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The Romantic Period
Transcript of The Romantic Period
Beethoven is transitional.
Decline of aristocratic patronage.
Era of extremes.
Colossal forms and genres.
Big orchestras, big concert halls.
Evolution of instruments.
Breaking with traditional tonality.
Nationalism vs. exoticism.
Obsession with the supernatural and fantastic.
Rise of chromaticism, tempo fluctuations.
Romanticism in Music
The Programmatic Symphony
art song for piano and solo voice.
small, intimate settings.
settings of poetry.
piano not just accompaniment.
Strophic vs. through-composed.
Famous Composers of
Franz Schubert (1797-1828)
Robert Schumann (1810-1856)
Clara Schumann (1819-1896)
Guided Listening Analysis
Composer: Franz Schubert
Style and Genre: Romantic
Timbre/Medium: piano and solo singer.
Text by Goethe, about the Elf King's supernatural attack on a young boy.
Listen for the piano's "character."
Singer's multiple characters (and ranges)
Prominence in Romantic European society.
Famous Romantic Composers of Piano Music
Title: Mazurka No. 5 in B-flat Major
Composer: Frederic Chopin
Style and Genre: Romantic Mazurka
What to know?
Mazurka: Polish folk dance
Triple meter (2nd beat accented).
Title: Etude No. 3 "La Campanella" - "Little Bell"
Composer: Franz Liszt
Style and Genre: Romantic Etude
What to know:
Timbre/medium: solo piano (no voice).
Word painting (little bell).
Listen for 2 main themes.
Absolute music vs. Programmatic music.
Hector Berlioz (1803-1869)
- fixed idea (musical theme that appears in various transformations).
Title: Symphonie Fantastique, V: Dream of a Witches' Sabbath.
Composer: Hector Berlioz
Style and Genre: Romantic Programmatic Symphony
What to know/listen for:
Distortion of the
Foreboding, scary effects in the music.
The tolling of the funeral bells and the Dies irae chant for the dead.
L’amour est un oiseau rebelle
” (Habanera) from
Composer: Georges Bizet
Style and Genre: Romantic (exotic) aria.
What to listen for and know:
chromatic melodic contour.
between Carmen and chorus.
Title: Recitative, “Follie!” and Aria, “Sempre libera” from
Composer: Giuseppe Verdi
Style and Genre: Romantic Recitative and Aria.
NOTE: Special type of aria:
fast aria meant to end the scene with lively and brilliant energy!
What to listen for:
Solo soprano with orchestral background.
Who composed this piece?
Where was the center of musical activity in the classical period?
What is Opera Verismo?
What is a
a genre of vocal music that came to prominence in the Romantic period.
a technical tool composers use to make the music sound "mysterious" and/or "supernatural."
the German word for the symphonic genre.
Who composed this piece?
What is the genre of this piece?
c. Program Symphony
Late-Romantic tradition of realism in opera plots.
Portraying the world as it is/was.