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Gothic Literature

By Aya Shaker, Jude Ibrahim, Njood Attalah , Noor H.
by

Aya Shaker

on 5 April 2015

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Transcript of Gothic Literature

Gothic Literature
تتكون هذه القصيده من ٢٠٣ أبيات . تنقصم هذه القصيده الى ١٨ جزء . و كل جزء يحكي عن اشياء في الحياه. و بعض الأجزاء تتكلم عن الخير و الدين و العدل  و العلم و السعادة و الطبيعه

Setting
Characters
Supernatural
Elements
Language
 
Before discovery of Dracula's existence
The characters at first were talking with confidence. Every character is writing in his own diary and talking about the events that happened that day or week. So the events are already done and they are talking about the past not the present. So the events are in slow pace because the characters are throwing in their opinions as they are telling their story
 
After discovery of Dracula
 
The way they spoke became based on fear more than confidence. They start being afraid of everything and you can notice that based on how long or short there sentences are and on the usage of words.

“Purity of nature” and/or “the corruption of man”
 
 
Dracula himself is against nature.
The way he lives , feeds and moves around is not normal. He feeds on humans themselves , he defies gravity
.
Example: when Jonathan was locked in Dracula's Castle he saw Dracula crawl down the wall.
He’s immortal when humans are supposed to be living only for a limited amount of time, but he has been living for centuries. He can transform into a bat,

 
He is a

supernatural being
,
which is very fascinating to people , and makes them wonder how he existed and how he lives and they want to know more about him , but they also fear him because he’s supernatural. He isn’t normal, he isn't something that would be expected to live or exist.

Sublime
Sublime -> Dracula

He’s causing fear throughout the whole book and throughout all of Europe , people fear him because he's feeding on people and he's stealing kids to feed on them , and every time he feeds on kids he becomes younger.
 
Sublime scene ->
1.
when Lucy and her mom were sleeping on the bed and the bat who is Dracula was crashing against the window to try to feed on Lucy, he crashes the window , her mom dies and Lucy was on the edge of dying if it was not for the doctor that helped her.
2.
When Lucy is supposedly dead but they see her feeding on kids, and she looks like an evil soul.


-> Sublime scene because the 3/4 of the book is about trying to find a cure to Lucys sickness and when they figure out why shes sick which was because of Dracula , the professor knew that when she dies she will turn into a Vampire, when she does she seemed heartless without a soul , and she meant alot to all of the characters in the book and it broke them all and scared them to see the innocent Lucy turn into a devil.

"Dracula"

SETTING
Gothic settings:
Constant change of location, seasons, unstable climate (all provoke instability.)
Explores different land and oceans: Arctic regions.
Frankenstein is set in Europe.


 

CHARACTERS
Frankenstein:

Sensitive hero
Good or evil in man
- thin line that separates these two ideas.
Does he fully fit the criteria of a sensitive hero?
-He doesn’t really save anyone.
-He faints at the sight of seeing Clerval’s body making which is a characteristic of the heroine.


 

Victim
His monster’s actions force Victor to be viewed as a victim:

Sufferings and destruction

Targets his surroundings (people) - everyone he loved.
SUPERNATURAL ELEMENT
Gothic-elements:
more seen than emotionally or abstractly felt throughout the story.
Visual way -->
provokes a feeling of horror or darkness.(Light, candles, literal darkness)
"my candle was nearly burnt out’
'I sat one evening in my laboratory; the sun had set, and the moon was just rising from the sea'. pg.170

Death:
Foreshadow different things or omens may come up to symbolize different factors.



Language
Pre-creation:


"Frankenstein"
SETTING
Setting :
London, England

- Lockwood’s House:
Small garden.
He does not allow anyone in his house.

- Haunted house:
Two floors.
Attic
Big garden.
Isolated

- Lockwood’s company:
Small agency
Youngsters have the control
to battle the spirits.


CHARACTERS

Smart
Popular
Seeks for help
Organized



Supernatural Elements
Language
Lucy’s point of view:
-Talks about her past like when she was a kid

-How life was when she still with her family

-Her past work that she has done such as when she worked with her old company that she did not like.

-Shows fear when she is scared

“Purity of Nature”
and/or
“The Corruption of Man”
Long time ago – no technology
Lucy:
The skill to hear
George:
He always reads books
Lockwood:
He is organized
Always has his needs with him

SUBLIME
Ghost in the Hopes family
-
agents want to haunt the house and find information on why and how the ghost has died.
Sublime elements -
hearing, and seeing visual elements
Example
:
the discovery of the ghost in the haunted house
Lucy transported into the ghosts ‘body’
: visualized the life of Anne.

