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GREEK THEATRE

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by

Brenda Phansukhumthana

on 19 March 2014

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Transcript of GREEK THEATRE

Orchestra:
chorus dances, sings, and interacts with actors near the skene

Theatron:
area where audience sits

Skene:
backstage

Parados:
pathways for entering and exiting
Origins of Theater - Parts of a Greek Theatre
Picture
Sophocles
born in 495 BC
wrote more than 120 plays
16 years old: lead a choir at a victory celebration
first person to add a third actor
became an actor but gave up due to weak voice
BRENDA
GREEK THEATRE
Background on Oedipus Rex
tragedy
greatest work of Sophocles
heroes were mortals
murder and sexual crimes offended the gods
Delphi is an important place of prophecy (prediction)
myths about Thebes and Athen's rivals
Chorus
talent for singing and dancing
trained by poets
wears costumes and masks
had 12 members but three added by Sophocles
enter by three rows of five
Chorus
Dionysus (god of wine and fertility)
followers: satyrs and maenals
December (countryside) and March (city)
wooden statue delivered to Athens and kills a bull as a sacrifice
performance of dithyramb
Pictures
maenals
satyrs
Dionysus (god of wine and fertility)
Dionysiac cult members
tells myths
6th century BC: Thespis acted out the myth, creating tragedy
gained popularity
Pisistratus constructed a theatre
Apollo (god of prophecy and healing)
carries fire and light
an important God of Oedipus Rex
always has correct predictions
types of chorus
codrax (comedy)
sicinnis (satryic)
emmelia (tragedy)
sings parados
narrates and acts as crowds and extras
Coryphaios (leader of a chorus)
Sphinx
represents strength and courage
symbols for lion god and king pharaoh
accompanied kings to battle
Sphinx
Greek Legend
The Sphinx eats travelers who couldn't answer her riddles. However, if they could, she destroys herself.

Egyptian Prince
Sphinx told him that she'll make him the ruler if he cleared the sand away.
Afterward, the Egyptian prince became Pharaoh Thutmose IV.
Historians believed he did this to cover up his assassination towards his brothers
Sphinx
Pharaoh Thutmose IV
Sphinx
Discoveries
Tunnels
near the rear
behind the head
between the tail and paws
Anomalies
could be chambers or passageways
Aristotle's Poetics
Structure of Tragedy
Plot (arrangement of incidents)
beginning, middle, and end
complex/simple
Characters (support plot)
realistic
logical
idealized
true
Thoughts (how words reveal a character)
Aristotle's Poetics
Structure of Tragedy
Diction (meaning of words)
Melody (musical element - chorus)
Spectacle
Katharsis (end of tragedy)

Drama "shows", not tell
What MAY happen, not what HAS happened


Aristotle's Poetics
Tragic Hero
high status
has high moral standards
not perfect
hamartia (tragic flaw)
error of judgement
character flaw
hubris (over confidence)
the fall increases the tragic hero's awareness and let him gain knowledge
catharsis - cleans or end the tragedy (emotion of pity and fear)
Dionysus
Pisistratus
Greek Theatre
Full transcript