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Renaissance Theatre in Spain and Italy
Transcript of Renaissance Theatre in Spain and Italy
Italy and Spain
An improvised theatre event.
The performances were built around a
and made use of set speeches,
, and practiced physical business, usually (but not always) of a comedic or farcical nature.
Each stock character had a standard costume and
. Only the lovers did not wear masks.
Each character had a
or style of speaking.
Commedia dell'arte was broadly physical.
Short bits of clownish comedy was called
Troupes averaged 10-12 members.
Performers were both male and female.
Spain's Golden Age
The golden age in Spain began with the Arrival of playwright Lope de Vega.
Lope was a contemporary of Shakespeare.
Lope wrote one of the first studies of playwrighting.
He asserted that plays should combine characters from different classes, mix serious and comedic scenes, and should above all enteratain.
Pedro Calderon de la Barca
A Jesuit priest and a playwright.
His work, Life is a Dream, is one of the most revered works from this era.
The Renaissance began in the 14th century with a renewed interest in the classical theatre of Greece and Rome.
By the early 16th century plays imitating classical forms were written in Italian and performed at court festivals.
Artists looked to classical sources for inspiration, especially
De Architectura by Vitruvius
He described how theatre should be laid out and the settings to three types of plays: tragedy, comedy and pastoral.
In 1545 Sebastian Serlio published Architeturra with his version of Vitruvius' settings using Renaissance perspective painting.
The move to a forced perspective sets that created space and distance signaled a move toward representational and pictorial stages.
Eventually a the backdrops were broken up into multiple scenic pieces that were used to create a three-dimensional set. These pieces included side wings, backdrops and overhead boarders.
This new type of set needed a frame so the audience could not see over or around the set, thus the proscenium arch was created.
One of the most significant theatre forms of the Renaissance was
Commedia dell'Arte was:
The Stock Characters:
Did not wear masks
for his most
There were always a minium of 2 servants, 1 clever and 1 stupid.