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The Romantic Period

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by

Megan Quilliam

on 19 September 2018

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Transcript of The Romantic Period

The Romantic Period
(1810-1900)
Beethoven is transitional.
Decline of aristocratic patronage.
Era of extremes.
Colossal forms and genres.
Big orchestras, big concert halls.
Miniaturized music.
Evolution of instruments.
Piano.
Literature.
Breaking with traditional tonality.
Nationalism vs. exoticism.
Obsession with the supernatural and fantastic.
Rise of chromaticism, tempo fluctuations.
Romanticism in Music
Solo and
Chamber Music

Orchestral Music
Opera
The German
Lied
(Pl.
lieder)
The Programmatic Symphony
Opera Verismo
art song for piano and solo voice.
small, intimate settings.
settings of poetry.
piano not just accompaniment.
Different forms:
Strophic vs. through-composed.
Famous Composers of
Lieder
Franz Schubert (1797-1828)
Robert Schumann (1810-1856)
Clara Schumann (1819-1896)
Guided Listening Analysis
Title: Erlkönig
Composer: Franz Schubert
Date: 1815
Style and Genre: Romantic
Lied
Form: Through-composed
What else?
Timbre/Medium: piano and solo singer.
Text by Goethe, about the Elf King's supernatural attack on a young boy.
Listen for the piano's "character."
Singer's multiple characters (and ranges)
Erlkönig
in Art
Romantic Piano
Prominence in Romantic European society.

Famous Romantic Composers of Piano Music
Frederic Chopin
Franz Liszt
GLA
Title: Mazurka No. 5 in B-flat Major
Composer: Frederic Chopin
Date: 1832
Style and Genre: Romantic Mazurka
What to know?
Mazurka: Polish folk dance
Triple meter (2nd beat accented).
Form: AABABACACA
GLA
Title: Etude No. 3 "La Campanella" - "Little Bell"
Composer: Franz Liszt
Date: 1851
Style and Genre: Romantic Etude
What to know:
Timbre/medium: solo piano (no voice).
Word painting (little bell).
Disjunct motion.
Listen for 2 main themes.
Virtuosity display.
Absolute music vs. Programmatic music.
Hector Berlioz (1803-1869)
French composer


idée fixe
- fixed idea (musical theme that appears in various transformations).
Orchestra expands.
GLA
Title: Symphonie Fantastique, V: Dream of a Witches' Sabbath.
Composer: Hector Berlioz
Date: 1830
Style and Genre: Romantic Programmatic Symphony
What to know/listen for:
Distortion of the
idée fixe
.
Foreboding, scary effects in the music.
The tolling of the funeral bells and the Dies irae chant for the dead.
GLA
Title: “
L’amour est un oiseau rebelle
” (Habanera) from
Carmen
Composer: Georges Bizet
Date: 1875
Style and Genre: Romantic (exotic) aria.
What to listen for and know:
habanera
rhythm.
French
language -
Spanish
setting.
Descending
chromatic melodic contour.
Mezzo
range.
Alternations
between Carmen and chorus.
GLA
Title: Recitative, “Follie!” and Aria, “Sempre libera” from
La Traviata
.
Composer: Giuseppe Verdi
Date: 1853
Style and Genre: Romantic Recitative and Aria.
NOTE: Special type of aria:
cabaletta
.
fast aria meant to end the scene with lively and brilliant energy!
What to listen for:
Solo soprano with orchestral background.
Who composed this piece?
a. Mozart
b. Haydn
c. Vivaldi
d. Beethoven

Where was the center of musical activity in the classical period?
a. Germany
b. England
c. Austria
d. Hungary
What is Opera Verismo?
Clicker Question:
What is a
lied
?
a.
a genre of vocal music that came to prominence in the Romantic period.
b.
a technical tool composers use to make the music sound "mysterious" and/or "supernatural."
c.
the German word for the symphonic genre.

Who composed this piece?
a. Liszt
b. Chopin
c. Beethoven
d. Schubert
What is the genre of this piece?
a. Mazurka
b. Lied
c. Program Symphony
d. Etude
Late-Romantic tradition of realism in opera plots.
Portraying the world as it is/was.
Full transcript