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Chapter 1: Making Inferences
Transcript of Chapter 1: Making Inferences
What does it mean to infer?
Inference needs to be supported by
from the source
Let's try this one ...
Student X studies at Raffles Institution.
Examples of Inference Questions
What does Source A say/show/tell about _____?
Inference : Making logical guesses and supporting them with evidence from the source
What will I learn today ?
What does it mean to infer?
Examples of inferential questions
Using PCTP to examine a source before forming inferences
SBQ Skill of Making Inferences !
logical guess about a source
and then coming to a
about a question that is asked about that source
Inference can be obtained by studying the
in a source
Inference doesn't mean copying words from the source. You should make guesses based on what you read in the source.
What can you tell about student X?
What can you infer about ______ ?
What can you tell about ______?
How to answer inferential questions…
A Statement that has your inference
Evidence from the source to support inference made
Linking evidence to inference made
When you show support from source, always show where the support is from.
For example: Source A says…
Use single apostrophes to show that
you are quoting.
For example: Source A says ‘…………….’
Inference is not copying from the source
Types of inference questions
Use PCTP to examine & understand a source
Source X tells me that ...
Source X says '_______'
This shows that ....
the source first !
In order to Make an inference . . .
1) You need to look at the question carefully.
2) Then you need to study/examine the source details.
How Do you study/examine a source, in detail?
Found at the top of the source, tells us about who wrote the source, where is the source from or what is the main idea of the source.
refers to what you read/see in the source details which will be used to form inferences
Does the source take a positive or negative tone. Look at the types of words used. Not all sources have tone.
What is the reason the source was created? (
Who is the source targeted at?
What is the source trying to say (i.e. inference)
What actions does the author want his audience to take after reading the source. E.g.: - Do something, stop doing something, change something, support someone/issue, stop supporting someone etc
Support your answer with evidence from the source
Why did the author
Writing VAMIE ...
The author wants to ____________ (V) _____________ (A) that ______________(M) so that ______________ (I). This is seen in source X which says that “__________” (E).
CC in English Language!!
Eg: convince, persuade, encourage, urge, motivate, influence, praise, ridicule, mock, educate
How do I write down my
in proper paragraph?
of PCTP? How do I identify this purpose and write it in proper paragraph?
What Will I learn today?
Qtn: Why was the source written?
Put your inference and VAMIE together !