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Causes of the Civil War

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Josie-Tatum Mattox

on 31 January 2014

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Transcript of Causes of the Civil War

Important Leaders
Abraham Lincoln (16th President)
General Robert E. Lee (Confederate)
General Ulysses S. Grant (Union)
Jefferson Davis
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Fort Sumter
Battle of Gettysburg
Sherman's March to the Sea
the Atlanta Campaign
Appomattox Court House

Because majority of the war was taken place in the South, it was destroyed. The southeren states combined back with the North and they were called The United States. Some people from the North traveled down to the South to help them rebuild. During the time of reconstruction, President Abraham Lincoln was assinated by John Wilkes Booth, and slavery was finally abolished because of the 13th ammendment.
Causes of the Civil War
States' Rights
Uncle Tom's Cabin
John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry
Slavery was a major issue in the South. The South had an agriculture economy while the North was more industrial. The land owners didn't have enough workers, so they bought slaves. It was hard labor. In the North, most people believed that slavery was cruel and unfair.
A tariff is a tax. The federal government was making Southerners pay high tariffs on imported and exported goods. All of the money was sent to the North to help the factories run. Because the money was sent up North, the people in the South never got to see the impact their money made. this made the Southerners furious.
The southern states believed they should have more power than the federal government. If the states had more power, slavery could expand over the entire country. The northern states wanted the federal government to have most of the power.
States' Rights
Uncle Tom's Cabin was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. She wrote this book to show the cruelty of slavery. This book made more people want to abolish slavery. President Abraham Lincoln told Harriet Beecher Stowe "You're the little lady that started the Civil War"
Uncle Tom's Cabin
John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry
John Brown was a famous abolitionist. He believed that if he could arm slaves, they would be able to fight their masters. On October 16, 1859, John Brown and 21 other men raided a federal arsenal. He didn't succeed. During the raid, he was captured, and he was later tried and handed on December 2, 1859.
Abraham Lincoln
During this time, he was the 16th President of the United States. He supported the North. While the war was still going, he attempted to abolish slavery by writing the Emancipation Proclamation.
Robert E. Lee
Robert E. Lee was a Confederate general who surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant after 4 long years of war.
He surrendered at the Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia.
Ulysses S. Grant
He was the Union general during the war. General Lee surrendered to him in Virginia.
Major Events or Battles
Fort Sumter
This was the first battle in the Civil War. The Confederate army surrounded the fort and fired in. The Union finally had to surrendered, and this was the start of a bloody battle.
Battle of Gettysburg
Jefferson Davis
When the South succeded
from the North, they elected Jefferson Davis as President.
He was the first and only President of the Confederate States.
Thomas ''Stonewall'' Jackson
He was a Confederate general who was there in the Battle of Bull Run. A journalist spotted him on a hill, and he was as still as a stone. That's where he gets his nickname.
Most people recall to this battle to the turning point of the war. The Confederate had recieved victory after victory in the previous battles. but the Union pulled through and won this battle. It was a major win for them. There were actually two battles on this battlefield.
Sherman's March to the Sea
William T. Sherman was a Union general who traveled with miltia all throughout the south. They used the method total war. As they traveled, they burned supplies, killed cattle, and destroyed the railroads. The group traveled down to Savannah and back up to the North.
General Sherman
The Atanta Campaign
The Union claimed a victory at this battle. General Sherman and the miltia burnt this city to the ground. When the Confederate finally surrendered, General Sherman sent a telegraph to President Lincoln that stated, "'Atlanta is ours and fairly won.''
the Appomattox Court House
On April 9, 1865 infront of the Appomattox Court House in Virginia, General Lee had to surrendered due to the loss of soldiers and supplies. The Union had finally won, and the war was over!
The Civil War
By: Josie-Tatum Mattox
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