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The Holy Catholic Church

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jennie heston

on 17 November 2014

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Transcript of The Holy Catholic Church

What is the church?
The Holy Catholic Church
- In Greek
Meanings of the Word "church"
- In Latin
- In German
- In English
Ekklesia
- Greek for "church"

- it means "the assembly"

- Used in the Greek Old Testament for the assembly of the Chosen People before God
Ecclesia
- Ekklesia translated into Latin:
ecclesia

- means a convocation or an assembly
- English and German: Kirche

- means “what belongs to the Lord”.
Kirche
In Christian Usage
- The word “church” in Christian usage
designates
1) an assembly of people gathered
together for liturgy, especially
Eucharist;
2) a liturgical assembly gathered in a
particular locale
3) the whole universal community of
believers world-wide, living and dead.
- God the Father prepared humanity for the Church through:
- Abraham's call;
- Israel's election as the People of God;
- the prophets announcing a new and eternal covenant.

- God the Son structured the Church by choosing twelve apostles,
representing the twelve tribes of Israel.

- The origin and growth of the Church are symbolized by the blood
and water which flowed from the open side of the crucified Jesus.

- God the Holy Spirit was sent on Pentecost to sanctify the Church.
This initiated the spread of the Gospel.
The Church's Origins, Foundation and Mission
1. People of God
- The first People of God were the Isrealites
- Someone becomes a member of the People of
God through Baptism
- The People of God are a Priestly, prophetic
and royal people.
- These three offices of Christ (priest,
prophet and king) are shared by all
of the people of God.
Concepts of the Church
2. Body of Christ

- The bond between Christ and his Church

- When Jesus died, he promised to remain
with us until the end of time; he sent us
his spirit through the sacrament of
communion

- We are One Body. Christ is the head and
we are the members embracing both unity
and diversity in our members.
Temple of the Holy Spirit, Dwelling of the Living God

- The Holy Spirit is the invisible principle
through which all of the parts of the body
are joined with each other and with the
glorious head

- "What the soul is to the human body, the Holy
Spirit is to the Body of Christ, which is the
Church."
Concepts of the Church
Concepts of the Church
Marks of the Church
... small
It is Christ, through the Holy Spirit,
who makes the Church
one, holy, catholic, and apostolic.
The Church is One
- Acknowledges one Lord

- Confesses one faith

- Born of one Baptism

- Given life by one Spirit
The Church is Holy

- The Most Holy God the Father is her author.

- Jesus Christ, the Son, gave himself up to make
her holy.

- The Spirit of holiness is with the Church and
gives her life.

- Within her members, perfect holiness is
something yet to be acquired.
1) All members of the Church, including
her ministers, acknowledge that they
are sinners.
2) By canonizing some of the faithful, the
Church recognizes the power of the
Spirit of holiness within her.
3) We canonize saints, who are sinners, by
solemnly proclaiming that they
practiced heroic virtue and lived in
faithfullness to God's grace.
The Church is Catholic
- "Catholic" means "universal"

- She is sent out to all peoples.
- She speaks to all people.
- She encompasses all times.
- She is missionary in her very
nature.
The Church is Apostolic


- The Church was and remains built on the
foundation of the Apostles

- The Church continues to be taught, sanctified
and guided by the apostles through their
successors, the college of bishops, assisted
by priests, in union with the Pope.

- All members of the Church share in the
vocation of spreading the Kingdom of Christ in
the world.
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