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Transcript of Metis Timeline
(1869- 1870) Red River Resistance
19 unarmed Metis riders rode to the border of Manitoba, the Metis stepped on the surveyors’ chain, signaling their intention to oppose the distant Canadian Government’s plan to use the west for agricultural immigration. Louis Riel lead the resistance. They were trying to end the Government because the Metis thought they were trying to take their land. The Metis were trying to get Manitoba as a province. It affected Metis rights because they got the railway built on their land, and never got compensation for it.
During the numbered treaties, the government issued scrips to the Métis. Métis that accepted scrips would be given a plot of land and the government won’t protect them. If they decide not to take the scrip, they would be moved into Indian reserves and be treated as a native. Many Métis moved west into the lands now called Alberta and Saskatchewan.
(1885) The Northwest Resistance
An unsuccessful rebellion by the Metis against the Canadian Government. The uprising was led by by Louis Riel. The Metis felt the the government had fail in addressing and protecting their rights and their land.
(1896-1910) St.Paul des Metis
St. Paul Métis is a Métis settlement which was created on a plot of land that were provided by the Catholic Church nearby. The Métis did not have title to this land and were forced to leave when the settlement closed.
(1938) The Metis Population Betterment Act
The Government created a committee of members of the Métis and the government to plot out lands for allocation to the Métis.Twelve areas were mapped out. Revisions to the act reduced Metis role in the Committee. They were given money to build resources for their life. By 1960, only eight of the original lands were still in the hands of the Métis.
(1940- 1960) Metis Settlements
Temporary settlements did not give the Métis control of the land. When four of the settlements proved unsuitable for farming, hunting or fishing, the settlements were closed and the land went back to the government of Alberta. They were given these settlements through the Metis Population Betterment Act in 1938 which gave twelve temporary Métis settlement.
(1982) Constitution Rights
The Metis lobbied for the recognition of Metis rights in Canada’s constitution. The constitution has section 35 that recognizes the Metis as Aboriginal people with rights.
By: Leif, Liam, Justin and Arijit
In April, the Métis in Manitoba launched a court case seeking compensation for land promised, but not delivered, in the Manitoba Act.
The Métis finally won in 2013 and won around 300,000,000 in compensations."This was to the detriment of the Metis but now is the time to put the past behind us as we focus on future investment opportunities for young Metis people." says the Supreme court
(2006)Winnipeg Land Claims
(2004) Metis Hunting and Fishing Rights
The Metis Settlements General council struck an agreement with the government of Alberta that recognizes Metis fishing and hunting rights. This agreement allows Metis to hunt and fish for food without a license.
(1990) Metis Settlements in Alberta
Alberta’s government created permanent Métis land for the Métis which included; Constitution of Alberta Amendment Act, Métis Settlements Accord Implementation, Métis Settlements Act and Métis Settlements Land Protection Act. The Métis also got the right to participate in the development of oil and gas resources on settlement lands.
(2003) Supreme Court and The Constitution
The Supreme Court ruled that the Métis have the right to hunt and fish, as one of Canada’s "Aboriginal peoples" under the constitution. These rights recognize the unique relationships to the land of the Métis, based in history and their inherent rights as an Aboriginal people.
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