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Road to Independence Timeline

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by

Colin Blanton

on 27 November 2012

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Transcript of Road to Independence Timeline

Proclamation of 1763 1763 The Proclamation of 1763 was issued by King George III which banned the British from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains. It created a border between Colonial and American Indian Lands. It also ordered colonists in the upper Ohio River Valley to leave. Most Colonists ignored the Proclamation. Sugar Act April 5, 1764 Parliament had to pay for the French and Indian War. They passed the Sugar Act. This law set taxes on molasses and sugar imported by anywhere except Britain. This was the first act passed specifically to raise money in the colonies. Colonists were not concerned because they would buy their sugar and molasses from Britain. Stamp Act March 1765 This required that government stamps be placed on newspapers, playing cards, dice, calendars and legal papers. Colonists who refused to buy stamps could be fined or sent to jail. The Colonists protested "No Taxation without Representation". Delegates from nine colonies wrote letters to Britain to protest the Stamp Act. Colonists boycotted British goods. The Parliament decided to repeal the Stamp Act. Townshend Acts June 1767 Parliament passed the Townshend Acts in June 1767. This placed taxes on imported glass, lead, paint and tea. Colonists boycotted and protested against the Townshend Acts. Britain sent 1,000 soldiers to control the protest. Boston Massacre March 5, 1770 On March 5, 1770, a British soldier got into a fight with a Colonist. A crowd surrounded the soldier and started insulting him. A small group of troops then fired upon the Colonists killing several of them. Colonists called the shootings the Boston Massacre. John Adams defended the soldiers and the jury found them not guilty of murder. After this, Britain repealed the Townshend Acts on everything except tea. Tea Act May 10, 1773 The demand for tea was high and colonies were smuggling most of the imported tea and not paying duty on it. British East India Company suggested a solution that they sell directly to the colonies. They would charge low prices and still make a profit and it would lead to less smuggling and more tax revenue. Parliament passed the Tea Act in 1773. The Colonists united against the Tea Act. Boston Tea Party December 16, 1773 The Boston Tea Party was a result of the Colonists uniting against the Tea Act. Ships carrying British Tea arrived in Boston Harbor. On the night of December 16, 1773, Sons of Liberty dressed as Indians snuck into the three ships and dumped 342 tea chests into the Boston Harbor. Intolerable Acts 1774 The Intolerable Acts was passed to punish Boston for the Tea Party. The acts had several effects. Boston Harbor was closed until the tea was paid for, town meetings were banned, British soldiers were housed in private homes and British soldiers accused of crime were to be tried in Britain. The British hoped this would bring back control in the colonies. These acts made the Colonists angry because the acts went against the rights of the citizens. Lexington and Concord April 1775 British soldiers were sent to obtain weapons and supplies that were being stored in Concord, Massachusetts by the Colonists. They were also ordered to capture two patriot leaders. Paul Revere and William Dawes warned the Colonists that the British or "Redcoats" were coming. Seventy Minutemen met seven hundred Redcoats in Lexington. Someone fired a shot and it resulted in eight minutemen being killed. British went to Concord and on their way back they were met by four thousand minutemen. Second Continental Congress May 1775 In May 1775, representatives from the twelve colonies, the Second Continental Congress, met in Philadelphia to discuss the fighting that happened in Lexington and Concord. The Second Continental Congress sent the Olive Branch Petition to King George asking for peace. The Petition was not accepted by King George and they started to prepare for war. They also declared independence. Declaration of Independence July 4, 1776 Colonists wanted freedom from Britain. Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence. It was signed by the Second Continental Congress on July 4th, 1776. The Declaration of Independence included basic rights such as life, liberty and pursuit of happiness. This broke all ties to Britain and the United States of America was born. Road to Independence Timeline By: Colin Blanton Period: 6
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