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AP Human Geography

Chapter 4 Vocabulary

William Saad

on 25 September 2012

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Transcript of AP Human Geography

By Jeremy Cerf & William Saad AP Human Geography Chapter 4 Vocab Culture
a group of belief systems, norms, and values practiced by a people

Examples:dress, beliefs, art, housing Folk Culture
cultural traits such as dress modes, dwellings, customs, and institutions of usually small, traditional communities, Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.

Examples: Teepees, Louisiana Cuisine, Cowboy Boots Popular Culture
Cultural traits such as dress, diet and music that identify and are part of today's changeable, urban-based, media-influenced western societies, Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.

Examples: Hydroxicut, Silly Bandz Local Culture
a group of people in a particular place who see themselves as a collective or a community, who share experiences, customs, and traits

Example: Honolulu it's popular to surf and live along the coast Material Culture
the art, housing, clothing, sports, dances, foods, and other similar items constructed or created by a group of people

Examples: Cricket, Hula Dance, Huts Nonmaterial Culture
the beliefs practices, aesthetics, and values of a group of people

Examples: Muslim, Mandarin, Eduction Hierarchical Diffusion
The spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places

Examples: Epidemic, fashion trends Hearth
The area where an idea or cultural trait originates

Examples: Oregon-Nike, Mecca-Muslim Assimilate
when people lose originally differentiating traits when they come into contact with another society or culture

Examples: Native American style of living, Buddhist Asian comes to America and becomes Catholic Custom
Practice routinely followed by a group of people.

Example: Taking shoes off before entering a house Cultural Appropriation
the process by which other cultures adopt customs and knowledge and use them for their own benefit.
Ex: Adopting technologies from culture, adopting foods Neolocalism
The seeking out of the regional culture and reinvigoration of it in response to the uncertainty of the modern world.
Ex: amish people, cults Ethnic Neighborhood
an area within a city containing members of the same ethnic background

Example: Chinese all live in an neighborhood near a Chinese Church Commodification
The process through which something is given monetary value; occurs when a good or idea that previously was not regarded as an object to be bought and sold is turned into something that has a particular price and that can be traded in a market economy.
Ex: Tulip mania Authenticity
The accuracy with which a single stereotypical or typecast image or experience conveys an otherwise dynamic and complex local culture or its customs.
Ex: amish driving tractors Distance Decay
the effects of distance on interaction, generally the greater the distance the less interaction
Ex: styles not catching on in some regions Time-Space Compression
explains how quickly innovations diffuse and refers to how interlinked two places are found by David Harvey

Example: Facebook diffusion into Asia from America Reterritorialization
when people within a place start to produce an aspect of popular culture themselves, making it suit their needs

Example: When Spanish conquered Aztecs, they eliminated all Aztec symbols Cultural Landscape
the visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape
Ex: Dams, cities, roads Placelessness
The loss of uniqueness of place in the cultural landscape so that one place looks like the next

Example: One could travel from Plano to Frisco and not be able tell the difference Global-Local Continuum
notion that what happens at the global scale directly effects what happens at the global scale directly effects what happens at a local scale
Ex:Colonialsm Glocalization
The process by which people in a local place mediate and alter regional, national, and global processes

Example: Starbucks coffee originated in Seattle Folk-Housing Regions
region in which the housing stock predominantly reflects styles of building that are particular to the culture of the people who have long inhabited the area

Example: Adobe housing in New Mexico Diffusion Routes
the spatial trajectory through which the cultural traits or other phenomena spread
Ex: Spread of cultural traits along trade routs http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-pPYdARLFrZ8/TclBIghlL3I/AAAAAAAAABo/KMdgOjAGc8U/s1600/culture.jpg&imgrefurl=http://on-memetics.blogspot.com/2011/12/case-for-private-culture.html&h=300&w=350&sz=24&tbnid=JIkTD1o3bu4CXM:&tbnh=91&tbnw=106&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dculture%2Bphotos%26tbm%3Disch%26tbo%3Du&zoom=1&q=culture+photos&usg=__RHRnVdM9Psi5eQfLny08dNBmGMw=&docid=kVSQ3O3dpU5IGM&hl=en&sa=X&ei=JB1iUMeqDKmryQHdq4GwCg&ved=0CFwQ9QEwEA&dur=198
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