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Copy of Copy of Copy of Behaviour and the Motivation Connection

What is Applied Behaviour Analysis and how is a Functional Assessment Completed?

Mela Dyment

on 14 February 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of Copy of Behaviour and the Motivation Connection

how does motivation influence behaviour? people don't HAVE behaviour to get their wants and needs met what's missing? Functional Assessment
determines the FUNCTION or underlying motivation for the behaviour putting an intervention into place without knowing the motivation behind the behaviour is like treating an illness without knowing the diagnosis "the consequences of an act affect the
probability that it will happen again" motivation skills + = motivation find the a thorough functional assessment will help
determine what skill deficits
may be contributing to the problem
behaviour teach new skills that allow the students to access the reinforcement without engaging in problem behaviour set clear goals J will learn to:
play 2 board games
play hide and go seek
ask adults to play with him
ask peers to play with him set aside time for regular practice every day following arrival
on the playground at morning and noon recess
after lunch reinforce the new skills motivation ? he's so destructive!
all he does is throw and spit!

there needs to be a consequence!

he NEEDS to clean up!!! I just LOVE Ms S

anytime I get bored all I have
to do is throw some stuff or spit
and she gets SO EXCITED!!!
she comes right over and we pick things up together!
sometimes I even get to use a spray bottle!
and then she reads me a STORY!!! this behaviour is driving us
NUTS! reinforcement punishment they USE behaviour make the consequence meaningful for the student Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) aims to understand and improve human behaviour.

Applies principles of behaviour to learning and performance

All learned behaviour serves a function. What is it? B. F. Skinner ANYTHING that increases BEHAVIOUR ANYTHING that decreases BEHAVIOUR what is BEHAVIOUR? In addition to striving to provide an objective analysis of observable behaviour, as a field, ABA has developed many teaching techniques.
“Applied behaviour analysis is the science in which tactics derived from the principles of behaviour are applied systematically to improve socially significant behaviour and experimentation is used to identify the variables responsible for behaviour change.”
Cooper, Heron, and Heward (2007, p. 20) evidence-based methodology for teaching
ANYBODY, ANYTHING! Why is Applied Behaviour Analysis Controversial? Complete a Functional Assessment Inventory Collect Data why collect data? Analysis of the data is used to:
Measure the frequency, intensity and duration of behaviour
Clarify the operational definition
Help determine the function of behaviour We are used to applying labels to people and their behaviours as a kind of shorthand

Pseudo-explanations often involving circular reasoning (e.g., ADHD—”Why is he ADHD? Because he is hyperactive and can’t pay attention.”  “Why is he hyperactive and can’t pay attention? Because he has ADHD.”)

These labels can be both misleading and dangerous as people want to treat the diagnosis or label rather than the behaviours or symptoms Operational/Behavioural Definitions
identify what a behaviour is in terms of topography, intensity, duration, or other relevant dimensions,
identify what the behaviour isn’t or exceptions to the definition, and
create consistency in determining whether a particular behaviour occurred or not. Define the Behaviour 4. a) knows colors
b) sorts red from green items

5. a) is hyperactive
b) does not sit still for more than 5 seconds 1. a) shows initiative
b) does extra chores

2. a) is dressed for school by 8:30
b) is dependable

3. a) does not finish tasks
b) becomes easily discouraged Exercise: Choose the one that is more behavioural why is this important? how is the inventory used? An effective Positive Behaviour Plan MUST include teaching replacement behaviour If the function of the behaviour was to seek attention
and you withdraw attention as a consequence following the behaviour
the behaviour will go away and the student will use a different behaviour to gain attention, whether it's adaptive or not! Then what? extinction when behaviout is neither reinforced or punished it will... disappear Antecedent Behaviour Consequence what happened immediately before ? What happened immediately after? be aware of the Setting Events problem behaviour teach
behaviour change the
consequence REINFORCE the replacement behaviour! change the antecedent The work of people like Watson, Thorndike and Skinner
helped lay the foundation for other evidence-based interventions
like Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy Operant Behaviour Respondant behaviour how does Applied Behaviour Analysis work with Trauma Informed Practice? learned behaviour, influenced by the environment unlearned behaviour, automatic or reflexive, elicited by a specific stimulus reinforcement? punishment? time out? Talk about the behaviour? + - + - Applied Behaviour Analysis Why analyze behaviour? an observable action How is behaviour analyzed? How is a functional assessment conducted? How can we replace the behaviour What are the functions of behaviour? Sensory
Tangible in other words... what comes next? develop a plan ensure that the replacement behaviour allows the student to access MORE reinforcement that the problem behaviour
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