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Unit 3. SVA Edwards World History

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Jason Edwards

on 30 May 2013

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Transcript of Unit 3. SVA Edwards World History

ASSESSMENTS sample debates Free-Response Essay #8: Compare and contrast the role of nationalism in both creating nation-states and defining foreign policy in TWO of the following regions. (Germany, China, Japan, Egypt)

Free-Response Essay #9: Analyze the impact of war on civilians. Choose either World War I or World War II and compare it with one of the following conflicts. (Korean War, Vietnam War, Angola War, Nicaragua War, Bosnia / Kosovo War, Cambodia)

DBQ #6. To what extent did the Cold War affect the goals of leaders of decolonization movements and new nations in the 1950s and 1960s? What additional types of documents would help in answering this question? Free-Response Essay #7: Compare the Portuguese method of creating and maintaining empire with that of one of the following land-based empires. (Safavid Persia, Ottoman Empire, Mughal India)

DBQ #5. What are the similarities and differences in the motives claimed by leaders who supported independence movements in the Atlantic World in the late 18th and early 19th centuries? What additional document(s) would help you analyze their motives? Free-Response Essay #5: Compare and contrast the social, political and economic patterns of the TWO of the following civilizations. (Mayans, Aztecs, Incas)

Free-Response Essay #6: How does the world economic network of 1750 compare with that of 1000?

DBQ #4. Based on the following documents, evaluate attitudes about the role Native American labor served in the Spanish colonies in the Americas in the 16th and 17th centuries. Explain what kind of additional document(s) would help you evaluate these attitudes. Free-Response Essay #4: Compare and contrast the economic and political systems of two of the following regions between 700 and 1300 CE. (Russia, Byzantine Empire, Western Europe)

DBQ #3. Using the following documents, analyze the ways post-classical architecture and artwork served to reinforce the positions of the elites in societies, especially among the illiterate portions of the population. Explain what additional types of documents would help substantiate your argument. Free-Response Essay #2: Compare and contrast the economic and political choices made during the Tang/Song Era with those made during the first century of the Ming dynasty.

Free-Response Essay #3: Compare and contrast the economic and political effects of China on TWO of the following neighboring regions. (Korea, Japan, Vietnam)

DBQ #2. Based on the following documents, how did ancient cultures reinforce that women’s status was subordinate to men’s status? What evidence is there of women’s power or authority in these patriarchal societies? Explain what additional types of documents might be helpful in making these assessments. Free-Response Essay #1: Compare the development of political structures in China with those in India.

DBQ #1. How did classical Greece, Rome, and India conceive of slavery and the treatment of slaves? To what extent did race or ethnicity play a role? What additional types of documents might help assess the significance of slavery during the classical period? Describe the reading AP® enables students to pursue college-level studies while still in high school. Through more than 30 courses, each culminating in a rigorous exam, AP provides willing and academically prepared students with the opportunity to earn college credit, advanced placement or both. While multiple-choice questions are scored by machine, the free-response questions are scored by thousands of college faculty and expert AP teachers at the annual AP Reading. Scores on the free-response questions are weighted and combined with the results of the computer-scored multiple-choice questions, and this raw score is summed to give a composite AP score of 5, 4, 3, 2 or 1. AP Score Qualification:
5 = Extremely well qualified
4 = Well qualified
3 = Qualified
2 = Possibly qualified
1 = No recommendation Multiple-choice 70 questions 55 minutes
Document-based question 1 question 50 minutes
Change-over-time essay 1 question 40 minutes
Comparative essay 1 question 40 minutes What is Advanced Placement? The AP Exam: The DBQ: Sample Multiple Choice Question: Before 500 C.E. Judaism and Hinduism were similar in that both
(A)had written scriptures and an ethical code to live by
(B) spread widely around the Mediterranean
(C) promoted teachings about reincarnation
(D)advocated a monastic life and a rejection of the world Using the following documents, analyze similarities and differences in the mechanization of the cotton industry in Japan and India in the period from the 1880s to the 1930s. Identify an additional type of document and explain how it would help your analysis of the mechanization of the cotton industry. This question is designed to test your ability to work with and understand
historical documents. Write an essay that:
• Has a relevant thesis and supports that thesis with evidence from the documents.
• Uses all of the documents.
• Analyzes the documents by grouping them in as many appropriate ways as possible. Does not simply summarize the documents individually.
• Takes into account the sources of the documents and analyzes the authors’ points of view.
• Identifies and explains the need for at least one additional type of document.

