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# Chapter 1: Making Inferences

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## Siti Hafizah Subramaniam

on 9 March 2018

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#### Transcript of Chapter 1: Making Inferences

What is an Inference . . .
What does it mean to infer?
Inference needs to be supported by
evidence
from the source
Let's try this one ...
Student X studies at Raffles Institution.
Examples of Inference Questions
What does Source A say/show/tell about _____?
Conclusion
Inference : Making logical guesses and supporting them with evidence from the source
What will I learn today ?
What does it mean to infer?
Examples of inferential questions
Using PCTP to examine a source before forming inferences
SBQ Skill of Making Inferences !
Making a
and then coming to a
conclusion
Inference can be obtained by studying the
details
in a source
Inference doesn't mean copying words from the source. You should make guesses based on what you read in the source.
Source A:
Inference Question:
What can you tell about student X?
What can you infer about ______ ?
What can you tell about ______?
S
tatement
A Statement that has your inference

E
vidence
Evidence from the source to support inference made

E
xplanation
S

E

E
S
E
S
E
E
E
E
When you show support from source, always show where the support is from.
For example: Source A says…
Use single apostrophes to show that
you are quoting.
For example: Source A says ‘…………….’
Inference is not copying from the source
Types of inference questions
Use PCTP to examine & understand a source
Statement:
Source X tells me that ...
Evidence:
Source X says '_______'
Explanation:
This shows that ....
E

Examine
the source first !
In order to Make an inference . . .
1) You need to look at the question carefully.
2) Then you need to study/examine the source details.
PCTP!
How Do you study/examine a source, in detail?
P
rovenance

C
ontent

T
one

P
urpose
Provenance:

Found at the top of the source, tells us about who wrote the source, where is the source from or what is the main idea of the source.
Content:
refers to what you read/see in the source details which will be used to form inferences
Tone:
Does the source take a positive or negative tone. Look at the types of words used. Not all sources have tone.
Purpose:
What is the reason the source was created? (
V
A
M
I
E
)
Verb:
Audience:
Who is the source targeted at?
Message:
What is the source trying to say (i.e. inference)
Impact:
What actions does the author want his audience to take after reading the source. E.g.: - Do something, stop doing something, change something, support someone/issue, stop supporting someone etc
Evidence:
Why did the author
______?
Writing VAMIE ...
The author wants to ____________ (V) _____________ (A) that ______________(M) so that ______________ (I). This is seen in source X which says that “__________” (E).
Using..
Similar to
PA
CC in English Language!!
Eg: convince, persuade, encourage, urge, motivate, influence, praise, ridicule, mock, educate
How do I write down my
inference
in proper paragraph?
Remember
Purpose

of PCTP? How do I identify this purpose and write it in proper paragraph?

What Will I learn today?
Qtn: Why was the source written?
Statement
Evidence
Explanation
Statement
Evidence
Explanation
Verb
Audience
Message
Impact
Evidence
Inference 1
Inference 2
Purpose
Put your inference and VAMIE together !
Full transcript