Hearing:
laughing, screaming

"Lockwood & Co."
Introduction

- House (2)
Isolated.
Dark.
Smell of blood.
Chilly and cold.

- Creepy sounds
‘Tap’ sound and screams.

Brave
Uses her power
of hearing.


Intelligent
Reads
Lockwood
Lucy
George
Supernatural Elements
-Death
– Mr. Hope
-Ghost
– Lucy and Lockwood have been fighting the ghost
-Temperature
– change of cold and warm weather
-Echoes
– the ghost was doing echoes which led sounds everywhere in the house
-Shadows
– not to be sure where the ghost is actually is
-Rock
– Testing to see if Lucy could hear anything
-Spiders
– found spiders in the garage and have found a ghost
-Ghost (2)
– Lucy’s room at midnight

Salt bombs
- started attacking the ghost with his salt bomb.
Necklace
– Lucy had a necklace that belonged to the ghost
Chains
- Lucy talked to the ghost of Anna’s since she was curious enough to know who truly killed her
Book
- there was a book, which consisted the death of seven monks.
Ghost
- In the house that the agents are investigating, the agents have found a ghost and they are fighting it and they want to know if it is Anna.

Change of Location
-Frankenstein is born in Italy.
-Raised in Geneva, Switzerland.
-Goes to Ingolstadt, Germany, for his studies - where he creates the monster.


 

University of Ingolstadt
-Attends University to seek knowledge
-Love of nature - wants to apply it throughout his life.
 


Laboratory
-It is the main source of all gothic elements  (Birth place of monster)
-Where he experiments – attempts to create his monster.
“Dreary night of November” – darkness, gloomy, and full of despair.


- He is the one who created the monster:
(The supernatural being, which sparked and provoked the idea of gothic elements throughout the novel.)



- He seeks for knowledge and applies it in his creation.
- The creation of the monster portrays him a brilliant, smart, passionate, character.

- He fears it.
- Not aware of the outcomes, effects of his knowledge.
- Gets caught up into his thinking and emotions, and the thirst for knowledge.

Creator
His knowledge



Torn between his creation and his life -- making him the sensitive hero.


Monster :
The gothic-like character


”The unknown”
Supernatural being
-The lack of knowledge about this creation causes a sense of curiosity and wonder for the readers.
-Isn’t much said about the monster --- Dark secrets + dangerous upcoming event.
 


Is the creation originally a monster or does society make him one?
- Fear of “the unknown”
- People started making him feel like a monster
- Negative impulses (Said – Believe – Become)
- Isolated

Dead flesh :

He applies his knowledge on making dead flesh live.
The use of knowledge: 'how dangerous is the acquirement of knowledge’

Monster:
Unknown, unnamed → “The other” provokes wonder and curiosity
-No one knows who he is
Created in a laboratory -- it doesn’t follow the “natural” way of life; the creature
wasn’t born
it was
created.

-The sentences are relaxed show --> seeking knowledge
- Long sentences:
About philosophy, education, natural principles.





- Short sentences
(and fast paced ideas), rather than long ones full of thinking and philosophy about knowledge.
-Doubt, guilt, and wonder
, are provoked by Frankenstein’s language after the creation of the monster.

Post-Creation of the monster:  
- Outcome:
Applied his knowledge.
- Description:
Feared his creation, described it as an unusual creature, feared its appearance.
Use of descriptive words (he didn’t use before.)
“Purity of Nature”

and/or
“The Corruption of Man”
Creation of “unnatural” life in monster form
--> Unnatural state of world
--> Man tries to be god
--> Society corrupts man

Overall message
→ The pursuit of knowledge is in an important thing, but its outcomes and misuses causes issues that interfere with nature, therefore making it a “corruption for man”.
Society corrupts man  “creature turned in to a monster”

Sublime
Most prominent “sublime”
--> after Victor Frankenstein created the monster and describes it
Essential
--> communicated fear and wonder to the reader

"I beheld the wretch, the miserable monster whom I had created. He held up the curtain of the bed; and his eyes, if eyes they may be called, were fixed on me. His jaws opened, and he muttered some inarticulate sounds, while a grin wrinkled his cheeks. He might have spoken, but I did not hear; one hand was stretched out, seemingly to detain me, but I escaped and rushed downstairs"


This provokes curiosity, and wonder.

It allows readers to question why Frankenstein reacted in such a way.