You may (MUST) refer to relevant historical information not mentioned in the
documents. Summer Work: 1. Read Fareed Zacharia’s provocative book The Post-American World by August 13th.

2. Read chapters 1, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 10 in the textbook

3. Complete online work
- Read the chapter summary online
- Complete the Multiple
-Choice questions online and email results to teacher
- Complete the Short Answer questions online and email results to teacher EXPLORATION & COLONIZATION The Italian city-state of Genoa became a strategic hub because it was best placed to engage in the new, Western-oriented commercial ventures of the 15th century. The early Dutch and British exploration and trade projects different from those of the Iberian nations in that they owed much to private initiative of merchant groups and the formation of chartered trading companies. Lateen sails were a technological improvement introduced during the 15th century in the West. The first Portuguese fleet rounded the Cape of Good Hope in 1488. The British East India Company gained a strategic trading station at Calcutta, through negotiation with local Mughal princes. Several factors contributed to an economic crises in the 14th century:
-Labor shortages
-Lack of technological advance in agriculture
-Recurrent famine
-Bubonic plague Spain was unable to hold its position of dominance in world trade due to it’s internal economy and banking system were not sufficient to accommodate the bullion from the new world and lacked significant manufacturing capability. The West managed to emerge as a global power despite the following setbacks:
-The Catholic church, long one of the organizing institutions of Western civilization, was under attack.
-Population loss caused further economic disarray and lack of strong leadership.
-Western nations lacked the political coherence and organizing ability of imperial China.
-The lives and economic activities of ordinary Europeans, the artisans and peasants, were in serious disarray. The West experienced dynamic change in the 14th and 15th centuries in the areas of…
-Growth of cities and urban economies
-Strengthening of feudal monarchy
-Cultural reawakening
-Advances in metallurgy The dominant commercial nations of northern Europe made up the core zone of the world economy. The most important Dutch colony in Africa was located on the Cape of Good Hope. The West dominated the following regions for trade by sea, after the establishment of a global trading network in the 17th century:
-The Caribbean
-The Mediterranean
-The Pacific
-The Atlantic
(did not control The Indian Ocean) Italy emerged as the center of the early Renaissance because...
-Italy had closer contacts with foreign scholars, particularly those in late Byzantium.
-Italy was more urbanized than most of Europe.
-Italy retained more contact with Roman traditions than did the rest of Europe.
-Italy led the West by the 14th century in banking and trade. A Spanish-led fleet defeated the Ottoman Empire in 1571 at the battle of Lepanto. The global trade network of the 15th century different from that of previous eras in earlier periods, most attention was given to the development of regional economies and cultural zones, rather than a global network. AMERICAS The Spanish colonial empire included…
-Cuba, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico
-Hispaniola (all but Portuguese controlled Brazil) The purpose of the early English voyages to North America was to discover an Arctic route to China. Spanish settlement of the American mainland began in 1509. Columbus gave the name ‘San Salvador’ to the first island that he landed on (in the Caribbean). Examples of goods that the Americas contributed to Europe in the "Colombian Exchange," include:
-Cotton, Corn, Pumpkin, Pecan, Tomato and Vanilla Examples of goods that Europeans contributed to the Americas in the "Colombian Exchange," include:-Apple, Banana, Broccoli, Cabbage, Carrot and Cinnamon Key seafarers and cartographers (map makers) …
-Ferdinand Magellan: Spanish sponsored Portuguese who first sailed aound tip of S. America to Pacific
-Christopher Columbus: Spanish sponsored Italian who connected Europe to the Caribbean and N. America (in 1492)
-Vasco da Gama: Early Portuguese explorer who initiated trade with India
-Amerigo Vespucci: Showed New World was not Asia Southern colonies of the Atlantic seaboard were able to win importance before those farther north because cultivation of cash crops produced by slaves were far more efficient (coercive labor emerged there). Hawaiian culture was characterized by
-Warlike regional kingdoms
-Highly stratified social structure
-Animal husbandry featuring swine
-Use of imported animals such as pigs ARABIA & CHINA During the rule of the Ottoman Empire, Turkish rulers did not promote maritime trade as vigorously as had the Arabs. After 1100, Muslims remained active in world markets, although Arabic involvement in trade had reduced. Some symptoms that the Arabic caliphate was declining by 1400 were …
-Decline of tax revenues for the state
-Landlords seizing power over peasants
-The narrowing of intellectual life symbolized by the triumph of religion over literature, philosophy, and science
-Landlords ceasing to experiment with new agricultural techniques. The Arabic world began fragmenting politically in the 1400s after the fall of the Abbasid caliphate and the emerging Ottoman Empire soon mastered most of the lands of the old caliphate plus the Byzantine corner. An important innovation launched by the Ming dynasty was a series of huge, state-sponsored trading expeditions to southern Asia and beyond. ZhengHe commanded China's great overseas expeditions between 1405 and 1433. The Ming dynasty halted it’s trading expeditions because of …
-The traditional preference of the Chinese for Asian products
-The expense of building the new capital in Beijing
-The growing military expenses of the campaigns against the Mongols
-The opposition of the scholar-gentry and bureaucracy WESTERN
EUROPE RUSSIA Mercantilism held that government should promote the internal economy in order to improve tax revenues and to limit imports from other nations. The Catholic Reformation successfully defended the church of Rome from protestant splintering in:
-Southern Europe
(not The Netherlands) The commercial revolution of the 16th century included…
-Formation of great trading companies
-Stimulation of manufacturing
-Substantial imports of American bullion
-New goods became available
