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The French Revolution Culminating: The Second Estate (Nobility)
Transcript of The French Revolution Culminating: The Second Estate (Nobility)
Ancestors fought for first kings and thus became nobles of the sword
Granted large amounts of money and property/ well respected in French courts
Marriages within Royal family
More fortunate than nobles of the robe Political Crisis Nobles resist Louis
Disagreement between estates over voting Need for Change Nobles set to take advantage of Louis/France
Positions of nobles
Estates under control of nobles Estates General Called together for the first time in a century
Nobles argue for tradition National Assembly Nobles try to preserve social position
Limit king's power
Nobles positions not reinforced (Third Estate ignoring)
Nobles ordered to join national assembly
Reforms of National Assembly (lost status, no special treatment in court, no exemption from military) First Wave of Nobles emigrate October Days Home of the Nobles stormed by angry women
King lost power/ status
Fear: peasant revolt After October Days
France in fear of lives
Nobles fear positions being threatened
In case peasants decided to wipe out whole Royal family: ran away End of Feudalism All men are equal
Nobles lost power (special privileges)
Peasants no longer supplied services
Nobles hoped to preserve social position Declaration of Rights of the
Man and Citizen Significant document
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Reaction in countryside Great Fear Nobles houses are burned
Titles of nobles abolished
Led to end of feudalism Constitution Made National Assembly's reforms legal law
Enlightened ideals abided
Made by Napoleon (equal to others under law) Post Revolution Digress of social status
Loss of special privileges The Reign of Terror, was when "the ruling faction ruthlessly exterminated all potential enemies, of whatever sex, age, or condition," (Cody) Shortage of food: "if a harvest fell by around 10 percent, which was common, people went hungry." (Smitha) "Any law which violates the inalienable rights of man is essentially unjust and tyrannical; it is not a law at all." - Robespierre