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Computerized Grading System

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Mark Christian Tan

on 9 March 2016

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Transcript of Computerized Grading System

Computerized Grading System

Introduction
Claro M. Recto ICT High School is a small public school in Angeles City, Pampanga. It was established 8 years ago and is utilizing the manual system in almost all phases of their school work.

It contains small staff of teachers and personnel. There are teachers handling as much as 4 to 13 class, aside for being a class adviser and area coordinator. Majority of the teachers handle 2 to 3 different grade levels.

Developing a Computerized Grading System for CMRICTHS would make the task of recording and computing grades easier for the teachers. This will not only benefit the teachers of the school but will also benefit the students because of the improvement in the accuracy of calculations and in the proficiency and productivity of the teachers.

Research Design
This part of the study involves the methods and procedures used in order to new insights with the existing problem and to discover answer to questions through the application of scientific procedures.

Profile of the Respondents
Below is the table that shows the Frequency and Percentage Distribution of the respondent’s profile.

Scope and Delimitations:
The scope of this study is the advancement of manual system, as well as to improve grading management of teachers in Microsoft Excel. This is to focus on former, and recent grading systems.
The study will present how modern technology affected the school grading management of a certain school. And not all the things which are impossible will be implemented. For this matter, the researchers will develop an online records management system for our school. This will be done for the betterment and enhancement of the school.

CHAPTER 3:
METHODOLGY AND SYSTEM DESIGN
This chapter outlines the research design, population, locale and instrument utilized in the study. It also discusses the method that the researcher utilized in the development of the system. It also presents the research design, respondents, sampling technique, instruments, preparation and validation of the instrument, data gathering procedures statistical as well as analytical tools that the researcher will use in the study.
Data Gathering Tools
The researcher used the following tools in order to gather data necessary for the proposed system:
RESULTS OF THE SURVEY
Statement of the Problems
1. What is the current status of the School Grading System at CMRICTHS?
Objectives:
1. To organize a system that will be used instead current School Grading System at CMRICTHS which in manual form and needs to be develop more.
Significance:

Teachers
would be able to record and compute for the grades of their students faster thereby lessening their workload and providing them with added time to attend to other functions. This in turn would improve their efficiency as teachers.
Scope:
• Security
Delimitations:
Interview
An Interview is defined as method of data gathering in which a person involved in the business process meets with prospective users wherein the researcher or the interviewer asks questions to gather some or lot of information from the interviewee. Mostly of the interviewees are generally current users of the existing system or might be the potential users of the proposed software. Because of these the researchers are able to explore more areas of understanding and expectations in the proposed system.

Observation
Observation is a technique that will be needed as an additional to the questionnaire. It is the main source of information in the field research. The researcher goes in the field observes the conditions in their natural state and obtains first-hand information about how activities are conducted. This method is very helpful to the researchers because they could actually observe how learning is gained and how the ideas and information are being taught to the students.

Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
2. Does the evaluation of grades takes too much time?
3. Can a duplicitous person easily access or alter the important grade records?
4. What system that needs to be developed to ensure data security and consistency?
2. To generate a system that will reduce the time involved in evaluating grade reports.
3. To secure each information going and out of the system for reliable and accurate reports.
4. To create a Computerized Grading System
for CMRICTHS.

Students
can now look forward to better lesson since their teachers would have added time to prepare for them their
lesson plans.


• Transaction
• Modify Records
• Accessibility
• Generate Records
• Database
• Limited User
• Restore
• Limited Transactions
Descriptive Research Method
Descriptive research is used to obtain information concerning the current status of the phenomenon to describe “what exists” with respect to variables or conditions in a situation. The objective of this method is to seek the truth from the current environment which varies in forms such as amplified extent knowledge.

Prognostic Research
According to thesiswork.com, Prognostic Research refers to any scientific investigation in which the main and stated purpose is to predict the future operation of factors investigated, so that inevitable things that must be done maybe controlled more intelligently on the basis of knowledge about the analyzed trend of the occurrence over definitely selected period of time.
The researchers used this method in order to evaluate whether the proposed system will be practical to use in the next generation or different kind of standards must be undertaken in order for the study to be more profitable to the society in the next ages to come.

