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To what extent did Mao's domestic policies solve the problem
Transcript of To what extent did Mao's domestic policies solve the problem
By 1956 Maos targets with the five year plan were achieved. this domestic policy solved the issues to some extent, it set up a socialist transformation in china. however, 90% of the governments spending was in industry making agriculture decrease in china.
The hundred flowers campaign 1957
the hundred flowers campaign did not solve any of maos problems. in fact it created high criticism of Maos government , the economical situation and living standards.
The agrarian reform 1950
The agrarian reform improved living conditions of peasants because it gave animals, land and machinery to peasants. Peasants were introduced with land ownership. The agrarian reform increased productivity of agriculture and promoted industrialization. it helped Mao gain support.
This domestic policy did solve some of mao´s problems because it improved living conditions of peasants and it confiscated land from landlords.
Problems Mao faced
-living conditions of peasants
-devastation of china after the civil war and japanese war
-The organisation of China
Maos domestic policies:
1950- land reform law & Marriage reform law
1951-52 - three antis & five antis
1953-57- The First Five Year Plan
1956-Hundred Flowers Campaign
1957-62- the great leap forward
To what extent did Mao's domestic policies solve the problems he faced?
Industry in china increased. iron, steel , coal mining, cement and electricity generation expanded the industrial production.
the five year plan also introduced new problems to Mao. the five year plan wa sso focused in the industrial output that peasants left farming to work in factories.
The five year plan 1953-57
this led to only 7.6% of the governments spending invested in agriculture.
class divisions were formed between peasants.
the five year plan ended some of the problems of Mao but it also gave rise to other problems such as the problem with agriculture.
The three antis campaign 1951
Was meant to eliminate corruption and obstructionist bureaucracy within the CPC. Mao held meetings were guilty people were denounced however the punishments weren't effective because they weren't harsh, making the aim to eliminate corruption by the three antis campaign a failure.
the five antis campaign 1952
The five antis campaign was meant to target the bourgoise. The campaign dealt with issues as bribery, theft of state property, cheating on gov contracts & tax evasion. however the five antis campaign increased the suicide rates by 200-300 000 men.
The three antis campaign 1951
The three antis campaign was meant to eliminate corruption, obstructionist bureaucracy , waste and obstruction within the CPC. Many people were held guilty and were denounced. however, punishments weren't harsh making the three antis campaign ineffective to eliminate corruption.
The Great leap forward 1958- 1961
Made by: Paula Raudales & Paulette Castro
After china following the steps of the ussr. Mao launched his own version of a 5 year plan. the idea of the five year plan was to develop agriculture and industry.
the harvest in 1958 gave good results however very little was spent on agriculture this resulted on famine , bad harvest and the death of 20 million people. the great leap forwards wasn't successful since it kept peasants away from farming to work in factories. The great leap forward broke the relationship with the USSR, not only that but it also drove to a economical collapse in China.
Maos domestic policies solved the problems he faced to some extent, it solved the issues with improving the life of peasants. However, Mao's domestic policies weren't as successful as he planned them to be. The domestic policies did not only not solve his problems in fact his domestic policies created more problems within china such as the problems with agriculture, the criticism , famine, natural disasters . It also broke the relationship China had with the USSR. Many of Maos policies failed to reach their objectives specially The great leap forward, where Mao himself admitted it was a failure.
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