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Transcript of Assignment 703
How to assess the risks in your workplace
• Identify the hazards
• Decide who might be harmed and how
• Evaluate the risks and decide on precautions
• Record your significant findings
• Review your assessment and update if necessary
What is hazard and what is risk
A hazard is anything that may cause harm, such as chemicals, electricity, working from ladders, an open drawer etc
The risk is the chance, high or low, that somebody could be harmed by these and other hazards, together with an indication of how serious the harm could be.
The enforcement officer is the “instrument” that the state got for check on the whole hospitality sector.
An EHP can enter your premises as any reasonable time (when you are open)
The owner or the manager in charge have to comply with all the request of the EHP, and if they refuse they could be persecuted.
HSE’s emphasis is on prevention but, where appropriate, we will come down hard on those that put others at risk, particularly where we find deliberate flouting of the law.
What could happen if health and safety practices are not followed?
If the procedure are not followed serious injury can occur in the work place, the law imposes a responsibility on the employer to ensure safety at work for all their employees.
Employers have to everything possible to ensure the health, safety of their employees at work.
If the employers fail do so could result in a criminal prosecution in the Magistrates Court or a Crown Court. Failure to ensure safe working practises could also lead to an employee suing for personal injury or in some cases the employer being prosecuted for corporate manslaughter.
As well as this legal responsibility, the employer also has an implied responsibility to take reasonable steps as far as they are able to ensure the health and safety of their employees is not put at risk. So an employer might be found liable for his actions or failure to act even if these are not written in law.
(Health & Safety At Work Act 1974)
After define what the safety regulation is, we have to understand who is in charge for it.
Usually in small structure the owner is directly responsible for the safety procedure, but in bigger company like mine, the management team is in charge for the checking that all the procedure has been respected.
The works figure responsible for health and safety are:
• People in control of work premises
• Self- employed people
• Local authorities
• Health and safety executive
• Enforcement officers
• Environmental health officers
• Health and safety inspectors
Sources of information on health and safety.
In my working place the staff member can find health and safety sheet in every part of the shop, changing room, on every work station can cause possible hazard.
Sources of information can be found on chemical product label:
COOSH, Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH), is the most important source of information for chemical products, help to identify all the possible hazard of the chemical we are using and the correct storage of it.
COSHH covers substances that are hazardous to health. Substances can take many forms and include:
• products containing chemicals
• gases and asphyxiating gases and
• biological agents (germs). If the packaging has any of the hazard symbols then it is classed as a hazardous substance.
• germs that cause diseases such as leptospirosis or legionnaires diseaseand germs used in laboratories.
The benefits of following health and safety practices.
If we reduce all the risks at the minimum and all the staff is trained in health and safety We try to evaluate what is the hazard, who might be armed and how, and all the solutions to reduce the risk.
Benefits can include
• reduced costs;
• reduced risks;
• lower employee absence and turnover rates;
• fewer accidents;
• lessened threat of legal action;
• improved standing among suppliers and partners;
• better reputation for corporate responsibility among investors, customers and communities;
• increased productivity, because employees are healthier, happier and better motivated.
The benefits of a work place design and risk assessment.
If a work place is already design to prevent injuries, equipped with anti-slip floor, fan that reduce the heat, correct storage unit for chemical and knives, the risk assessment would be much easier because already the structure prevent some of the risk by itself.
Hazards and risks
Common causes of accident and ill health at work.
1. slips, trips and falls
2. cutting equipment and knives
3. burns and scalds
4. manual handling and musculoskeletal disorders
6. dangerous substances
7. pressurized gas used in drinks dispensing
8. working in hot environments
9. fire hazards
10. psychosocial hazards
Accident and incident reporting procedures.
Speaking about my work place, our procedure for any accident is to report it on our accident book, that is a legal requirement for every accident; the manager on duty and the victim have to sign the declaration .We cannot give any kind of medicine or cream if the person had a burn.
The procedure for a person who felt from the stairs, or is sick in the restaurant is to call immediately and ambulance.
At least two member of staff need to be trained in first aid. A first-aider is someone who has undertaken training appropriate to the circumstances. They must hold a valid certificate of competence in either:
• first aid at work
• emergency first aid at work
• any other level of training or qualification that is appropriate to the circumstances
Emergencies and emergency reporting procedures.
In case of serious injuries we are using RIDDOR - Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 2013
This site provides information on RIDDOR which puts duties on employers, the self-employed and people in control of work premises (the Responsible Person) to report certain serious workplace accidents, occupational diseases and specified dangerous occurrences (near misses).
The following injuries must be reported:
• fracture (except fingers, thumbs or toes)
• amputation (cutting off) of limbs
• dislocation of a hip, knee or spine
• temporary or permanent loss of sight (blindness)
• eye injuries from chemical
• any injuries from electric shock
• any injuries resulting in hypothermia
You can report filling the form online, call the Incident Contact Center on 0845 300 9923 (opening hours Monday to Friday 8.30 am to 5 pm), or send a letter by post to the RIDDOR head office.
In case of fire in the building we have different extinguishers for fight back the fire. Every single one of them is adapt for a certain kind of fire, electrical, flammable liquid, gases, wood etc. Choose the wrong one and you take the risk to increase the fire.
The first thing that you learn in a new work place is the fire evacuation, the fire exit. Our fire evacuation procedure consist in first thing take the brief sheet with rota and telephone number and start evacuate the whole building trough the fire exit.
Your plan must show how you have:
• a clear passageway to all escape routes
• clearly marked escape routes that are as short and direct as possible
• enough exits and routes for all people to escape
• emergency doors that open easily
• emergency lighting where needed
• training for all employees to know and use the escape routes
• a safe meeting point for staff
In case of electric fire
we would use extinguisher with ABC powder or CO2 or in case of electroshock:
• They may be unconscious, have a weak pulse, have difficulty in breathing or not breathing at all and may have signs of burns.
• The human body conducts electricity so the electric current may still be running through them so do not touch them as you are likely to be shocked too.
• Turn off the main power to the house to prevent any further damage.
• Call the emergency services and notify them that is an electrical accident.