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7 Steps of Psychological Research

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by

Jamie Bishop

on 5 December 2017

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Transcript of 7 Steps of Psychological Research

STEP 1: IDENTIFICATION OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM
What are you trying to find?
What is the aim of the investigation?
STEP 2: FORMULATION OF A HYPOTHESIS
Hypothesis: A testable prediction of the relationship between 2 or more events or characteristics.
Make a prediction about the cause of something.
STEP 3: DESINGNING THE METHOD
Participants: People who take part in research.
Decide whom you will test and how you will test them.
STEP 4: COLLECTING THE DATA
Data: Information collected in research.
STEP 5: ANALYSING THE DATA
What does the data tell you?
Is there a relationship between 2 events/characteristics?
STEP 6: INTERPRETING THE DATA
Conclusion: A judgement about what the results of an investigation mean.
Does the research support the hypothesis? Can you make any generalisations?
STEP 7: REPORTING THE RESEARCH FINDINGS
Where is the study published?
Is it presented somewhere?
The 7 Steps of Psychological Research
How do people conduct real life / meaningful psychological research?
Well, here's a cool example...
Firstly, what is the feeling / emotion associated with smiling?
While we look each of the 7 steps, I want you to apply each step to the smile study explained at the start of the presentation.
This introduces us to the Independent Variable (IV) and the Dependent Variable (DV):

In an experiment, the
independent variable
is the variable that is
varied or manipulated
by the researcher, and the
dependent variable
is the
response that is measured
.

Here's another way of explaining it...
IV = presumed cause
DV = presumed effect
Let's have a go at identifying the IV and DV in a hypothesis...

Write down the IV and DV for the following hypotheses:

That drinking energy drinks will positively effect the Year 11 mid-year exam results.

That driving at a slow pace will increase the chances of a collision.

It is predicted that people with curly brown hair are possibly the best looking people in the world.
Secondly, how many times would you smile a day?
Summer Homework Activity

Research task find a scientific psychological experiment and bring it into our first session.

You will need to highlight the 7 steps of psychological research as outlined in the Prezi presentation shown earlier and the small flow chart given out in class.

Here are some websites that might be useful:
http://www.socialpsychology.org/expts.htm
http://www.spring.org.uk/2007/11/10-piercing-insights-into-human-nature.php
Full transcript