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Renaissance timeline 1300-1650 century

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Chiara Luna Erfurt

on 9 September 2010

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Transcript of Renaissance timeline 1300-1650 century


1300



Who:
Marco Polo (1354-1424)
A italian Explorer that travelled trougha and Central Asia.

What:
First Visit in China

Why it was important for the renaissance:
It was important for the renaissance (in Europe) to know more about Asia, because they could trade more things, so the countries in Europe have not only there items, food, matireal etc.


Showing Human Inginuity:
For us it is important, because the knowledge of the world and its cultures developed.



Who:
Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)
Italian expert in Physics, Technology and Astronomy.

What:
Makes discoveries in astronomy and physics.

Why it was important for the renaissance:
It was important for the Renaissance, that Galileo made discoveries on astronomy and physics, because they could know about how Physics and Astronomy works.

Showing Human Inginuity:
Because of Galileo Galilei, our knowledge of Astronomy and Physics, was able to develop further.


Who:
William Shakespear (1564-1616)
A very popular english Acter, Poet and Playwright.

What:
Begins writing plays.

Why it was important for the renaissance:
This wasnt very important during the Renaissance, because noone was actually interested in going to watch a play or something like that.

Showing Human Inginuity:
Without him, we wouldnt have so many entertaining plays.



Who:
Christopher Columbus (1451-1506)
A explorer, navigator and colonizer, from Italy.

What:
Was the first european to discover the American continent.

Why it was important for the renaissance:

It was important for the renaissance, because of trading, knowledge and getting to know other types of people and cultures.

Showing Human Inginuity:
It is important for us to know that the American Continant excists, because we couldnt travel so much and see other places of the world
1371
1492



1450 1590
1600s 1503
Who:
Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519)
A italian painter, sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist and writer. He was also the one who came up with submarines.
A very famous paintig of his paintings was the Mona Lisa! People wonder about the ladie´s smile...did he draw it misteriously on purpose...or is her smile actually like that?

What:
Drew Mona Lisa

Why it was important for the renaissance:
The Mona Lisa was an important drawing during the renaissanc, because Leonardo da Vinci was a well known painter and the Mona Lisa is very good drawing.

Showing Human Inginuity:
It is good that Leonardo Da Vinci drew the Mona Lisa, because we might not have as much knowledge about Art, as we do now.




Who:
Johannes Gutenberg (1398-1468)
A German Printer, Inventor and Engraver. He also printed the first bibel, the Gutenberg Bibel.
In Germany, is a Gutenberg Museum, where they still have and use these types of printing machines.

What:
Sets up printing press in Mainz,Germany.

Why it was important for the renaissance:
It was important, because they could get more educated by reading books and the bibel (which was very important for them) was first print.

Showing Human Inginuity:
It is also very important for us, that the printing was invented, because of educational reasons and fun. Educational, because we can get alot of information from books. And fun, because alot of people like reading books, that they think are interesting. We could neither mass produce written things.


1348 What:
Black Death first appears
in Florence.
The Black Death was one of the deadliest deseases during the renaissance. It killed 30% to 60% prozent of the european population.

Why it was importent during the renaissance:
I think that of course it was not a plesure, for people during the renaissance to have this desease, but it was also useful in two ways:
The people that were interested in biology and the human body, had more trust in themselves, they first didnt have it because the church told them that the peole die because they werent good and god killed them. But in reallity it was a desease and more and more people fond that out.

Biology and Science was developed further. They cut the dead bodies open, and knew about the desease, how the human body was built and all sorts of things, that they would have never found out if the black death didnt excist!

Showing Human Inginuity:
It is also very importent for us, that black death excisted in 1348, because the knowledge we have today about it, comes from the renaissance.
1517 Who:
Martin Luther (1483-1546
A german priest and professor.

What:
Nails his 95 theses on the door of the Cathlic church of Wittenberg, Germany.

