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Sikolohiyang Pilipino:

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Geraldine Refareal

on 6 October 2013

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Transcript of Sikolohiyang Pilipino:

Sikolohiyang Pilipino:
Pagkataong Pilipino

Pagkatao v. Personality
The Compliant Filipino
The Confrontative Filipino
Strengths and Criticisms
1. SURFACE VALUES
2. PIVOT
3. CORE VALUES
4. FOUNDATION OF
HUMAN VALUES
Sikolohiyang Pilipino was from a colonial point of view
*there became a need to have an indigenous perspective on "pagkatao" because the organization and logic of the value(s) as it is viewed from this perspective is ignored.
*terms were interpreted in English, reducing its value and significance along the way

(Shahani, Romulo, Maceda 1987 Study)
Core Meanings in Sikolohiyang Pilipino
*core values v. surface values
pakikiramdam, hiya, utang na loob
KAPWA
*Allusion to the "masamang tao," "manhid," "walang kapwa"
PAKIKIRAMDAM
*the pivotal value of shared inner perception
*central to behavioral and interpersonal domains
*paki (plea, request) + ramdam (internality)
v. + dama (externality)
Accommodative v. Confrontative Surface Values
Accommodative surface values function as a conformation to the status quo within a society

Confrontative surface values are the more risk-taking part of a personality
HIYA
(Sibley 1965 Study on Salawikain)
*accommodative surface value
*the Filipino system of affixation for words led to misinterpretations.
*externality and internality dimensions
UTANG NA LOOB
*used to be seen as the colonialist concept
"gratitude towards the colonizing americans"
*most elevated out of all "loob" concepts although not deservingly so.
PAKIKISAMA
PAKIKIPAG-KAPWA
*misinterpreted as "smooth interpersonal relationships"
*pakikisama - "not one of us / "ibang tao"
*pakikipag-kapwa - "one of us / hindi ibang tao"
what most fail to acknowledge about the Filipino Psychology
BAHALA NA
*it stimulates action and not inaction
*not exactly escapist (accdg to Lagmay in defense from Bostrom 1976)
*improvisatory skills of Filipinos
LAKAS NG LOOB
*alludes to the internality/externality of this value
*necessary for actualizing the good not only in one's self but also in one's "kapwa"
PAKIKIBAKA
*recognizes one's convictions as part of one's being
provides a clear view of "Sikolohiyang Pilipino" concepts and terms
debunked misconceptions in how Filipino values are interpreted
Based on extensive research
Pivotal for future cross cultural research
First references were Western and from a very different point of view
much like the Humanistic/Positive Psychology approach wherein it focuses on the better aspects of the Filipino Psyche (can also be a strength)
Can be subject still to misinterprettion because of language barriers and reductionist translation
Full transcript