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Aldrich, H.E., Ruef, M. (2006). Organizations evolving
Transcript of Aldrich, H.E., Ruef, M. (2006). Organizations evolving
The Evolutionary Approach
Written by H.E. Aldrich
and M. Ruef By Caroline Kvam Stokke The Evolutionary Theory Evolutionary Process Variation Selection Retention Struggle Change from current routines and competencies, change in organizational forms Intentional: occurs when people actively attempt to generate alternatives and seek solutions to the problem
Blind: occurs independently of conscious planning Differential elimination of certain types of variations External selection: forces external to an organization that affect its routines and competencies
Internal selection: forces internal to an organization that affect its routines and competencies Selected variations are preserved, duplicated, or otherwise reproduced Contest to obtain scarce resources because their supply is limited Requirements: Unit of analysis
Selection bias How the Evolutionary Approach
Relates to Other Approaches Six other approaches Perspective Variation Retention Selection Ecological Institutional Interpretive Organizational
dependence Transaction cost economics Variation introduced via new organizations Selection results from fit between organizations and environment Retention through external pressures and internal inertia Variations introduced from external origins, such as imitation Selection via conformity Retention through transmission of shared understandings Variation introduced as people negotiate meaning through interaction Selection via emergent understandings and compromise Retention is problematic; depends on learning and sharing Variation via problemistic search or information discontinuities Selection results from fit to target aspiration level or existing organizational knowledge Retention in programs, routines, and culture Variation introduced as managers try to avoid dependence Selection via asymmetric power relations Retention a temporary result of coalitions and bargaining Variations introduced via intendedly rational action Selection involves actions to minimize transaction costs Retention via transaction-specific investments “It (the evolutionary theory) also suggests how relatively specific processes – such as entrepreneurship, opportunism, coalition-building, and conformity – can be analyzed using a general framework of variation, selection, and retention mechanisms” Old sources In or after the evolutionary process? Critique and Comments DISCUSSION Did anyone find other critiques or comments to the article?
Do you have any specific examples on organizations that clearly has gone through an evolutionary process? THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION! Sources Aldrich, H.E., Ruef, M. (2006). Organizations evolving. London: Sage Publications: 16-60.