Why it was important for the renaissance:
If Martin Luther hadn´t nailed those 95 theses on the churches door, the Renaissance would still be forced to belive in God, Hell and Heaven.

Showing Human Inginuity:
For us it is very good that Martin Luther made the 95 theses, because if not, we would maybe still live in the same way as the Renaissance, and would not have developed.
Martin Luther
1533 by Lucas Cranach the Elder
The Door of the Church in Wittenberg, where Luther nailed his 95 there on. Albrecht Dürer
Self-portait (1500)
Who:
Albrecht Dürer
(1471-1528)
A german Painter, Printmaker and theorist from Nuremberg.

What:
Raises Wodocut to the high level of art.

Why it was important for the renaissance:
It is important for the renaissance, because the kings, queens and lords could show how rich they were even more by having woodcut in there castle.

Showing Human Inginuity:
For us it is very important, that Albrecht Dürer raised woodcut to a high level of art, because thats how woodfurniture became more and more popular.



1490s Who:
Niccolò Machiavelli
(1469-1527)
Niccolò was a diplomat, political philosopher, musician, and a playwright, but foremost, he was a civil servant of the Florentine Republic. And of course the book writer of the famous book "The Prince".

What:
Wrote his book "The Prince"
(was published in 1532)

Why it was important for the renaissance:
Hitler, Taxin, Kings, Lords, many of the leaders read his book and made Machiaelli their role model. But not all used his advice right, for example Hitler, he used it to kill the jewish people. Thats why Machiavelli is now known as evil.

Showing Human Inginuity:
Alot of leaders that excist now stil read his book, maybe if Machiavelli didnt write it, our leaders wouldnt be as succesful.
Who:
Richard of Wallingford
(1292–1336)
An english mathematician,
that

What:
Was the first to design an astronomical clock.
(The Clock was built 20 years after Richard's death by William of Walsham)

Why it was important during the renaissance:
The design of the first astronomical clock was important during the renaissance, because the people could plan their time wisely and make appointments (that was exspecially important for leaders). It was also very comftable for them because they wouldnt have to wait for each other. Richard of Wallingford and alot of other people also earned alot money with it, which made poverty smaller.

Showing Human Inginuity:
It is very good for us now that the design of the clock took place! The world now has changed alot, and time passes by very quick, but the clock helps us to plan our time and use it wisely (just like the renaissance). If the clock was not invented, we wouldnt have school times, no busses, trains or airplains going at a specific time, no dates (month, year and days).
There are probably alot more things, that wouldnt excist if the clock was not invented.
1327 Who:
Giovanni Spinetti (1500s-1600s)
An italian instrument maker.

What:
First piano called, Spinet, invented.

Why it was important for the renaissance:
It was important for the renaissance to have and instrument like a piano,
because alot of people were musicians during that time period.

Showing Human Inginuity:
For us it is very nice and useful to have a piano. We can play, learn and have fun. Alot of people also choose to work as an piano teacher. It is always a great thing to learn an instrument, it also helps you consentrate on other things alwell. That is because you are not doing only one thing...you have music, school, drama, Art etc.
1608
1650
Who:
Michelangelo di Lodovico (1475 in Caprese, Toskana -1564 in Rome)
(full name: Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni)
He was an Italian Renaissance painter, sculptor, architect, poet, and engineer.

What:
Starts painting the ceiling of the sistine Chapel in Rome (1508–1512).

Why it was important for the renaissance:
Again Michelangelo was one of the people that made church a more beatiful place. The renaissance were really religious people, so they liked what Michelangelo did.

Showing Human Inginuity:
For us it is also very good because of the tourism and because it gives us more information about how the renaissance art was like.


Who:
Fillipo Brunelleschi (1377-1446)
He was one of the most foremost architects and enginers during the renaissance in Italy.

What:
Worked and studied the ancient Roman Ruins.

