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History of Salish Sea

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Cara Cristion

on 5 June 2014

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Transcript of History of Salish Sea

The Salish Sea
Explorers
George Vancouver explored Puget Sound in 1792.
Native Cultures
Two of the four members of the Cape I Class of Roll-on/Roll-off Cargo Ships, were originally built for the commercial trade but were turned over to the Maritime Administration upon their completion and named USNS Mercury & USNS Jupiter. Placed into operation in 1977.
Cites
http://www.joejack.com/coastsalishhistory.html
The Salish Sea includes the Strait of Juan de Fuca, the Strait of Georgia, Puget Sound, and all their connecting channels and adjoining waters.
Geroge Vancouver was an officer in the British Navy.
Vancouver captained the ship, "Discovery" and explored all over the Pacific Northwest, naming mountains, rivers and seas as he went.
The Puget sound was named after Peter Puget, who was a junior cadet that was with Vancouver.
Maritime History
Maritime History
Coast Salish were excellent mariners and traveled extensively through the region in canoes that ranged in size from solo craft up to massive multi-family vessels. They favored open canoes over sea kayaks for their ease of loading supplies and family members. They shared the waters with orca whales and were often inspired to embellish their craft with artistic representations of the orcas.
Native Cultures
The young and the middle-aged men generally wore a belt to which was attached a small free-hanging front covering of shredded red-cedar bark or deerskin. Woman wore a knee-length skirt of wool, deerskin, or shredded bark. Everyday clothing consisted of full size raw animal skins, usually with the fur on, with an area cut out for the head and strapped around the waist.
Native Cultures
Men used cedar to create planks and posts for houses, or to make one of six styles of canoe. Women used cedar bark to create decorated watertight baskets and waterproof clothing, and combined mountain goat wool, dog hair, and fireweed fluff to weave elegant blankets.
http://www.sea-quest-kayak.com/information-kayaking/coast-salish-tribes
https://content.lib.washington.edu/aipnw/thrush.html
The canoes that coastal First Nations people built to meet their transportation needs were made from the tall cedar tree. The cedar was felled and hollowed by lighting a small fire at the base with the fire being fed with cedar bark until a large hole was hollowed . When the tree was on the ground it was slowly shaped with a small D-shaped hand tool called an "adze". The wood was shaped using hot water and cross pieces of wood in order to make the canoe wider in the middle and narrow at the ends. In order to make the canoe as smooth as possible, the rough skin of dogfish was used. Finally the canoe was greased with whale oil to preserve it and ensure it a long life.
Adze
Northern Canoe
http://web.uvic.ca/~mroth/438/ENVIRONMENT/firstpeoples.html.html
First Nations on Vancouver Island hunted river otters for their meat and pelts, and later participated in the European fur trade.
River Otters
River Otters live in coastal waters or in rocky shore lined areas.

One issue that is both dangerous for the Salish Sea and River Otters is the possibility of oil spills.
Their economy was based on rich marine resources such as salmon, herring roe, waterfowl and their eggs, clams and other shellfish, and kelp and other algaes. Coastal tribes also traded with the Interior Salish via trails over the Cascade mountain passes. Their knowledge and the natural wealth of their territories allowed them a very high standard of living compared to other native North Americans, and afforded them the time to pursue arts and develop what was reputedly the most egalitarian society in the world.
River Otters
http://mysalishsea.ca/river-otter
Salish Sea
Goat wool was a luxury item, and a mark of social prominence compared to buckskin. It was especially scarce and very expensive


Oil can get through their fur and cause hypothermia.

Also, Otters are carnivores and some toxins can accumulated in their body tissues.
It was named for the first inhabitants, the Salish people. Name was changed to Salish Sea in 1988 by a man named Bert Webber.
Salish Sea
It Is Governed by the United States and Canada.
http://www.historylink.org/index.cfm?DisplayPage=output.cfm&File_Id=5359
Canoes
When families would move to their summer fishing villages they would tie two canoes together and place planks across the canoes, being able to haul more goods. The planks across the canoes were also used for ceremonies when arriving at other tribal villages.
Canoes
Early explores and missionaries were impressed by the construction, sophistication, size, speed and grace of such fragile looking canoes. With the thick forest, dense brush of the Northwest coast and the amount of goods to be carried to summer fishing sites.
The most common canoes in the Coast Salish area are, Northern, Nootkan/West Coast, Coast Salish, Salish shovel-nosed river and Coast Salish racing
Canoes
Nootkan/West Coast Canoe
Canoes
Shovel-nosed river Canoe
Coast Salish Canoe
Coast Salish racing Canoe
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