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Merle Love - Early American Cultures
Transcript of Merle Love - Early American Cultures
Mound Builders culture began about 3,000 years ago and lasted 2,500 years
They were not a single group of people, there were three main groups: the Adena, Hopewell, and Mississippians.
Some mounds were used for burial places for important chiefs, or to honor animal spirits that were a part of their religion.
Some mounds had platforms where religious ceremonies were held. Let's discuss ceremonies.
The mound Builders' ability to build enormous structures by directing hundreds of thousands of workers to dig, move, and shape dirt showed that they were organized.
Trade was important to the Mound Builders. We know this because of the materials they used. Knives found in mounds were carved from a rock called obsidian from the Rocky Mountains, hundreds of miles to the west. Seashells used in jewelry came from the Gulf of Mexico to the south. Copper from the Great Lakes area to the north and mica, a glittering mineral came from the Appalachian Mountains far to the east. The Anasazi The Anasazi people were also farmers. They lived in what is today the Southwest or the Four Corners.
The Four Corners is where four states meet at the "Corner." Let's look at our maps.
The Anasazi people grew corn, squash, beans, and pumpkins. They also lived in permanent communities.
The climate of this area of our country is dry and may be harder to grow food, but the Anasazi people dug ditches to carry water from streams to their crops. What do we call this type of watering today?
The Anasazi people were known as "Cliff Dwellers" because they sometimes carved houses into the sides of cliffs. They also build apartment-style buildings several stories high on the top of mesas.
A mesa is a high, flat landform that rises steeply from the land. It means table in Spanish.
Their construction helped protect them from the weather and their enemies. Lets look at Cliff Palace part of Mesa Verde National Park.
The Anasazi people suddenly abandoned their villages in the Four Corners around the 1100's. One theory is that a drought or a long period without rain, forced them to leave. The streams dried up so they had no irrigation. They had to look for a place where they could survive. When I investigated this theory, I learned that they did in fact migrate south to New Mexico and Arizona and became today's modern pueblo people. I found this information under Mesa Verde's National Park site. The Inuit The Inuit people were located far to the north in what is today Canada.
They traveled from Asia to North America about 2,500 years ago.
They made their homes then and today across the frozen lands near the Arctic Ocean from Alaska through Canada and on to Greenland.
They adapted to life in the cold weather by hunting whales, walruses, and seals in the Arctic waters. They developed the kayak, a light, one-person boat that is used for hunting and transportation.
The Inuit build traditional houses called igloos from blocks of packed snow. -The Mound Builders -The Anasazi -The Inuit