...Yet, it did not result in significant reduction in prices encouraging consumer spending The scientific Revolution happened during the 16th and 17th centuries. Harvey was responsible for discovering the circular movement of blood in animals during the Scientific Revolution. Children of nobles, government officials, and lesser officials were to attend school from ages 10—15. The European-style family pattern that emerged in the 15th century tended to include nuclear families and late marriage ages (on average, around 28-29). Eastern Europe and Russia were similar in the following ways:
-the lack of a native commercial class and a significant urban culture.
-the dominance of the landed aristocracy.
-rigid serfdom. Inflation and commercialization in the West produced a group of people without access to producing property called the proletariat. By the late 17th century, technology and better stock-breeding methods resulted in higher agricultural productivity. The Edict of Nantes, issued in France in 1598, granted tolerance to Protestants and helped end the French civil wars of religion. 95 percent of the Russian population remained rural in the 18th century. Despite Russia's self-sufficiency in metals and weapons, their growing economic dependence on the West during the 18th century was indicated by …
-Importation of luxuries and some manufactured goods
-A coercive labor system
-Exportation of raw materials
- furs, grain, and timber
-The need to imitate the West Catherine the Great's attitude toward the program of Westernization was to flirt with the ideas of the French Enlightenment, but never take meaningful steps to abolish serfdom. Though he did not reduce taxes on the peasantry, Peter the Great's political reforms included…
-Improved military weaponry
-Specialized bureaucracy
-Elimination of noble councils
-Systemization of law codes One of the primary differences between the social organization of the West and Russia in the 17th and 18th centuries was that Russia saw a progressive intensification of serfdom while the West was relaxing this institution in favor of other labor systems. Catherine the Great's tsarist government combined a real monopoly of formal politics by a central administration, but had little power over the noble-owned estates. Ivan the Great claimed that The Byzantine Empire had succeeded as the "third Rome." Peasants recruited to migrate to newly- seized lands in the Russian empire were called Cossacks. During the reign of Catherine the Great, the Russian empire colonized or claimed:
-The Pacific coast of North America as far south as modern California
-Parts of Siberia
-Poland The political voice of the Russian nobility was expressed through service in the tsarist state and the preeminent power they wielded over the peasant serfs. Tsar Michael of Russia accomplished…-The reestablishment of internal order-A successful war against Poland-Inclusion of part of the Ukraine, including Kiev, in the Russian empire-Driving out foreign invaders. During the period from 1450 to 1750, the West was characterized by…
-Government powers had expanded as nation-states began to evolve.
-The idea of Christian unity started to decline, which led to religious wars.
-Science came to form the centerpiece of Western intellectual life.
-The popular outlook, including ideas about personality and family as well as concepts of nature, had shifted. One major way that Poland chose to differ from the Russian model after 1600 was in keeping it’s central government relatively powerless. Key contributors to the 15th- century Italian Renaissance were…
-Niccolo Machiavelli
-Leonardo da Vinci
-Donatello Influential French enlightenment philosophes included…
-Voltaire (civil liberties)
-Montesquieu (separation of powers)
-Hobbes (social contract theory)
-Rousseau (republicanism) Basic principles of the Enlightenment were that …
-Society's goals should center on improvements in material and social life.
-Human beings are naturally good and can be educated to do better.
-Religions that relied on faith or refused to tolerate diversity were wrong.
-Humans behave according to natural laws based on reason. The aftermath of the Scientific Revolution spilled over into a new intellectual movement in the 18th century called the Enlightenment. The Renaissance impacted politics and commerce in that…
-The city-states introduced the regular exchange of ambassadors and the exercise of diplomacy.
-Renaissance merchants improved banking techniques and became more capitalist.
-City-state leaders experimented with new political forms and functions and justified their authority on the basis of what they could do to advance the general well- being.
-They experimented with new political forms that did not stress heredity or divine guidance. Compared to other world civilizations, Western Europe was not the only one to develop crucial scientific data. Western thinkers, however, were the only ones to see science in broader philosophical terms as central to intellectual life. By 1750, the strands of commercial, cultural, and political changes in Europe had combined to create an unusual version of an agricultural civilization. Duchy of Moscow was a political center that served as the focal point for the Russian liberation from the Mongols. During the reigns of the Ivans, Russia had contact with the West through…
-Diplomatic missions that were sent to leading Western states.
-Italian artists and craftsmen were imported for building projects.
-Western merchants established outposts in Moscow and other centers.
-Territorial expansion along the Polish and Lithuanian border Ivan IV, called Ivan the Terrible, wished to confirm tsarist autocracy by attacking the authority of boyars. To what extent has slavery been beneficial to societies throughout
the world -from the birth of civilization to the 18th Century? Essay Prompt: Intro:
-Define terms in the question, present your thesis statement, stance, roadmap
-One strong paragraph for each main point, supported with specific content from the unit
-Briefly summarize your stance and main points -Circle your own thesis statement
-Switch essays with a neighbor
-Write "Reviewer: _______(your name)" at top
-Underline all specific references to course content
-Write two things your classmate did well
-Identify any of the following that were lacking:
Is the language and tone appropriate (formal & persuasive)?
Defined key terms?
Took a stance in response to the question?
Is there a roadmap at the end of the Intro paragraph?
Was the roadmap followed in organized, topical paragraphs?
Developed thesis statement with each paragraph? DEBATE Peer Review of Essays Songs to choose from: PARODIES a) Writing TOPICS: Content for lyrics: b) Persuasiveness Aristotle's three means of rhetorical persuasion:

ETHOS -credibility
LOGOS -logic
PATHOS -emotion c) Dialogue d) Analysis Social
Religious / Race
Economics / Environment THEMES QUESTION TYPES Socratic Circle Essay Checklist Did intro paragraph:
Define key terms?
State time period?
Deductively and efficiently set up thesis statement?
Take a stance in response to the question?
Conclude with a roadmap of main points?
Was the roadmap followed in organized, topical paragraphs?
Developed thesis statement with each paragraph?
Is the language and tone appropriate (formal & persuasive)? Compare
To what extent?
Effect Instructions: In groups of 3-4, write lyrics to a song parody from the options given that teaches one of the topics to the class, making the content for each memorable. *OPTIONAL ... as an extra assignment (worth up to as much as a chapter test), based on the following criteria: -Addressed all relevant content
-Lyrics were creative and well written
-Video was well made, fitting with song
-Involved all team members
-Correctly uploaded to YouTube
-Link was emailed to teacher Groups may recruit a musical guest (classmate, friend, relative or teacher) to record the song itself, then make a music video featuring your team to accompany the musical track. DUE: Anytime before November 30th, 2012 Andrew
Gretchen VS. Carly
Lexi ROUND 2 Kaleb
Emma VS. Lil
Kaley ROUND 1 Jackson
Trystan VS. French Flower
Claire ROUND 2 Jackie Pyle
Mary VS. Julia
Kendal ROUND 1 Practices of the Chinese (Tang & Song) and First American (Inca & Aztec) civilizations ought not be judged by ethical standards from the outside, but rather upheld and celebrated as examples of 'the noble savage.' Claire
Cristo VS. Reese
Zack Sarah
Kelyn VS. Maddie
Jillian Speaking Persuasively Was the concept of Social Darwinism was a legitimate justification for Western European empires from 1450-1750 to pursue the goals of mercantilism, namely, to build nation-states, implement triangular trade, and extract raw materials as cash crops through the colonial system? -Profile of Fortune 500 CEO's
-Androgynous Leadership WEEKLY PLAN: DEC 10-14
Monday -Student Prezis
Tues -Lecture
Wed -In-class pre-writing (for essay on test)
Thurs -Review
Friday -Test & Essay