How he faced his creation, could indicate who he is as a person
(Didnt see the outcomes of his knowledge).

Visual description
-> allows the reader to “see” the sublime rather than feel the fear or terror provoked by it.

Why?
Count Dracula’s Castle :
Isolated, Huge forest surrounding it.
-> Huge blue fire
No Neighbors.
Classical, filled with Candles, Most rooms without windows.
All doors locked, Very warm. House filled with
Vampires, and dogs. Room Underground with a Coffin.
Massive metal gates. Tunnels. Dogs howling.

Russian Ship:

Middle of the sea. Crew disappearing .Holds a lot of Cargo. Going through a huge storm.Unknown passenger on the ship that when seen causes the crew to jump off of the ship or they disappear. Huge cargo hold going to London. Small ship. Only crew of 5 and 2 Captains are on the ship.

Lucy and Minas Apartment
:
In London.
2 bedrooms, Next to the sea. Old men next to there apartment always sitting there. Wide window.

Rehab:
Isolated area. Rooms with padded walls. Next to it a dark area with a Huge house.
That mental patients get attracted to and run away to stand next to the house . Patients affected by moon and sun
.

Dracula :-
Vampire that lives in his own isolated
Castle. Everyone fears him.


Jonathan:-
The helpless person

than Dracula wants feeds on.
Jonathan , went to Dracula's Castle to help Dracula find a house in London , Dracula keeps him as a hostage. He is the

Mina:

Jonathan's Finance, loyal best friend .
Worry's about everyone. Puts everyone before herself.

Dr.Seward:

Shrink. Helps the professor with
finding a way to kill Dracula.


Renfield :
The Innocent person

that is influenced by Dracula. Mental patient

Lucy:
The beautiful
that Dracula feeds on.
Turns into a Vampire.

Arthur :

Lucy’s Fiance


Quincy
:
Arthur's best friend

Professor:

Discovers that a Vampire is feeding on Lucy and
tries to figure out ways to Kill Dracula.


Sensitive hero

تتكون هذه القصيده من ٢٠٣ أبيات . تنقصم هذه القصيده الى ١٨ جزء . و كل جزء يحكي عن اشياء في الحياه. و بعض الأجزاء تتكلم عن الخير و الدين و العدل  و العلم و السعادة و الطبيعه


The Idea of The Other (The Unknown)

"Frankenstein"
--> Causes wonder
--> Not enough details about that specific character or factor (creature created by Frankenstein named “the monster”)
--> Society faces a new creation.
--> Description of the physical features - fear

"Dracula"

--> Vampire - main source of terror in the book.
--> He feeds on humans.
--> Unusual physical features.

"Lockwood and Co."
--> The ghost appears more than once throughout the novel and causes lots of events to occur.
--> Unknown ghost (who is it?, why is it here?)

Gothic literature, such as the three we discussed previously use gothic elements such setting, characters, supernatural elements, language, and the sublime in order to build fear and wonder . The Gothic uses supernatural to inspire fear and wonder by introducing us to different creatures that were never heard of.

Fear and Wonder

Safety of the surroundings/ Setting

"Frankenstein"
--> The reader will eventually wonder and fear the affects of the monster towards the safety of the characters and their surroundings.
-->The monster kills characters and that foreshadows upcoming dark events - builds wonder and curiosity + causes them to fear the monster’s actions.
-->Wondering what will happen next is inspired by the reader’s fear.

"Dracula"
--> The castle is filled with Vampires.
--> Doors are all locked, there’s a room with a tomb that Dracula rests in.
--> People on the ship were committing suicide because of how Dracula looks like.
--> Dracula sends out a siren to the beautiful, the helpless and the innocent. - Makes readers wonder why he’s only aiming at those certain groups of people
--> He’s at all four different settings in this book at the same time.

"Lockwood and Co."
-->Supernatural things that happened in the book such as the death of Mr. Hope, which leads the story from there.
--> What does the presence of the ghost bring to the neighborhood?



The reader is inspired to consider what the purpose of the book is, as well as what the characters and events represent, such as foreshadowing.Throughout the different novels the reader is also inspired to consider the following questions:

Why did Frankenstein create the creature?
What affect will the monster have on society and humanity itself?
Who truly created the monster, society or Frankenstein?




What is Dracula?
Why does he feed on people?
How does he does he represent the corruption of man and nature?
Why is he focusing on specific group of to feed on instead of everyone?
How is he bringing people back from the dead?
The presence of ghost.
What did the ghost have in the Hopes house and what caused her death.
Where was the ex boyfriend?

What is the reader inspired to consider?
Gothic elements

are seen throughout the book ->Vampire that feeds on people.
-> Disappearance of All ship Crew and captains -> Appearance of an unknown white man
-> 2 puncture holes on Lucy’s Neck.
->Mental Patient calling upon a master.
->Feeding on people. Drinking kids blood makes you younger in age
->Shape reform: Man -> dog -> bat
Change in behavior

-> Lucy starts to be lose weight , becomes pale -> dies
-> Wakes up as a vampire -> Lucy's face but different soul -> Bloofer lady
-> Mina starts to become pale and tired and starts losing weight.
-> Renfield-> behavior changes everyday. One day hes normal the other day he's insane.
Knows when Dracula is coming. Eats flies, spiders and birds to gain strength.
Dracula

-> Feeds on humans
-> Jonathan sees him going down the wall’s castle like a lizard
-> doesn't’t appear in mirrors

Setting
See:

In an old house, evidence: Ground creeks he’s using lanterns. Usually dark because Narrator observes him at night.
Gothic: When he goes to the old mans room, hes going to a forbidden area , which provokes wonder and fear.

Hear:

Ground creaking , Old mans fast heartbeat. A scream caused by the old man.
Gothic :

Fear is usually the main aspect of the Gothic books. The old mans heart is beating fast and he screams because the Narrator is causing Fear.
Characters
Narrator - mentally ill
-
he was insane because he wants to kill the old man who never was mean to him.

Paranoid
-

he heard sounds from up and down.

Cautious -
he was aware of single details because he was checking over the old man.
Frustrated -
he was very sad because he killed the old man and under the stress, he confessed the truth to the police.

The old man

-
strong minded - he was aware of everything around him.
Kind hearted -
he was very good to the narrator.
Wise -

he was intelligent and clever for shouting so loud when the narrator wanted to kill him.
Reasonable -

his shouting led the police come and to catch the murder.
Supernatural Elements
Diseased eye
of the old man (refers to it as the
Evil Eye)
→ beyond human powers.
→ Gave another sense (other than just vision)

“TRUE! --nervous --very, very dreadfully nervous I had been and am; but why will you say that I am mad? The disease had sharpened my senses --not destroyed --not dulled them. Above all was the sense of hearing acute.”

A sixth sense

→ beyond his powers → against nature.
Senses over taking
→ Internal sufferings
→ External harm
(provokes fear,wonder,curiosity about the two characters)

“I heard all things in the heaven and in the earth. I heard many things in hell. How, then, am I mad? Hearken! and observe how healthily --how calmly I can tell you the whole story.”


Language
“Purity of nature” and/or “the corruption of man”
Setting
Characters
Supernatural Elements
Language
“Purity of nature” and/or “the corruption of man”
Fear and Wonder

Wonder?Fear?
--> Origins of the painting -- “the unknown”.
"dark with age, damp, and smoke, that not a touch of the painter's art could be discerned."
--> Starts to wonder about "the unknown" -- fear it
--> Who is this painting a portrait of? -- (Importance)
--> Spirit - devil --> curiosity and wonder --> fear its actions and what it foreshadows
--> Importance of the painting -- what does it foreshadow?
--> Curious about upcoming events.


Plans a murder

→ kills the old man.
Death
(foreshadows the downfall of events)

Investigation by officers →
Repetitive noise

paranoia, his conscience, hallucinations, a supernatural clue
”ticking and beating”
→ suspicion and tension
"I admit the deed!--tear up the planks!--here, here!--it is the beating of his hideous heart!"
The sentences at the beginning of the story where full, detailed sentences. This pattern went on until the narrator started to get mad.
Example:
“It grew louder, I say, louder every moment! --do you mark me well I have told you that I am nervous: so I am.”
Also when the narrator started getting scared off the sound only he can hear. At this point the sentences were shorter and the pace at which they were spoken was incredibly faster, to represent the paranoia and anxiety the narrator is going through.
Example post-paranoia:
“Almighty God! --no, no! They heard! --they suspected! --they knew!”
A sixth sense
→ beyond his powers
→ against nature. (Man with 5 senses)
→ Senses over taking
→ Empowerment by a sixth sense
→ Causes : Instability, madness

→ internal suffering (hearing voices)
→ external harm (madness, killing the old man)

(provokes fear,wonder,curiosity)

“I heard all things in the heaven and in the earth. I heard many things in hell. How, then, am I mad?”

