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Master thesis defense

Presentation to present my master thesis
by

Karlijn Engels

on 8 July 2013

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Transcript of Master thesis defense

Spending a limited amount of time using a management flight simulator: can it change attitudinal beliefs?
What will I present today?
Background
Research questions
Relevance
Method
Results
Conclusion
Discussion
Time for you to ask critical questions!
Background
Background I
Bounded rationality (Simon, 1991)

System: collection of elements and interactions between these elements, that together function as a whole and produce behavior.

System Dynamics

Method
Results I
Conclusion I
Are there any questions from the public?
Master thesis defense
Karlijn Engels
July 8, 2013

Research questions
Main research question
What is the relationship between experimenting with a management flight simulator for a limited amount of time and change of attitudinal beliefs, and to what extent can this relationship be explained by increased understanding through the management flight simulator?
Sub questions
What is the relationship between experimentation with a management flight simulator for a limited amount of time and change of attitudinal beliefs?
To what extent does experimentation with a management flight simulator for a limited amount of time result in an increased understanding of actions and outcomes?
To what extent can the relationship between experimentation and change of attitudinal beliefs be explained by an increased understanding of actions and outcomes?
Relevance
Theoretical
Previous studies: mostly positive results, but extensive use of management flight simulator (90 minutes +)
Practical
Theory of planned behavior (Ajzen, 1991): attitudinal beliefs attitude towards behavior behavioral intention behavior.
More efficient use of management flight simulators
Ajzen, I. & Fishbein, M. (1980). Understanding
Attitudes and Predicting Social Behaviour.
Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Fishbein, M. & Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief, Attitude,
Intention, and Behaviour: an introduction to
theory and research. Reading, MA: Addison-
Wesley
Simon, H. (1991). Bounded Rationality and
Organizational Learning. Organization Science,
2 (1), pp. 125 - 134.


Management flight simulators

Based on stock and flow diagram
Computer-based "game".
Risk free, minimal cost, helps develop different skills
Test scenarios
Learn through trial-and-error
Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen & Fishbein, 1980; Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975)
Management flight simulators enable people to test their assumptions
Theory of Planned Behavior: attitude is determined by beliefs about the outcomes of behavior and evaluation of these outcomes
Can using a management flight simulator change attitudinal beliefs?
Experiment:


96 participants: 42 in group 1, 54 in group 2
Expected outcomes of behavior: significantly higher score after using the MFS, for both groups.
Evaluation of outcomes: no significant difference between answers before & after MFS.
Increase of understanding: both groups give better answers after using the MFS. Group 2's answers improved significantly more than group 1's answers.
No relationship increased understanding & attitudinal beliefs.
Evaluation of MFS
Usefulness: score of 5.29 out of 7
New insights: 5.31 out of 7
Improves decisions: 4.91 out of 7.
No significant difference between group 1 & 2.
What is the relationship between experimentation with a management flight simulator for a limited amount of time and change of attitudinal beliefs?
Changes expected outcomes of behavior for both groups: unrelated to degree of experimentation?
No changes in evaluation of the outcomes
To what extent does experimentation with a management flight simulator for a limited amount of time result in an increased understanding of actions and outcomes?
Both groups gave better answers after using the MFS. Higher percentage, less incorrect answers, more optimal answers.
Correlation between group and answer: group 2 gave better answers
Participants in both groups were very positive about the MFS
To what extent can the relationship between experimentation and change of attitudinal beliefs be explained by an increase in understanding of actions and outcomes?
No correlation between increased understanding and change of attitudinal beliefs.
Using a management flight simulator for a limited amount of time can lead to changes in expected outcome of behavior, but it does not change the evaluation of these outcomes.
Experimenting with a management flight simulator does increase understanding to a considerable extent. Just receiving an explanation about the system (through a model) also does.
The relationship between experimentation and change of attitudinal beliefs cannot be explained by increased understanding.
What is the relationship between experimenting with a management flight simulator for a limited amount of time and change of attitudinal beliefs, and to what extent can this relationship be explained by increased understanding through the management flight simulator?
Background III
Background IV
Results II
Conclusion II
Conclusion III
Background II
References
SD supports understanding of behavior in (complex) systems.
Tools: Causal Loop Diagrams, Stock and Flow Diagrams and...
Discussion
Only 10 minutes using MFS does increase understanding
Experimentation is no prerequisite to improve understanding
If increasing understanding is the goal, MFS can be used very efficiently
Contributions
Limitations
Participants already held strong opinions about gender equality: subject too well-known?
Link to the management flight simulator
Female professors task
Full transcript