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Civil War

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by

Jemarie Singson

on 8 October 2014

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Transcript of Civil War

First Battle of Bull Run
General Irvin led the Union forces to attack the Confederates near the creek called Bull Run.

Thomas J. Jackson stopped the Union in advance and was called "Stonewall Jackson."

Confederate forces launched a counter charge with a scream called "Rebel Yell," which made the Union Soldiers run away.
Becoming Soldiers
Majority of soldiers in the Civil War were between 18 and 30 years old.

Both Confederate and Union armies ranged between 11- 83 years old.

Civilians from both sides rushed to enlist, or join the army.
Confederate and Union Troops Preparing for Battle.

Robert E. Lee became the South's greatest general.
11 states in the Confederacy.
Relied on Great Britain and France in bringing military aid.
Emancipation Proclamation
Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation.
Now, all slaves in confederate territories were declared free.
Few slaves were freed.
Lincoln thought the Constitution did not allow him to free all slaves.
Weakening of the Confederacy.
Lincoln is Commander-in-Chief.
Great moral purpose to the Union.
Gettysburg Victory
Grant's Victory in Richmond

Sherman's March to the Sea tore into the heart of the Confederacy.

Grant had a brutal plan, yet Lee's strategies were genius.

Grant's troops suffered great casualties, but kept pushing on.
Surrender of Appomattox

Lee wanted to keep fighting, but knew that he was hopeless.

He
then
sends a
message to Gen
eral Grant saying that
he was ready to surrender.

The surrender was arranged in the small Virginia town of Appomattox Court House.

Grant later wrote that his joy was mixed with sadness.
Civil War
24 states in the Union
Goal: Invade and conquer the South.
Created the Anaconda Plan
It was a bloody fight won by the Confederates.
African Americans
Both North and South did not allow African Americans to fight.

North eventually took African Americans into its ranks due to desperation of soldiers.
The First Battle of Bull Run made three points clear.
The fighting would be bloody.
The war would not be over quickly.
Southern would fight fiercely to defend the Confederacy.
After Bull Run, Lincoln called for a real army of 500,000 volunteers for three years, instead of 90 militias.
Women
90,000 Union troops
75,000 Confederate troops
Unions tried holding ground in Cemetery Ridge.
Rebel troops tried to kick the Union out.
General George Pickett made a direct attack.
Pickett's charge was a failure.
Lincoln became upset
The Civil War was ending. The conflict had changed the country forever.
Union
Confederate
Women organized ladies' aid societies to supply the troops with their needs.

The United States Sanitary Commission was created by the federal government to keep the soldiers healthy.

White, free and enslaved African-American women worked.

The superintendent of Army nurses wanted nurses past 30 years old, healthy, and plain/simple.
Both
Many wanted to become nurses caring for the sick and injured.

They cooked and sewed for their boys.

They provided uniforms, blankets, sandbags and other supplies for entire regiments.

Some would just take care of their husband's previous work and provide for their families alone.

They acted as mothers and housekeepers for the soldiers under their care.
The Confederacy did much of their work on their own since they had less money and fewer resources.

They wrote letters to soldiers.

Worked as untrained nurses in makeshift hospitals or even at homes.

Many Southern women (especially wealthy ones) would rely on slaves for everything, but still had to do work.
President Lincoln gave General Grant command of all Union armies.
Lee could not hold on longer, and fled Richmond, but burnt anything useful for the Union.
General Sherman took Atlanta , affecting the 1864 election.
Grant's armies arrived just south of Richmond and settled in.
Vicksburg Victory
Confederates in Vicksburg surrendered
Grant's winnings in the west helped Union troops travel deep in the South.
Vicksburg=Confederate's last hold on the river.
Grant's troops stopped the delivery of food and supplies .
Union had complete control over the Mississippi.
Lee fled west from Richmond and Petersburg, while Grant followed.
Grant offered generous terms of
surrender.
By: Kathy Trieu
Jemarie C. Singson

Video:
Bibliography:

"Women in the Civil War." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2014.
Full transcript