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Maasai Tribe

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by

Sarah Holick

on 9 April 2013

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Transcript of Maasai Tribe

By: Sarah Holick Quick Facts: Circumcision Ceremonies/Rituals Rites of Passage (cont) About 1 million Maasai people live in Southern Kenya and Northern Tanzania

Maasai homes are called Inkajijik. They are rectangular and loaf-shaped and constructed from the land

The Maasai tribe believe that manipulating the land for crop farming is considered a crime against nature

Maasai value children as extremely important and they are considered to be a blessing on the tribe.

Maasai respect the elements of nature, particularly thunder, lightning and rain, as both gifts and punishments on the tribe. Circumcision is the most important rite of passage in the Maasai society.

Enkipaata (circumcision) can only happen when the senior warriors are settled.

When a person is circumcised, gives birth or is sick, the Maasai people may drink cattle blood as it is considered to be good for the immune system

With the rising challenges of the 21st century, many young Maasai women no longer undergo through circumcision. Enkipaata (senior boy ceremony)
Emuratta (circumcision)
Enkiama (marriage)
Eunoto (warrior-shaving ceremony),
Eokoto e-kule (milk-drinking ceremony)
Enkang oo-nkiri (meat-eating ceremony) Boys and girls go through small initiations as minors before circumcision. Most only concern men, while women's initiations focus on just circumcision and marriage. Men form age-sets which move them closer to adulthood. Maasai People
of East Africa Boys from age 14 to 16 have to travel across their land for about four months, which is part of the formation of their new age-set. The boys are accompanied by a group of elders monitoring the formation of a new age-set. Rites Of Passage
Lion hunting is considered a symbolic rite of passage to the Maasai. They consider the experience a personal achievement and a sign of bravery among warriors. It shows how the warriors are coming into adulthood

The planning is done secretly. No one other than the warriors know about the day of lion hunting.

The hunting starts at dawn, when elders and women are still asleep.

Only male lions are hunted

The mane, tail and claws are the only things used from the lion. The mane is beaded by women, and given back to the hunter. The mane is worn on the head during special occasions. Wearing the mane makes it easy to identify the toughest warrior. The only responsibilities for women are to supply water, gather firewood, milk the livestock and to prepare meals for their families.

Women contribute to their family’s success by having as many children as possible. For a woman to die without giving birth is considered to be a tragic fate. Ceremonies for both young boys and girls:
Eudoto (stretching of earlobe)
Ilkipirat (leg fire marks) Maasai Rites of Passage Video
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