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Renaissance Theatre in Spain and Italy

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Melissa Vaughan-Kleppel

on 5 September 2015

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Transcript of Renaissance Theatre in Spain and Italy

Renaissance Theatre in
Italy and Spain

An improvised theatre event.
The performances were built around a
scenario
and made use of set speeches,
stock characters
, and practiced physical business, usually (but not always) of a comedic or farcical nature.
Each stock character had a standard costume and
mask
. Only the lovers did not wear masks.
Each character had a
standard dialogue
or style of speaking.
Commedia dell'arte was broadly physical.
Short bits of clownish comedy was called
"lazzi."
Troupes averaged 10-12 members.
Performers were both male and female.
Spain's Golden Age
The golden age in Spain began with the Arrival of playwright Lope de Vega.
Lope was a contemporary of Shakespeare.
Lope wrote one of the first studies of playwrighting.
He asserted that plays should combine characters from different classes, mix serious and comedic scenes, and should above all enteratain.
Pedro Calderon de la Barca
A Jesuit priest and a playwright.
His work, Life is a Dream, is one of the most revered works from this era.
The Renaissance began in the 14th century with a renewed interest in the classical theatre of Greece and Rome.
By the early 16th century plays imitating classical forms were written in Italian and performed at court festivals.
Artists looked to classical sources for inspiration, especially

De Architectura by Vitruvius
He described how theatre should be laid out and the settings to three types of plays: tragedy, comedy and pastoral.

Tragedy
Comedy
Pastoral
In 1545 Sebastian Serlio published Architeturra with his version of Vitruvius' settings using Renaissance perspective painting.
The move to a forced perspective sets that created space and distance signaled a move toward representational and pictorial stages.
Eventually a the backdrops were broken up into multiple scenic pieces that were used to create a three-dimensional set. These pieces included side wings, backdrops and overhead boarders.
This new type of set needed a frame so the audience could not see over or around the set, thus the proscenium arch was created.
One of the most significant theatre forms of the Renaissance was
Commedia dell'Arte
Commedia dell'Arte was:
The Stock Characters:
Most Realistic
Did not wear masks
The Masters
Pantalone
Elderly
Venetian
Merchant
Dottore
Lawyer or
Doctor
Capitano
Braggart and
coward
The Lovers
The Servants
"Zanni"
Arlecchino
Use his
slapstick
for his most
famous Lazzi
There were always a minium of 2 servants, 1 clever and 1 stupid.
Full transcript