DEC 17-21
Monday -Debate Prep
Tuesday -Socratic Circle: Qian-long to King George &
Wednesday -Debate
Thursday -Comprehensive M/C Test
Friday -Work time WEEKLY PLAN: World Hist AP World Hist DEC 10-14
Monday -Student Prezis (DBQ due)
Tues -Lecture
Wed -Socratic Circle: Diderot to Catherine &
Montesquieu's Persian Letters
Thurs -Lecture
Friday -Test & Essay (Ch 21 Workbook check)

DEC 17-21
Monday -Socratic Circle: Qian-long to King George & GULLIVER’S TRAVELS
Tuesday -Practice AP Exam M/C
Wednesday -Practice AP Exam Essay & Work time
Thursday -Practice AP Exam DBQ (Ch 6 & 22 Workbook check)
Friday -Workbook time 0. What % of the assigned readings did you complete for today?

1. What did you find interesting or surprising?

2. What were the main assets of each people group (Aksumites & Turks)?

3. Based on these two readings, which do you imagine to hold a higher position in society, merchants or soldiers? Support your reasoning.

4. Critique the values of the Turks and Aksumites. What do you see as honorable? What possible problems would you expect their values to produce?

5. What other historical evidence might shed helpful light on these societies?

My question (s) ... Merits of TURKS & AKSUMITE EMPIRE 0. What % of the assigned readings did you complete for today?

1. What did you find interesting or surprising?

2. To what extent does each reading reflect ethnocentric assumptions?

3. Compare and contrast the natives of the 'West Indies,' the Incas and the Aztecs.

4. Do these accounts seem to support or complicate our understood motivations of European explorers (mercantilism & the 3 G's)?

5. What other historical evidence might shed helpful light on these societies?


1. What did you find interesting or surprising?

2. In what ways do these readings reflect the economic assumptions of that era?

3. Compare and contrast these two Iberian nations.

4. To what extent was exploration dependent on government backing?

5. What other historical evidence might shed helpful light on these societies?

My question (s) ... IBERIAN
SLAVERY The Treaty of Tordesillas of 1494 divided the world into spheres of influence belonging to Portugal and Castile. The commercial experience of the Portuguese in Africa and their involvement in slave trading were extended to the Americas. The Brazilian model of a plantation colony was later followed in the 18th century by other European nations in the Caribbean. Tupac Amaru was the leader of the Indian revolution in Peru in 1781. The Dominican friar Bartolome de Las Casas, a conquistador- turned- priest became an ardent supporter of conversion of Indians and an advocate of Indian rights. The tremendous decline of the Indian population in Mexico was matched by the rapid increase in European livestock. The various racial and social groups failed to work together to unseat the colonial governments the general failure of 18th century colonial revolutions against Spanish and Portuguese rule because they were fearful of unsettling the social hierarchy. The grants of Indians to individual Spaniards as a labor system were called encomiendas. The first Spanish colony in the New World was established on Hispaniola. The Bourbon reforms (aimed at increasing Spanish manufacturing & effeciency) impacted the colonial economy in several ways:
-More government control over the economy
-The growth of Buenos Aires as a regional trade center
-The extension of the plantation agricultural system to Cuba
-The establishments of state monopolies on items like tobacco and gunpowder A major difference between Caribbean cities and those of European cities is that the latter were laid out in a grid plan. Some cities in the American colonies followed the planned approach. Hernan Cortés was responsible for the conquest of the Aztec empire in Mexico. African religions transported to the Americas included:-Vodun-Aja-Obeah-Candomble Equiano described fearing that the white men were going to kill and eat him. William Wilberforce was a patient member of Parliament who strongly opposed British slave trade. Guaman Poma de Ayala accused Spanish officials of denounced the ill treatment of the native peoples of the Andes (Peru). Unity achieved among the numerous Akan clans of Asante under the rule of Osei Tutu. In 1652 the Dutch East India Company established a colony at the Cape of Good Hope. South of their trade forts along the Gold Coast, the Portuguese established Luanda, which became the basis for the Portuguese colony of Angola. Africans were sought for plantation labor in the Americas because West Africans were already familiar with metallurgy, herding, and intensive agriculture whereas Indians were not. The following were considered factor in the development of large kingdoms in Africa:
-The use of firearms
-Improved agriculture
-European demand for slaves
-A population expansion that followed the diffusion of iron tools and improved agriculture Iberian society was characterized by:-Emphasis on patriarchal ideals-Patriarchal families-Heavy urbanization-Emphasis on nobility European slave trade enabled centralizing states to expand more rapidly because slaves were traded for firearms that allowed expanding states to overpower their neighbors, resulting in more slaves. Triangular trade refers to the commercial arrangement by which African slaves were shipped to the Americas, sugar and tobacco was carried to Europe, and European manufactured goods were transported to Africa. On the east coast of Africa, the Swahili trading cities continued their commerce in the Indian Ocean with both the Portuguese and the Ottoman Turks. The Atlantic slave trade reach its zenith in terms of numbers of Africans exported during the 18th Century. One of the unique features of the east African coast that differed from West Africa was the establishment of plantations using African slave labor. The main contribution of Africa the "Colombian Exchange" was slaves. The first slaves brought directly to Portugal from Africa arrived in 1441. The demographic impact of the slave trade on Africa was that it skewed the population of central Africa in favor of a disproportional number of women. The Muslim reform movement of the 1770s that swept through the trade networks in Senegambia and the western Sudan was a variant of Islam called Sufi. In 1818 Shaka assumed leadership in the Zulu chiefdom of the Nguni people of southern Africa. LIFE OF FRANCIS XAVIER
& ACT OF SECLUSION 0. What % of the assigned readings did you complete for today?