Why it was important for the renaissance:
It was important for the Renaissance that Fillipo Bruneleschi studied and worked us and architect, because he was the architect leader of alot of constuctions on churches. Since Religion was a very important thing doing the renaissance, they were thankful that he worked on it hard and made it a beautiful place. Here are things that Fillipo was the architection leader:

Dome of the Cathedral of Florence, (1419–1436)
Ospedale degli Innocenti, (1419-ca.1445)
Basilica di San Lorenzo di Firenze, (1419-1480s)
Palazzo di Parte Guelfa, (1420s-1445)
Sagrestia Vecchia, or Old Sacristy of S. Lorenzo, (1421–1440)
Santa Maria degli Angeli: unfinished, (begun 1434)
The lantern of the Florence Cathedral, (1436-ca.1450)
The exedrae of the Florence Cathedral, (1439–1445)
Santo Spirito di Firenze, (1441–1481)
Pazzi Chapel, (1441-1460s)

Showing Human Inginuity:
It is also very useful for us that Filipo Brunelleschi did these kind of thing, because it maked alot of tourism. Painted Ceiling of Sisitine Chapel by Michelangelo di Lodovico 1508 Michelangelo
by Jacopino del Conte Filippo Brunelleschi 1402 Niccolò Machiavelli
by Santi di Tito 1513 His Book "The Prince" Giovanni Spinetti The Spinet William Shakespear
The Rennaisance

Renaissance is a french word that means "Rebirth".
The people that lived during the 1300-1650 century were called renaissance because they made a big change on the world! The Renaissance started in Italy but later on, whole Europe got part of it.
I made a timeline with 15 entries of the renaissance, including 3 from my own country (Germany).
I hope you enjoy it :)
Music Drama
& Literature Leadership Art
Architecture Architecture Exploration Inventions
& Technology Medicin &
Science 1543 Who:
Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564)
He was an dutch anatomist, physician and author of the most educating books about the Human Antomy (Human Body), during the renaissance.

What: He wrote one of the most influential books on Human Antomy.

Why it was important during the Rrenaissance:
It was important for the renaissance to find out more about the human body, so they could understand how deseases were spread, and how they could get ride of it.

Showing Human Inginuity:
The Knowledge of the Human Body, could develop further.
Bibliography:


Book Sources:

1. Harris, Nathaniel. Spotlight on Renaissance Europe. East Sussex: Wayland, 1986

2. Saari, Peggy , and Aaron Saari. Rennaisance and Reformation. United States: Thomson Learning, 2002

Internet Sources:

1.Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

Richard of Wallingford: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_of_Wallingford

Black Death: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Death

Marco Polo: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marco_Polo

Fillipo Brunelleschi: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filippo_Brunelleschi

Johannes Gutenberg: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Gutenberg

Albrecht Dürer: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albrecht_D%C3%BCrer

Christopher Columbus: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christopher_Columbus

Leonardo Da Vinci: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonardo_da_Vinci

Michelangelo di Lodovico: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michelangelo_di_Lodovico_Buonarroti_Simoni

Niccolo Machiavelli: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niccol%C3%B2_Machiavelli

Martin Luther: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Luther

Andreas Vesalius:: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andreas_Vesalius

William Shakespear: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Shakespeare

Galilio Galilei: : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galileo_Galilei


2. The english Dictionary: http://dictionary.reference.com/

Giovanni Soinetti: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/spinet









Richard of Wallingford, measuring a compass Black Death Marco Polo Brunelleschi's dome for the Duomo of Florence, Santa Maria del Fiore Mona Lisa-1503 Medicin & Health Andreas Vesalius Church Architecture Inventions &
Technology Johannes Gutenberg The printing press machine The Gutenberg Bibel Exploration Astronomy&
Physics Health Galileo Galilei
by Justus Sustermans, 1636 Christopher Columbus Where it was spread in Europe Hope you like it!
By Chiara Erfurt 8B
Green House Leonardo Da Vinci
Self-portrait in red chalk Medicin & Health
Full transcript