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Transcript of MEXICO
Mexican food is known in all the world. It comes from 9000 years before with Mayas. It is a non-meat diet, only from small animals. Corn was very important. They had very accurate calendars to plant. Spain also brought food and condiments to mexican food.
The Mexican people consider food one of the most important parts of their culture.
SOURCES OF INFORMATION
There are many places to visit in Mexico city
THE MAYAN CIVILIZATION IS OUTSTANDING COMPARING WITH THE OTHERS, THEY HAVE GREAT ADVANCES ON ARCHITECTURE, POTTERY, WRITING, CALENDAR MAKING AND MATHEMATICS.
MAYA AND TEOTIHUACAN START TO DECLINE SO OTHER STATES START TO COMPETE FOR POWER. TOLTECS WERE SUCCESSFUL AND THEY STATED THE FIRST EMPIRE.
TOLTECS KEEP RULING. THEN, INTERNAL CONFLICTS ARRIVE WITH NEW INVADERS
Other regional groups appear: Maya, Zapotec, Totonac, and Teotihuacán civilizations
THE FIRST CIVILIZATION APPEARED: THE OLMECS
TOLTECS ARE FINALLY DEFEATED BY THE CHICHIMECA, A GROUP OF TRIBES
Another priest Jose Morelos was a leader of Mexico's independence and proclaims the Mexican republic
Mexican leaders start planning again the way to separate for Spain. They are looking for equality and freedom. "In August 1821, the last Spanish viceroy is forced to sign the Treaty of Córdoba, marking the official beginning of Mexican independence."
Francisco Hernández de Córdoba, first arrived to Mexico in the Yucatan Peninsula from Cuba. Native people attacked and killed most of his men. Córdoba goes back to Cuba and asks for more people in order to attack again.
CORTEZ COMES BACK FOR CUBA WITH SHIPS AND MANY MEN AND COULD CONQUER THE CITIES FROM CIVILIZATIONS OF THE GULF OF MEXICO. THEY COULD ALSO LEARN ABOUT LIVES OF AZTECS. SPANISH PEOPLE COULD CONQUER MORE SPACE OF MEXICO.
Napoleón Bonaparte takes control of Spain and places his brother in command, creating a crisis in Spain. In 1810, father Manuel Hidalgo call for Mexican independence. El grito de dolores is was the revolutionary action made by thousands of people. However, this rebellion looses stenghts and is defeated. The priest was captured and killed in 1811. However, Mexicans celebrate their independence day on Sept. 16, 1810.
THE COUNTRY OF MEXICO DOESN'T HAVE AN OFFICIAL RELIGION, BUT ARE MANY RELIGIONS LIKE: CHRISTIAN, ROMAN CATHOLIC,AND THE ONE WHO BELIEVES IN THE ANGEL OF THE DEAD.
11.5% OF THE POPULATION BELIEVE IN CHRISTIAN RELIGION
89% OF THE POPULATION BELIEVE IN ROMAN CATHOLIC
IN THE TOTAL POPULATION ONLY 47% PERCENT PEOPLE ATTEND CHURCH SERVICE WEEKLY.
MEXICO'S ART IS KNOWN FOR ITS FOLK ART TRADITIONS MOSTLY DERIVED FROM TE INDIGENOUS AND ESÀNISH CRAFT. THE ART STARTED FROM 1800 BC TO 1500 AD CERTAIN ARTS WERE REPEATED THROUGHT THE REGION.
The Castle Chichen Itza
Mexico City Methropolitan Cathedral
Palacio de Bellas Artes
Many mexican cities, towns, and villages hold a yearly festival to commemorate their
saints, the people pray and burn candles to honor their saints in churches decoreted with flowers and colorful utensil.( This is called the day of the dead.)
Public celebrations are held in honor of Mary, the Virgin of Guadalupe, on December 12. Catholics from Mexico and other countries pay pilgrimage to see an image of Mary, believed to be authentic, in the Basilica of Guadalupe in Mexico City. Children are dressed in traditional costumes and are blessed in churches. Thousands of people come to church to pray.
Each state is free to make its own constitution. "Federalism is defined as a system of government where there is one strong, central controlling authority, or the principles of a political party called the Federalists."
THE TRADITIONAL NATIONAL SPORT OF MEXICO IS THE CHARRARIA, WHICH CONSISTS ON A SERIES OF EQUESTIAN EVENTS. THE NATIONAL HORSE OF MEXICO, USED IN CHARRERI IS THE AZTECA. BULFIGHTING IS ALSO POPULAR. MEXICO HAS THE LARGEST VENUE FOR BULLFIGHTING IN TE WORLD- THE PLAZA DE TOROS IN MEXICO CITY WICH SEATS 48,000 PEOPLE.
"Mariachi music is the first thing that comes to mind when one thinks of Mexican music."
3. Classic Guitar
4. 5-string Guitar
MEXICO IS NOT CONSIDERET PART OF CENTRAL AMERICA
MEXICO IS DIVIDED INTO THIRTY-ONE STATE AND A FEDERAL DISTRICT.
MEXICO HAS THE ISLAND GUADALUPE AND REVILAGIGEDO.
MEXICO COVERS 1,972,550 SQUARE KILOMETERS AND 6,000 SQUARE KILOMETERS OF ISLANDS IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN.