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Charles V vs. Philip II
Transcript of Charles V vs. Philip II
- Palmer, R.R, Joel Cotton, and Lloyd Kramer. A History of the Modern World. Tenth. New York: McGraw Hill, 2007. 121-141. Print. 19 Oct 2012.
http://www.flash-screen.com/free-wallpaper/landscape-in-spain-wallpaper/landscape-in-spain-wallpaper-11835,1366x768,11835.html Comparison Comparison Comparison He was the heir of three European dynasties: The House of Hapsburg, the House of Valois-Burgundy, and the House of Trastámara. Despite being the first true King of Spain, in his earlier years there he felt more like a foreigner due never being fully assimilated with the culture. Despite being a German Archduke from the House of Hapsburg, Philip was actually seen as a foreigner in the Holy Roman Empire, which reflected his own personal feelings. While they are father and son, these two leaders grew up in two culturally-different backgrounds, giving each a fundamentally different upbringing. This may have provided them with different cultural values that they carried through their lives, as well as different opinions concerning the countries in Europe. Lost the "Invincible Armada" in the attempted invasion of England (1588). Failed to suppress the Netherlands Revolt (1566). As a result of Philip's gloomy working-style and his rumored cruel and arrogant disposition, combined with his strong push for Spanish success and domination, many Europeans (epecially in the Low Countries) had a much lower opinion of Philip II's reign than that of Charles V. This gave Philip a more negative legacy than his
father. “You may assure His Holiness, that rather than suffer the least damage to religion and the service of God, I would lose all my states and an hundred lives, if I had them; for I do not propose nor desire to be the ruler of heretics.” - Philip II Called Martin Luther to the Diet of Worms (1521), outlawing him and his followers that year. In order to combat the Protestant Reformation, he called for the Council of Trent that began the Counter-Reformation. Oversaw the Spanish exploration and colonization of the Americas, as well as the Spanish conquests of the Aztecs and Incas. The "Black Legend" was developed during Philip's reign, and it demonized and criticized the actions of the Spanish Conquistadors and Empire during this time. During his reign the Jesuit order was also established by St. Ignacio de Loyola to combat Protestantism. Strived to enforce Catholicism through the intensification of the Inquisition. Attempted but failed in invading England with his Spanish Armada. Became the unpopular King of England after his marriage to Queen Mary I. Both leaders shared many of the same goals, such as for the end of the Protestant Reformation and the triumph of Catholicism as the one true religion. During the Netherlands Revolt, however, due to Charles V having grown up in this region, his actions were seen as being less cold and cruel than that of Philip. And this belief was reinforced when Philip, after visiting the Spanish Netherlands in 1559, decided to never return there due to
his dislike of the place. The never ending warfare that occurred during his reign characterized his rule by high taxes, heavy debt and large money-borrowing. Rebecca Guy Taking his father's advice on how to effectively rule very seriously, Philip developed a grave and distrustful attitude that would later on lead to the harsh image many Europeans would view him by. He was a firmly against the Protestant Reformation during this time, and as a result pushed for the Council of Trent that began the Counter-Reformation. Continued the workings of the Inquisition against heresy. Major goal was to establish a strong and unified Catholic Empire throughout Europe. Responsible for 4 different bankruptcies in Spain. Having ruled the Holy Roman Empire for decades and concluding that ruling a region so vast was impossible for one man, he decided to split the ruling authority between Philip II and Ferdinand I. There is much disparity between how Philip II was seen as a ruler; his supporters felt he was an archetypical gentleman caring father, while his enemies saw him as a despotic monster full of cruelty. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8d/Slag_bij_Nieuwpoort.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Invincible_Armada.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/62/Bautizo_Felipe_II_grande.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a4/Joanna_of_castile_with_her_children.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ab/Bernaerd_van_Orley_004.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6e/Maria_Tudor1.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3e/Elderly_Karl_V.jpg An elderly Charles V. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0a/Felipe_II_de_Espa%C3%B1a_01.jpg A statue of Philip. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e0/Charles_V_enthroned_over_his_defeated_enemies_Giulio_Clovio_mid_16th_century.jpg An image of Charles sitting enthroned over his defeated enemies. Charles' mother Johanna the Mad. Charles' sister. Charles http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/df/Ghent%2C_Ferraris_Map%2C_1775.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/33/Spanish_Colonization_of_Mexico.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2b/Siege_of_Florence.JPG http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/ca/Council_of_Trent.JPG "The Siege of Florence" The Council of Trent The Baptism of Philip II http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Martin_Luther_by_Cranach-restoration.tif&page=1 Charles V in his youth. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/df/Philip_II.jpg Philip II as a young prince. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9d/Portrait_of_King_Philip_II_of_Spain%2C_in_Gold-Embroidered_Costume_with_Order_of_the_Golden_Fleece.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a4/Karl_V_1605.jpg Charles V Philip II http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/60/Uczta_monarsza.jpg Philip's Family http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b3/Illustrations_de_Narratio_regionum_Indicarum_per_Hispanos_quosdam_devastattarum_%E2%80%94_Jean_Th%C3%A9odore_de_Bry_%E2%80%94_14.jpg Graphic image portraying the idea of the "Black Legend" that many believed was taking place during this time of Spanish power and conquest. The Hapsburg Coat-of-Arms http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~menzak/coaflags/austria.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/36/Anthony_Van_Dick_-_Ritratto_equestre_dell%27imperatore_Carlo_V_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a2/Philip_II_of_Spain_by_Antonio_Moro.jpg Charles V Philip II