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Baroque Period Music and Art

the Best
by

Julia K

on 28 October 2014

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Transcript of Baroque Period Music and Art

Baroque Period
The late 1500 to the middle of the 1700's is know as the Baroquue Peroi
The late 1500 to the middle of the 1700's is know as the Baroquue Period.
The late 1500's to the middle of the 1700's is know as the Baroque Period. In this period, science lead to improvements in medicine, mining, navigation, and industrial changes, also occured in this music and art world.
The Baroque style of art filled the available space with action and movement.
Painters, sculptors, and architects wanted to create a complete illusion and a sence of dynamics, drama and passion.
Continued experimentation with the use of light also characterized some Baroque artists.
Artist were still commissioned to create works for specific patrons and events. Many artist began to create works then try to sell them.
Rebrandt von Rijn, Peter Paul Rubens, Cluade Lorraie, and Giovanni Lorenzo were some of the well know Baroque artists.
Baropue music went from
Gregorian Chants.
Too differnt scales like
Major
and
Minor.
Similar to those we have today.
Insrtumental

music was now equal importance as
vocal

music. Polyphony was again used frequently.
Characteristics of Baroque
Unity of mood
( having the same mood throughout a piece of music.)
Continuity of the rhythm
( rhythmic patterns that are heard at the beginning of a piece of music.)
Terraced dynamics
( adding groups of instruments in order to achieve additional volume or taking instruments away in order to achieve a smalier volume.)
Polyphonic tezture.
Word Painting
Using music to show the meaning of words.
Example: Ascending scales would represent "climbing the mountain"
Two new forms of music in the Baroque period is
orchestra
a performing group began at this time.
Opera
was also started in this time period.
The Main Composers
Geogre Frideric Handel
Johann Sebastian bach
Antonio Vivaldi

Clavdio Monteverdi
and
Henry Purcell
also contributed greatly to the music of the period especially in the area of opera.
Claudio Monteverdi 1567-1643,
perhapes the greatest composer of the opera during this period.
Operra is a drams that is sung. It is combines several differnt elements of music, such as soloist, ensembles.
Henry Purcell
(1659-1695) Best know English composer for full-lengh opera and several semi-operas. he also developed the musical form known as the
anthem
.
Johann Sebastian Bach
(1685-1750) he was one of the first virtuoso players of the organ. Bach composed in nearly every musical style of his time, except the opera and oratorio. He was particularly known for his mastery of polyphonic form known as the
fugue.
Bach was a major composer of a form called
cantata
which is a work for vocal soloists, chorus, orchestra, and organ; however, it is not a dramatization like an opera.
George Frideric Handel
(1685-1759). Like Bach, he was born in Germany. His instrument was the violin, but he wrote numerous operas, orchestral works, chamber pieces, keyboard music, and secular vocal music. He is best known for his twelve oratorios. An
oratorio
is a large-scale musical work for solo voices, chorus, and orchestra. His most famous oratorio is Handel's messiah, written in 1742.
The Baroque Period artsists focused on the overall action or message of a work rather than placing importance on the figures or objects themselves.
Claude Lorraine
was a French artist born in 1600 and known for his landscape paintings. By 1627 he moved to Rome; he remained there for the rest of his life. He painted the
Roman countryside
, and his subjects came from the Bible and other ancients and medieval epics.
Full transcript