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Editing

Technical Developments, Pioneers and Purpose
by

Owain Milford

on 26 January 2016

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Transcript of Editing

Objectives
List the pioneers of early editing.
Give examples of different techniques of editing.
Describe continuity and surreal editing styles.
EDITING
DEFINITION
Can you define film editing?
Film editing is the art, technique, and practice of assembling shots into a coherent sequence.
TECHNICAL HISTORY OF EDITING
The Secrets of Editing
D W Griffith
Kuleshov
Eisenstein
Edwin S Porter
George Méliès
George Méliès was one of the first cinemagicians, experimenting in special effects and focusing on building narratives.
1902
1903
In his acclaimed movie The Great Train Robbery Porter used cross cutting (or parallel editing) to show what occurs in two different places. Though Porter didn’t use the technique to its full potential, he was responsible for introducing the concept to the American cinema, allowing others to build on it.
Where Porter had sparingly and cautiously cut a couple of times to break up some of his scenes into discrete shots, or parts-of-scenes, Griffith took a much livelier hand in cutting up his scenes, typically shooting different moments of the unfolding action from a variety of different angles and camera-distances.
Kuleshov experimented and discovered that the audience derive more meaning through the sequence of images by applying emotional connections rather than through the actual performance.
Eisenstein took the work of Griffith and Kuleshov one step further and used it to create powerful montages to manipulate audience emotions and views.
Lumiere Brothers
The Lumiere brothers were some of the first filmakers but did not engage in any real film editing rather they used static shots.
Purpose of Editing
So what can we say is the purpose of editing?
Technical Developments, Pioneers and Purpose
La Nouvelle Vogue
La Nouvelle Vogue (the French New Wave) directors took the rules that hads clearly been established and enforced through classical Hollywood and broke them all to create fresh new editing styles and techniques such as the jump cut and breaking the 180 degree rule.
􀅂 Time
speed up, slow down, compress time, stretch time, flashbacks, flash forwards, to fit a specified running time, to control time within the narrative
􀅂 Space
creating a logical and believable space between characters or objects not sharing the same shot
􀅂 Rhythm
the duration of shots controls the flow and ‘beat’ of the moving image production, which allows the audience to understand the message or story.
Full transcript