Sublime
The sublime of this story occurs at the end of the story. It occurs when the narrator starts hearing the heartbeat of the old man he had just killed and dismembered, with the presence of cops. This is the sublime,the highest point of fear and terror in the novel, because it uses a supernatural power to help and make the reader wonder what the sound is in order to make them feel fear and wonder what would happen next as well as what exactly is happening.
Lieutenant-Governor Hutchinson - politician -
he was Boston governor
Undetermined

- he was unwilling to take the decision for the British troops to enter Boston.
Stressed -
he was under the stress of people who were against the signature of the paper and he was feared to be like Edward Randolph.

Edward Randolph - devil
- he was against the Puritans and he collected taxes for Great Britain.
Traitor -

he was a betrayal because he gave Great Britain the provinces charter.

Devil

→ spirit (evil) in portrait
→ foreshadows negative events and
provokes fear.
 
"It is Randolph's spirit! It wears the look of hell."
→ The

man’s spirit
is trapped in the painting.


“The portrait had stepped out of its canvas and stood at his side through the night. Afterward, as he lay on his death-bed.”


→ Spirit came out of the painting and waited to
bring death to others.
 
Portrait

→ Unknown → unclear who it is.

Life in the portrait
→ beyond human nature.
 
“...like the tones of the human voice, or thundering laughter, or heavy footsteps treading the deserted chambers. It is as if the echoes of half a century were revived.”

The pace of the story at the beginning was very slow and detailed, however towards
the end the pace grew faster. The pace indicates that the closer the story got to the sublime the faster the pace got.
-Beginning of the story:
"Is it known, my dear uncle," inquired she, "what this old picture once represented? Possibly, could it be made visible, it might prove a masterpiece of some great artist--else why has it so long held such a conspicuous place?"

-Towards the end
:
"'Twould drive me mad--that awful face!"
→ Life → painting → natural principles

Ghost → represents corruption of man
dis purifies nature

Sublime
Aya Shaker, Jude Ibrahim , Njood Attalah , Noor Husseini
The setting of this story is an apartment in a Province house
See: "gas lights flare and flicker", scattered windows , candle glimmering through the scattered window . Ancient Picture with a black frame , canvas is dark. Its a portrait of a man in a "old-fashioned dress of embroidered velvet," with a beard and a hat. Face expression filled with guilt.
In a bar room: Compelling piles of Smoke from a cigaret, fire ,

Edward Randolph’s Portrait uses gothic elements such as the setting or the supernatural in order to inspire fear and wonder for the reader.


The reader is inspired to consider:

What the portrait really is and where it came from?
What had happened to it?
Is the spirit (devil) related to the portrait?
What the Captain is going to do about the current situation?

"The Tell Tale Heart" by Edward Allen Poe
Wonder?Fear?
"The Unknown"
-->Eye
-->Old man
(Wonder and question its effect)
(Fear what it foreshadows)
--> Wonder why the main character wants to kill the old man?



Fear and Wonder

The reader is inspired to consider:
-What is the main source of instability in the main character?
-What effects do the old man have on the character?
- What is the role of the unusual eye?
- Why does the main character kill the old man? For what cause?
- Is the old man the source of madness?




Sixth sense ?

--> What is the source of madness and instability?
--> Main character's internal sufferings and external harm
--> Wonder the main character's upcoming actions.
- Provokes fear,wonder,curiosity about the two characters.
"Edward Randolph's Portrait"
Gothic novels use many elements throughout the stories in order to inspire fear and wonder ! And throughout this presentation we will be discussing how setting, characters, language , supernatural elements, corruption of man, and sublime help build fear and create suspense and wonder.

The
sublime
of the story is when the governor wanted to sign the paper for the British troops to enter Boston and he was looking at the most hateful ugly portrait, who was under the curse of the people because he did the same thing and was a traitor.

Elizabeth:
His cousin
--> The women he loves
-Justin Mortiz
-His professor
"Edward Randolph's Portrait." , by Nathaniel Hawthorne, 1838, 1842. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Apr. 2015.

Key Gothic Themes & Elements From Frankenstein, Dr Faustus and The Bloody Chamber." Key Gothic Themes & Elements From Frankenstein, Dr Faustus and The Bloody Chamber. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Apr. 2015.

Stoker, Bram. Dracula. New York: Bantam Booka, 1981. 411. Print.

"Theorizing the Gothic Sublime." Theorizing the Gothic Sublime. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Apr. 2015.

"The Tell-Tale Heart by Edgar Allan Poe." The Tell-Tale Heart by Edgar Allan Poe. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Apr. 2015.






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