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English Revolution

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priya hebbar

on 15 November 2012

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Transcript of English Revolution

By Priya Hebbar English Revolution James I took power in 1603 succeeding the last of the Tudor monarchs, Queen Elizabeth. During this time he believed in the Divine Right of Kings, meaning that God chose the rulers himself. This caused many problems between the parliament and him. James I believed that he should have ultimate power over parliament. However, he did not realize that parliament had one advantage over him, money. Due to his lack of money, he used many of his wealthy friends to keep control of England and suspended parliament from 1611-1621. Effects of The Revolution Charles II took power in 1625 after his father, James I, died. Like his father, Charles too was a strong believer in the Divine Right Kings. He refused to sign a petition saying no laws could be made without Parliaments consent. His relationship with Parliament was strained between his religious and political beliefs. In 1642, Charles tried to arrest five of his biggest critics in Parliament, but was unable to when he found out they already fled the country. This then provoked him to arrange an army to fight against Parliament for power. A civil war had now begun. Charles I Parliament's New Model Army, made up of Parliament supporters and Puritans, was led by Oliver Cromwell. The victorious army captured King Charles I and publicly executed him. Many Parliament members did not want to be associated with this action and left, leaving a "rump" Parliament. Oliver then established a military dictatorship, but few obeyed him because he was not a true leader because he did not gain him position from inheritance. When Oliver died in 1658, Parliament was able to resume. Oliver Cromwell During the duration of Cromwell's rule Charles II, the son of Charles I, lived in exile. When Parliament was able to resume they restored the Staurt Monarchy by announcing Charles II as king. Unlike the previous kings Charles II realized that he had to work along side Parliament in order to be successful. The peace between the monarchy and Parliament was strained when the brother of Charles II, James II, had a baby boy. James II was Catholic and the thought of a Catholic monarchy scared Parliament. Charles II William's rule destroyed the divine right theory of kingship. During his ruling he accepted the Bill of Rights which allowed Parliament to create laws and allowed citizens many rights, such as the right to a jury trial. Most Importantly the Bill of Rights created a system of government based on rule of law and a freely elected Parliament. This was the base of a limited monarchy. Also the Toleration Act was created in 1689. This was important because it granted Puritans the right to free public worship, but not Catholics. James I Glorious Revolution Parliament wanted to avoided James II. Mary, James II married William of Orange, a Dutch leader. A group of nobles told William that England was looking for a change and convinced him to invade. In 1688 William's forces arrived at Torbay and James II retreated, resulting in a bloodless battle. Mary and William accepted Parliament's offer of throne. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:William_and_Mary.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:King_Charles_II_%28Lely%29.jpg http://www.phrases.org.uk/images/cromwell.jpg http://elhs-worldcivilizations.wikispaces.com/file/view/Charles_1.jpg/57315352/Charles_1.jpg http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/james/james6.jpg
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