Respondent of the Study
The proponents choose the Claro M. Recto Information and Communication Technology High School as a source for respondents in this study. The students in CMRICTHS from different year levels: Grade 10, Grade 9, Grade 8, and Grade 7. Other that the students, the proponents also selected school personnel such as the teacher-in-charge and teachers. Only students and staffs form this school were considered respondents of the study.

According to socialresearchmethods.net, Sampling is the process of the selecting units (e.g., people, organizations) from a population of interest so that by studying the sample we may fairly generalize our results back to the population from which they were chosen.

The population of Claro M. Recto Information and Communication Technology High School is approximately 500+ excluding the faculty staff and school personnel. Our target is to have 10% of the population as a respondent. Thus, the assumed sample size for the study is 50 respondents which consist of: 50 students comprising from the different year levels.


Sampling method and technique

Population and Locale of the Study
The respondents in this study will be the students and teachers of CMRICTHS who are using manual system in evaluating grading systems.
The study will be conducted in CMRICTHS where the proposed system will be implemented. Likewise, the school is equipped with the necessary facilities and equipment to facilitate the said system.

As presented in the table, the data shows the different sections in CMRICTHS. It is shown that 100% of the student’s population, the respondensts, is in their early adolescence. Thus, the respondents are the right people to be part of the evaluation process of the study.
As shown in the table, there are eight (8) student respondents or 16% are in Grade 10, fifteen (15) or 30% are in Grade 9, eighteen (18) or 36% are in Grade 8 and lastly, nine (9) or 18% are in Grade 7.
It can be said that the majority of the student respondents are in Grade 8 level and they are qualified respondents for the study since they can share and contribute knowledge for the improvement of the school.
Questionnaire
A questionnaire is a written list of questions to be answered. This is the main tool for information gathering. The form of question was a multiple-choice format. This type represents a question followed by a series of options pre-determined by the researcher or based on researches and thoroughly validated by the researcher’s adviser, panelists and trial respondents. The researcher also conducted an interview to the prospective users of the existing system to assess its process.
The first part of the questionnaire seeks to find out the respondents’ profile. While the second part of the questionnaire is asking the respondents if they have an idea about the CMRICTHS Computerized Grading System. Lastly, the questionnaire contains an assessment of the respondents about the existing and proposed system. Aside from that the questionnaire is also asking for any additional features that they would want to see in the proposed system.

Preparation of Instruments
The researchers prepared and formulated questionnaire/s and interview questions initially from the books, unpublished and published resources gathered from online resources.

The researchers submitted the questionnaire to the instructors for comments and other inputs. These people were not a part of the actual respondents to be used in the study. Instead they were asked to validate the questionnaire for clarity.

Validation of Instruments
The draft of the questionnaire was distributed to the trial respondents for content validation. Their comments and suggestions were considered for the improvement of the instrument. The initial set of questionnaires was distributed and an unstructured interview was conducted with the respondents to clarify the opinions that reflect in the questionnaire.


Data Gathering Procedures
Initially, the researcher asked permission to conduct the study. When were given the permission, we distributed the questionnaires to the respondents. The respondents were given ample time to answer the questions and said questionnaires were retrieved on that same day.

Software Development Methodology
There are number of reasons because of which ongoing project may stop. In order to overcome the hurdles in the future it is essential to make a brief study of the possibilities of the future problems and likewise steps must be taken for avoiding such problems. This will help the project to be carried on nonstop without any future hurdles and it also help to save time and money. Spiral model, is one such model which is useful in such situations where the future planning is essentials to eliminate the possible risks in the future. It helps to guide the risks that the project may face in the mere future and what steps should be taken to overcome such risks. The Spiral model has a unique process design which helps to eliminate the risks in the future.

The spiral model is one of the most realistic approaches which are very essential for the development of the large systems. By spiral model the developers can also apply the prototyping and the customer’s evolutions approach to make the project more unique and successful.
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