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Tone:

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wislene augustin

on 19 September 2014

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Transcript of Tone:

authors tone
. The General character and attitude of a piece of writing.


example: "Life and death appeared to me ideal bounds, which I should first break through, and pour a torrent of light into our dark world." -Frankenstein



Tone:
syntax
. the arrangement words and phrases to form a well-formed sentence.

. example: Thee, Shepherd, thee the woods and desert caves,
With wild thyme and the gadding vine o’ergrown,
And all their echoes mourn




Diction:
the choice and use of words and phrases in speech or writing

example:"And the trees all died. They were orange trees. I don’t know why they died, they just died. Something wrong with the soil possibly or maybe the stuff we got from the nursery wasn’t the best. We complained about it. So we’ve got thirty kids there, each kid had his or her own little tree to plant and we’ve got these thirty dead trees. All these kids looking at these little brown sticks, it was depressing.”
-“The School” by Donald Barthelme

Theme
. a subject of discussion; a subject of a talk/ literture.

.example: theme for "Romeo and Juliet" is sacrafice, romance/ love and goodvs evil ( the dual between Tybalt and Mercutio)




Literary Toolbox:
.category of literary composition


example: .horror, fantasy, science fiction
Genre
.When the narrator only knows one characters thoughts and feelings and the character is typically the main character.

example: Linda was a peaceful women but secrets held her down to the ground and no one knows how she got there execpt me.
POV-Third person Limited
. when the narrator is one of the characters in the story but also knows the thoughts and feelings of other characters.

. example: Dan Brown's 'The Da Vinci Code' is written in third person omniscient. The narrator speaks in the point of view of several different characters, and shows the audience what each one sees and hears.
POV-Third Person Omniscient:
.an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning

.example: “Don’t act like a Romeo in front of her.”
Allusion
. A word, phrase, or sentence that contains more then one meaning.

example:O Rose thou art sick.
The invisible worm,
That flies in the night
In the howling storm:
Has found out thy bed
Of crimson joy;
And his dark secret love
Does thy life destroy”
-“The Sick Rose”, a short lyric written by William Blake
. comparison in which an idea or a thing is compared to another thing that is quite different from it

.example: Just as a sword is the weapon of a warrior, a pen is the weapon of a writer.
Analogy
. a statement of truth or opinion that is expressed in a witty manner.

.example:The man who removes a mountain begins by carrying away small stones.
-William Faulkner
Aphorism
Colloquialism
.an informal word/phrase or even a slang in a literature work

example:
wanna-want to
gonna- going to
buzz off-go way

. an idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its primary meaning.

example:"shall i compare thee to a summers day"
- the summer days implies that the women if warm, beautiful
connotation:
. the primary meaning of a story, in contrast to the idea or feeling that the sentence / word suggest.

example:
Denotation
. telling a story but trying to give a moral lesson to it.

example: " you never really know a man until you stand in his shoes and walk around in them
- How to kill a Mockingbird
Didactic
a descriptive word or phrase that describe a place, person or thing in such a way that helps give more characteristic that is more important than it actually is.

example:“The earth is crying-sweet,
And scattering-bright the air,
Eddying, dizzying, closing round,
With soft and drunken laughter…”
Epithet
. a nice way of saying something harsh

." you are becoming a little thin on top ( becoming bald)
Euphemism
. exaggeration of a word or phrase

example: i`m so hungry i can eat a horse
Hyperbole
. phrase to express something that might sound unusually to people who are unfamiliar with it.

example: it`s raining cats and dogs
Idiom
. visually descriptive or figurative language

example: it was dark and dim in the forest
Imagery
. a writing that attacks or insults or denounce a person or topic


example: the Adventures of Huckelberry Finn is nonetheless the most insufferable novel that has ever been written.
Invective
. figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words

example: in the book " my sisters keeper" it was ironic the the sister of the cancer patient dead first everyone thought Kate( the cancer patient) would be the first to go.
Irony
. comparison between two unlike things that actually have something in common

example: he drowned in a sea of grief
Metaphor
. a one person piece/ speech


example: To be, or not to be--that is the question:

Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer

The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune

Or to take arms against a sea of troubles

And by opposing end them

Monologue
. a word or phrase that sounds like it could contradict itself but actually might be true

example: " All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others"
-George Orwell`s Animal Farm
Paradox
. the use of components in a sentence that is grammatically the same; or same in their construction

example: like father, like son
. easy come, easy go
Parallelism
. imitation of a particular writer


example: vampire sucks is a parody of twilight
Parody
. giving an object a human characteristic

example: the flower dances in the gentle breeze
Personification
. when a writer is trying to criticize another persons work or society by using humor.

example: in the book Animal Farm, the author tries to criticize the power government but uses animals to address it
satire
. comparing two different things using like or as

example: he is as cunning as a fox
Simile
. a word or phrase that has more the one meaning.


example:I can't recommend this book too highly
Ambiguity
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