1. What did you find interesting or surprising?

2. In what ways do the perspectives presented in each reading provide useful historical information?

3. Compare and contrast the values of the Portuguese and Japanese.

4. To what extent does each reading succeed in remaining unbiased?

5. What other historical evidence might shed helpful light on these societies?

My question (s) ... In what ways is commerce different today than it was when your grandparents were your age?

How do commerce and science impact your life? CONGO Company &
Darwin on BEAGLE 0. What % of the assigned readings did you complete for today?

1. What did you find interesting or surprising?

2. Connect the observations of birds to 'Social Darwinism' -explain the idea of adaptation for survival in nature and among humans.

3. What reasons were used, do you think, to justify the abuse of power? Critique the idea of Social Darwinism -what are it's merits and dangers?

4. React to the author's conclusion, referring to what he observed: "It has enlarged my knowledge of the country, and also, alas! my knowledge of the awful deeds enacted in the mad haste of men to get rich."

5. What other historical evidence might shed helpful light on this abusive relationship / system during the period of colonization?

My question (s) ... Haves vs. Have-nots Identify as many factors as you can that contribute to creating these two groups in nearly every society. Catherine the Great
(1762-1796) Diderot to Catherine
& Montesquieu 0. What % of the assigned readings did you complete for today?

1. What did you find interesting or surprising?

2. What insights did you gain about Catherine the Great's as the 'enlightened despot' of Russia? Did her practice live up to her theory?

3. Summarize Montesquieu's arguments supporting the need for government. How effective is his satirical approach (travelers in a foreign land)?

4. Compare and contrast Catherine's philosophy of government (influenced by Diderot) with those of Montesquieu.

5. What other historical evidence would be helpful to get a balanced perspective on the theory and practice of governing during this age of Enlightenment?

My question (s) ... The most important Portuguese trade fort or factory was located where in El Mina. REVIEW PREZI's: Born in Spain or Portugal Iberian blood, born in colony Mixed blood: Iberian & Native Natives (First Nations) Mixed blood: Iberian & African Mulato No European nor Native blood African (& descendants) The Taino Indians supplied agricultural labor for the Spaniards in the Caribbean. His illustrated book argued that Indians should be paid a full day's wage. The world economic network changed significantly from 1450 to 1750. Evaluate the impact of revolutionary advancements from this time period upon the continents of Africa and Latin America. Support your stance with analysis and specific examples in TWO of the categories below.
-The application of Enlightenment thinking
-Industry and agriculture
-Commerce, banking and nation-building Gulliver's Travels &
Qian-long to King George 0. What % of the assigned readings did you complete for today?

1. What did you find interesting or surprising?

2. In what ways was Qian-long ethnocentric? What are the advantages and risks of holding an isolationist position?

3. Assess the effectiveness of Swift's satire. Why do you think he choose to critique his own nation rather than another (say that of China)?

4. What petty issues does our own society feud about today? What is and is not worth going to war over?

5. Compare and contrast the philosophical assumptions behind the two written samples? What values from each civilization are revealed?

My question (s) ... Free-Response Essay #6:

How does the world economic network of 1750 contrast with the agrarian feudalism of 1000?
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