19/11/16]
http://guilfordjournals.com/doi/abs/10.1521/jscp.2000.19.2.220 [accessed 19/11/16]
http://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/body-image [accessed 19/11/16]
http://www.beautyredefined.net/photoshopping-altering-images-and-our-minds/ [accessed 19/11/16]
http://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/talk/body_image.html [accessed 19/11/16]
http://ehlt.flinders.edu.au/education/DLiT/2006/bodyimage/Impact%20of%20Body%20Image.htm [accessed 19/11/16]
http://www.healthyweightnetwork.com/size1.htm [accessed 19/11/16]
http://www.webmd.com/beauty/style/helping-girls-with-body-image [accessed 19/11/16]

Class Discussion
Who says who is beautiful?
Below are pictures of Titanic actress Kate Winslet. GQ magazine used clever technology to stretch the photograph, thereby giving the illusion of longer legs and a smaller dress size
List all the reasons why you think GQ did this.
How do you feel about companies doing this?

Plato believed aesthetics:
- were an ingredient property within things
- were defined by a property
of the whole object
- as opposed to our social media, were structured and related t intelligence
Hume believed aesthetics:
- were feeling of approbation, and an original, simple impression of the mind
could not be constructed by an individual from other ideas
- would not occur in the absence of taste
Nietzsche sought to rehabilitate aesthetics and claim the neglected field to be a higher form of philosophy
He saw aesthetics came as an afterthought
Isolated two fundamental necessary conditions for a judgment to be a judgement of tastes :
subjectivity and universality

- saw judgement of taste based on a feeling of pleasure or displease; this is what distinguishes a judgement of taste from an empirical judgement

- saw a judgement of taste as something that people demand agreement of from others; he thought one would want others to share his judgement
The average person is exposed to 5000 ads per day
Top Magazine articles focus on appearance
and beauty cosmetics

Models have gotten thinner, ad in result so has our society

Models change the perception of how young girls perceive the perfect body, and in turn girls then do drastic things to their bodies to ensure that they look that way

Eating disorders have the highest mortality rate of any mental illness
5 – 10% of anorexics die within 10 years after contracting the disease
18-20% of anorexics will be dead after 20 years
30 – 40% ever fully recover
The mortality rate associated with anorexia nervosa is 12 times higher than the death rate of ALL causes of death for females 15 – 24 years old.

20% of people suffering from anorexia will prematurely die from complications related to their eating disorder, including suicide and heart problems
Mortality Rate
1 Million males are struggling with an eating disorder
4% of grade 9 and 10 boys reported using steroids.
25% of boys were teased about their weight
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