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Copy of Expectancy Theory
Transcript of Copy of Expectancy Theory
Victor Vroom Basic Premise:
To maximize pleasure
and minimize pain There is a positive correlation
between efforts and performance Favorable performance will
result in a desirable reward The reward will satisfy
an important need
The desire to satisfy the need is strong
enough to make the effort worthwhile Three Beliefs: Expectancy
Will my effort result in completion of the task? Valence:
Do I believe that completing the task will
benefit me or leave me at a disadvantage? Instrumentality:
What is the probability that completing
the task will lead to a desired outcome? Type of skills needed for task
Availability of information
When a person wants to achieve the task Negative Valence:
The person prefers not to complete the task Probability at 1:
Completing task will lead to a desired outcome
Probability at 0:
Completing task will not lead to a desired outcome
Mathematical Relationship Valence x Expectancy x Instrumentality +Expectancy +Valence +Instrumentality Bibliography
Borkowski, By Nancy. "Organizational Behavior in Health Care." Organizational Behavior in Health Care. Sudbury: Jones and Bartett, 2005. 139-41. Google Books. Web. 11 Dec. 2010. <http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=V0ON3WC9qikC&oi=fnd&pg=PA139&dq=victor vroom's expectancy theory&ots=BUUBUi5YOg&sig=GtJfxYiWS85Pyvh9pAHITY5_UOA#v=onepage&q=victor vroom's expectancy theory&f=false>.
Clark, D. R. "Leadership & Human Behavior." Colocation | Broadband Wireless | Dedicated Servers | Web Design & Development | DocSTAR | DSL | Web Hosting | Infinity Internet. 11 May 1997. Web. 11 Dec. 2010. <http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leadhb.html>.
"Expectancy Theory - Victor Vroom." Management Methods | Management Models | Management Theories. 29 Mar. 2010. Web. 11 Dec. 2010. <http://www.valuebasedmanagement.net/methods_vroom_expectancy_theory.html>.
"Victor Vroom: Expectancy Theory." Welcome to Learn Management 2.com. Learn about Management Here. Free Management Lessons and Revision Notes. Web. 11 Dec. 2010. <http://www.learnmanagement2.com/vroom.htm>.