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Bryan Narwhal

on 7 May 2014

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Transcript of Agriculture

Economy and Free Trade
Even though agriculture is not flourishing currently, it is still one of the biggest contributors to the economy. It contributes in gross domestic product and even employment in BC and the especially the rest of Canada. Overall Agriculture is still a large industry and a very big contributor to the economy. Canada also has a free trade agreement with Korea.
Agriculture in b.C.
Many grocery stores carry locally grown fruits and vegetables, as well as produce.
Island Farms
is local to Victoria, they produce dairy products. There are small farms all around Vancouver and Vancouver Island that provide local products to us and others.
Career Opportunities
There are many jobs in Agriculture depending on what department you want to work in. On large vegetable/fruit farms you can get a job taking care of and picking crops.
Since British Columbia has a varied climate and geography there is a large range of different agricultural activities, those from grain crops to cow/calf operations to turkey, chicken and pork farms, to tree fruits, berries and grapes to vegetables, milk and egg production. Agriculture is considered Primary and Secondary because there is farming and post-farming production
Employment in Agriculture
Globally over one billion people are employed in the agriculture sector. Approximately 70% of the working children are working as farmers or are in agriculture. Agriculture is slowly losing its work force as it falls 3% every year. A similar thing is happening in BC as the percentage of jobs created by agriculture has fallen 75% in the last 35 years. A list of different types of jobs in the agriculture field would be: Agricultural Engineering, Horticulture, Aquaculture, Agricultural Extensions, Forestry, and Soil science.
Market For Our Products
Okanagan distributes fruits and vegetables for people around Canada. Although BC only produces 2.8% of Canada's vegetables, the province generates a large amount of dairy products there are 33 dairy processors in BC.
Agriculture in BC can be renewable in some forms, for example the seeds of many crops are saved for the next years seeding or using the fertilizer from their own farms. Soil permitting, agriculture can be a renewable resource by using its products to assist growth of farms and their products. Renewable resources are resources that are renewed quickly enough to be replenished naturally, such as sunlight or wind.
Agriculture in BC contributes to the local economy through a variety of different retail outlets; including local farmers markets, vineyards, greenhouses and the farm gate sales. It contributes $2.6 billion to the provincial economy and $80 million in provincial taxes.
BC does not export much fruits and vegetables or meat internationally, because produce does not generally stay fresh for extended periods of time.

But there are also high level jobs like directors of research and development and sales directors.

there are numerous other jobs because agriculture is such a large industry.

for low level jobs like gathering and taking care of crops you need little education, but for higher level jobs it varies from multiple years of university
Environmental Threats
There are environmental threats in our industry.
Such as:
Pesticides are often used to protect the plants, but it is not good because it can get into the soil and leak into rivers and running water which can cause all sorts of problems
Cattle farms also cause lots of issues because there is a lot of released methane gas into the atmosphere which can damage our ozone which protects us from UV rays
Possible Solutions:
Organic pesticides have sometimes been proven to be less harmful than Synthetic although it is less harmful to humans it is more harmful to bugs

Cattle farmers are thinking about harvesting the methane to create energy which would solve the issue
BC Primary Industry
The risk of being highly dependent on primary industry is that if that industry falls, then BC will lose a large amount of its industry and fall into a recession as well as many people will be unemployed
Future for Agriculture
The main concern with agriculture in the future is the climate. Climate change is a real thing and it effects the agriculture industry quite an amount. The agriculture industry is currently making plans to help reduce the amount of pollution and water they use for its production. British Colombia is also concerned about its peoples future and what we eat, they plan to promote healthy eating even more in the near future. Foods they will most likely be promoting are Fruits, Vegetables and Milk.



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