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World War 1
Transcript of World War 1
-Militarism: the belief that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared use it aggressively to defend or promote.
-Nationalism: an extreme form of feeling of superiority over other countries
-Assassination of Franz Ferdinand: On June 28, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg were shot in the head in Sarajevo by, Garvrilo Princip. 3 Major Battles: What made the U.S go to War? U-Boat attacks: Zimmerman Note: U.S Policies: Espionage: Selective Service Act: Central Power:
-Italy Countries involved: Alliances:
-USA Trench Warfare: 3 Weapons used: Women's role: Outcome and the League of Nations: -machine guns
-chemical weapons Most of the deaths in the trench were caused by: -Injuries
-Bullet shells bursting
-Unsanitary conditions Downsides of a trench: -Rainfall would mess up the trench
-Smells Battle of Verdun: Battle of Somme: Battle of Cambrai: February 25, 1916 Germany attacked France. Germany took over Fort Douaumont, Harcourt, Malancourt but, Verdun remain undefeated. Later French secured the sky's of Verdun which put pressure on german forces. November came along and French had defeated Germany and reclaim the territory back. July 1, 1916 the British where going to surprise the german army across the Somme river since the french where being pressed hard. The British went in and attacked, many where killed and this battle and it is know as the biggest man slaughter in history. British continued ot fight Germany until November 19th.
German: 450,00-680,000 deaths
British: 419,654 deaths November 20, 1917 British launched a full attack with a new secret weapon (the Tank) from England. The British engage with it offensive 476 tank. The British gained a lot of land which surprise both Germany and British commander. At the end Cambrai showed how a well plan suripise attack can break a trench deadlock. This note was sent to Mexico from Germany saying that if Mexico became an ally that they would restore Mexico's lost territory (Texas,New Mexico, Arizona). Britain intercepted the telegram and sent it to the U.S president at the time (Woodrow Wilson) who released it to the press March 1, 1917. This influenced the United States to enter the war against Germany. William II of Germany Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary
Mehmed V of Ottoman Empire Ferdinand I of Bulgaria On May 1917 the Selective Service Act was passed this act required men between the ages of 21 to 35 register with local draft boards. Later when the us went to war men 18 to 45 were selected to service in the military. This act punished all people found trying to obtain information to do with the national defense with the reason to believe that they will use it to hurt the U.S. The person will be fined or imprisoned for no more than ten years. (If he or she try's to copy, take, photograph, plan, map, model, instrument, appliance, document, write or note anything connect with the national defense.) -US increased in trade
-Took over Germany's chemical industry
-US supplied food and arms to Europe
-The US never joined the League of Nations
-Women were allowed to vote -Women in WW1 took over the men's work (factories, framing, assembly lines).
-The women as helped in the front preparing bandages, kitting clothes and preparing hampers for the soldiers.
-They were also U.S Army nurses. Young girl's as so had a part to do in WW1 Young boy's would try to raise bonds for the war. Are a submarine that is usually armed with torpedoes. They were right in the beginning or WW1. Otto Weddigen had a small U-9 and sank 3 British cruisers in less than an hour on September 22, 1914. Later on during the war the U-Boats started causing the Allies a problem. Sources: -http://www.uboat.net/wwi/
-http://www.google.com/ Lusitania: The Lusitania is a famous British ship and transport goods and people across the Atlantic Ocean. May 1, 1915 the Lusitania just left New York port with 1,959 people on board and 159 of them were Americans. While the Germans were contently stalking the British water waiting sink a ship. When the Lusitania wasn't that from the shore they were hit with a torpedo by a German U-Boat. The ship sank in less than 18 minutes and out of the people board 1,198 died. Sussex: March 24, 1916 a German U-Boat had mistakenly sank a French cross channel ferry the Sussex. 25 American citizen died out of 80 including the 50 fetalities who were aboard the Sussex. After this mistake the president took action and declared that Germany give up surrounding Britain with their U-Boat's. Germany agreed and gave up watching the British ship on April 24, 1916. U-Boats: Also: -The U.S people had sympathy for Britain and France.
-When German's sunk the Lusitania and lost 128 American lives. Sean Zuniga