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Punnett Squares and Pedigrees

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by

Robert Williford

on 8 December 2015

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Transcript of Punnett Squares and Pedigrees

End
Start
Punnett Squares
Punnett squares
- a graphic used to predict the possible genotypes of offspring in a given cross.
Uses of Punnett Squares
probability
- the mathematical chance of a specific outcome in relation to the total number of possible outcomes.

ratio
- an expression that compares two quantities.

Probability can be expressed as a ratio or a percentage.


Pedigrees
Pedigree
- a tool used to study the patterns of inheritance across multiple generations.

They are useful tracing sex-linked disorders such as hemophilia, cystic fibrosis or colorblindness.

carrier
- someone who has the allele for a recessive disease but does not have the disease. By identifying if both mother and father have the recessive allele doctors can predict the likelihood of the offspring getting the disease.
Examples
Punnett Squares and Pedigrees
Full transcript