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Georgia in WW2
Transcript of Georgia in WW2
By: Ritika S, Vicky V, Naty K, and Cassidi V.
World War II started when Germany invaded Poland on September 3, 1939. Germany had lost WWI, they suffered from unemployment and runaway inflation, and soon went into a economic depression. They started looking for new leaders who could help Germany in these times, which ended up being Adolf Hitler. Adolf Hitler saw his chance and decided to take action, Germany then invaded Poland on September 3rd. World War II then officially began when Britain and France declared war on Germany for invading Poland.
How it all started...
The lend-lease act was passed by Congress on March 11, 1941. It gave the president the authority to help their allies with ships and other military supplies in their war against Nazi Germany. This act brought the U.S one step closer to the war. By 1945, $50 billion worth of American supplies were shipped to Great Britain, China, Russia, Brazil, and other countries that were fighting in their own defense and the defense of the United States.
The Bell Aircraft was a United States manufacturer of fighter air crafts in the World War II. This aircraft manufacturing plant transformed Marietta into a large industrial center of the State. They are Most famous for the first supersonic aircraft,(The Bell X-1) and the development/production of many important civilian and military helicopters. The plant in Marietta was the largest in the South.
Georgia can help too!
The attack on Pearl Harbor occurred on Sunday, December 7,1941. It was a quiet Sunday morning and the sailors were eating their breakfast and going about their morning routines when 353 Japanese fighter pilots attacked the U.S naval base in Hawaii. The attack lasted about 110 minutes and killed about 2,000 american soldiers and sailors and another 1,000 wounded. Japan had destroyed 20 naval vessels, 8 gigantic battleships, and over 200 airplanes. The day after the attack President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared war on Japan and the USA had officially entered World War II. The President had called this abominable day " a date which will live in infamy ".
The Attack on Pearl Harbor
The Brunswick shipyard has had a long history before World War II. This shipyard was mainly used for trading goods, mainly cotton and rice. In January 1941, Brunswick was chosen to build cargo vessels,called "Liberty Ships", to help the Allied Forces in Europe. The thousands of workers created 99 ships, 85 of them Liberty ships, and they carried an immense amount of cargo over the Atlantic Ocean. Savannah was another location which was chosen to create Liberty Ships. A contract was awarded to the Southeastern Shipbuilding Corporation. The contract was originally for 36 ships, but the shipyard created a number of 88 ships to help with the war effort.
Savannah and Brunswick Shipyards
Richard Russel was a Senator from Georgia during WW2 and was Part of the Senate Naval Affairs Committee. He helped bring 15 military bases to Georgia and more than 25 research facilities. Russell and Carl Vinson were among the nations foremost experts on military and defense policy. Russell was called the most powerful and influential man for about 20 years by Dean Rusk, who was Secretary of State.
During World War II, there was the holocaust, a gruesome time period in which Hitler, the dictator of Germany, tried to exterminate the Jewish race. He set up concentration camps and killed many Jews, gypsies, and others. Many Jews fled from Germany and immigrated to America, including Georgia. As more and more Jews settled, The population increased tremendously in Atlanta and surrounding cities. Most of the Jews moved away from agriculture and moved toward the industries.
Impact of the Holocaust
Georgia had military bases including Columbus’ Fort Benning, the largest infantry school in the world. Naval Station Atlanta, which trained U.S Navy and Marine Corps pilots. Camp Gordon, known today as Fort Gordon, which was an internment camp set up for foreign prisoners of war. Most of the military installations in the state were used for training and services, and some bases were used for other purposes, like Camp Gordon. Military Bases played a Key Role in training US soldiers for the armed forces.
Carl Vinson had earned a degree from Mercer’s University in Macon, Georgia. Carl Vinson severed 25 terms in the US congress House of Representatives (longer than anyone in US history)and was a champion for National Defense and US Navy and Marine Corps.
In 1931, Vinson became chairman of the House of Naval Affairs Committee for 16 years and
later, he served on the House Armed Services Committee for 14 years. He also helped push the Vinson-Trammell Act and he was a major influence in promoting a strong national defense. President Roosevelt and Vinson worked together to increase the military’s readiness for air attacks, he expanded the national aviation system to 10000 planes, trained 16000 pilots and made 20 air bases! Soon he was known as “the Father of the Two-Ocean navy” and he became most powerful voice in Congress in shaping national defense.
As tension in Europe and Asia increased, Vinson wrote many bills that strengthened the navy and aircraft
World War II ended the Great Depression in Georgia, transformed the state’s economy and changes in race relations
Finally, The End