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5 Themes of Geography

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by

Elle Gray

on 26 January 2015

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Transcript of 5 Themes of Geography

5 Themes of Geography
Human/Environment Interaction
Movement:
Place:
Absolute Location
-A latitude and longitude (global location) or a street address (local location).
EX: Paris France is 48 N Latitude and 2 East Longitude.
Ms. Gray lives at 555 Main Street
Location :
Relative Location:
-Described by landmarks, time, direction, or distance
EX: Maine is east of New Hampshire and south Canada.
Where is it?
When using geography, historians first look at where a place is located. Every place has an
absolute
and
relative
location.
What is it like?
A place is an area that is defined by everything in it. All places have features that give them personality and distinguish them from other places. By asking the question, "What is it like?" geographers can describe all of the
human
and
physical
characteristics of a location.
Human Characteristics:
How would you describe our school as a place?
Human characteristics include features such as:
languages
customs
how government is structured
beliefs
architecture
Physical Characteristics
Illustrate naturally occurring features such as:
landforms (ex. mountains, canyons, valleys)
bodies of water (ex. bays, rivers, oceans)
climate
vegetation
wildlife
soil
Danxia Landforms: Nantaizi Village, China
What are the physical characteristics of our community?
Istanbul, Turkey
What is the relationship between people and their surroundings?
How we respond within our environment.
The physical characteristics of a place often affect how humans live. Sometimes we adapt to our environment, sometimes we change it.
How do people depend on their environment?
How do people adapt to their environment?
How do people modify their environment?
Example: In ancient times, the annual flooding of the Nile River produced good soil for growing crops.
Example: The ancient Egyptians rebuilt their homes each year, after the annual flooding. As time went on, they built their homes above the flood plain.
Example: The ancient Egyptians built irrigation ditches to help water the crops. In modern times, Egyptians built a dam to control the flood waters of the Nile River.
How are people, goods, and ideas moved from place to place?
Movement refers to the way people, products, information and ideas move from one place to another. This can be local such as how did you get to school today, or it can be global such as how did humans get to North America?
People Movement:
Goods/Products Movement:
Idea Movement:
How ideas, values, and fads are spread from place to place

Newspapers
Internet
TV, Radio
Social Media
Celebrity
Planes
Mail
Trucks/Cars
Trains
Ships
Cars/Trucks
Planes
Ships
Trains
Region:
What common features bring geographical areas together?
A region is the basic unit of geography. Regions are areas that have some kind of unifying characteristic--something that brings these areas together. Characteristics can be human or physical.
Location
Place
Human/Environment Interaction
Movement
Region
What are the 5 themes of geography?
What is a theme?
Can't remember all the themes? Call MR. HELP
M- movement
R- region
HE- human/environment Interation
L- location
P- place
In geography, historians and geographers use "themes" to describe, organize, and interpret the world.
Full transcript