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Transcript of Greek Pottery
Little survives of Ancient Greek painting except for what is found on the earthenware, and shards of pots discarded or buried thousands of years ago. Because of its durability pottery comprises a large part of the archaeological record of Ancient Greece, and the best guide we have to the customary life and mind of the ancient Greeks.
Just like we have many different types of cups, bowls, and plates that we use in our lives today, The Ancient Greeks had many different shapes and uses for the pottery they made thousands of years ago. There are also many different styles from different time periods.
Hydria: Used to hold water
Amphora: Used in many ways,
Unpainted: maritime storage
Painted: used as trophys
Skyphos: Deep drinking cup
Oinochoe: Used to pour wine
Kylix: Shallow wine cup
Krater: Used for mixing water and wine
Lekythos: For storing oil to be used for perfume.
Greeks did not always bath therefore oils were used to mask body odor.
Also used to anoint bodies in burial
Aryballos: used to contain perfume or oil
Alabastron: For storing olive oils or other oils and used mainly in athletic settings
The way that pottery was painted, developed over time, and is what archaeologists use to determine what time period the pottery came from.
Proto-geometric Period: 1050-900BC
Bronze age: Minoan Style
from the island of Crete
used floral and marine designs, sometimes added people.
Used concentric circles and horizontal bands
Figures were rare
Geometric Period 900-700BC
Covered in Abstract designs
Greek Meander introduced
Horror Vacui: Fear of empty space
Archaic period 600-480BC
Orientalizing Period 700-600BC
Introduction of mythical creatures:
Griffins, Harpies, Gorgons (Medusa)
1st use of black figure technique
Depiction of greek Gods and goddesses became prevalent
Greek Heroes were also esteemed.
The Black Figure Style became very popular.
At this time period, pottery became more valuable and used in trade between other civilizations.
Black Figure Painting
The human figure is most dominant.
Figures are painted black (females always depicted in white).
Red Figure Painting
Figures were now shown in red with black backgrounds.
White Ground Painting
Pottery painted with a white slip, and then figures painted over top